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21 January

763 – Iraq – Battle of Bakhamra. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alid_Revolt_(762%E2%80%93763)#Ibrahim.27s_uprising_in_Basra

1118 – Rome – Pope Paschal II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paschal_II

1276 – Rome – Pierre de Tarentaise became Pope Innocent V. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_V

1525 – Switzerland – Swiss Anabaptist Movement founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anabaptism#Switzerland

1535 – France – Protestants burned at stake in from of Notre-Dame, Paris. http://www.thereformation.info/Placards1534.htm

1720 – Sweden – Second Treaty of Stockholm signed (Great Northern). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaties_of_Stockholm_(Great_Northern_War)

1749 – Italy – Philharmonic Theatre, Verona destroyed by fire.

1774 – Ottoman Empire – Abdul Hamid I became sultan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Hamid_I

1790 – GB – A stone was thrown at George III whilst on his way to Parliament. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Frith_(assailant)

1793 – France – Louis XVI executed for treason. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/louis.htm

1840 – Antarctica – Adélie Land discovered by Jules Sumont d’Urville. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/artwork/37139/adelie-land-1840  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jules_Dumont_d%27Urville

1864 – New Zealand – Tauranga Campaign began (New Zealand Wars). http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/war-in-Tauranga

1908 – USA – New York City passed Sullivan Ordinance – illegal for women to smoke in public. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9503E1DD113EE033A25752C2A9679C946997D6CF


1911 – Monaco – First Monte Carlo Rally. http://youtu.be/7yjlLhOmRQk  http://www.montecarlolegend.com/the-tale-of-the-monte-carlo-rally/

1919 – Ireland – Irish War of Independence began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_War_of_Independence

1939 – USA – Imperial Airways Cavalier crashed off coast of New York , 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19390121-0

1941 – Romania – Legionaires’ Rebellion began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legionnaires%27_rebellion_and_Bucharest_pogrom

1942 – Papua New Guinea – 2 RAAF planes crashed off Salamaua, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420121-4 http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420121-5

1943 – USA – Pan Am Flight 1104 crashed near Ukiah, California, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430121-0

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Flagstaff, Arizona, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430121-2

1944 – Germany – RAF attacked Madgeburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1948 – Canada – Flag of Quebec first flown. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Quebec

1948 – USA – Civil Aeronautics Administration plane crashed near Ward, CO, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480121-2

1950 – Bolivia – TAM plane crashed near Vacas, 33 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500121-0

1955 – India – Indian Airlines plane crashed at Guwahati, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550121-0

1960 – Jamaica – Avianca Flight 671 crashed at Montego Bay Airport, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19600121-0


1960 – USA – Little Joe 1B spacecraft launched at Wallops Island, Virginia. https://youtu.be/MAgvdwt7Oqc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=LILJOE-1B


1960 – South Africa – Mine collapse at Coalbrook, Freestate, 435 killed. https://youtu.be/N6hobAXy1mI http://www.timeslive.co.za/opinion/2010/10/14/the-435-sa-miners-who-didn-t-make-it


1968 – Vietnam – Battle of Khe Sanh began (Vietnam War). https://youtu.be/V6C572I9huA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Khe_Sanh


1971 – UK – Emley Moor transmitting station began UHF broadcasts. https://youtu.be/g1et8tvkizQ http://www.thebigtower.com/live/EmleyMoor/Index.htm

1980 – Iran – Iran Air Flight 291 crashed near Tehran-Mehrabad Airport, 128 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19800121-0

1985 – USA – Galaxy Airlines Flight 203 crahed near Reno/Tahoe International Airport, NV, 70 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850121-0

2003 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.6 Mw, epicentre in Colima, 29 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Colima_earthquake

2007 – Molucca Sea – Earthquake measuring 7.5 Mw, 4 killed.

2011 – Puerto Rico – Earthquake measuring 5.1Mw, epicentre in Puerto Rico Trench.