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20 January

250 – Rome – Pope Fabian died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Fabian

1265 – England – Simon de Montfort’s Parliament meeting held in the Palace of Westminster (“Houses of Parliament”). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_de_Montfort%27s_Parliament

1320 – Poland – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_I_the_Elbow-high

1356 – Scotland – Edward Balliol surrendered claim to of Scottish throne to Edward III of England. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Balliol

1523 – Denmark/Norway – King Christian II abdicated, Frederick I became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_II_of_Denmark https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_I_of_Denmark

1567 – Brazil – Battle of Rio de Janeiro. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rio_de_Janeiro_(1567)

1576 – Mexico – City of León founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le%C3%B3n,_Guanajuato#History


1649 – England – Trial of Charles I for treason and other “high crimes” began. https://youtu.be/GF76756no5Y http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/charlesIlinks.html

1785 – Vietnam – Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút (Siamese-Vietnamese Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_R%E1%BA%A1ch_G%E1%BA%A7m-Xo%C3%A0i_M%C3%BAt

1788 – Australia – Third group of ships of First Fleet of convicts from England arrived at Botany Bay. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Fleet

1839 – Peru – Battle of Yungay (War of the Confederation). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yungay

1841 – Hong Kong Island – Occupied by the British. https://youtu.be/Kk6gfAtwZ7Q  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Hong_Kong

1871 – France – Battle of Buzenval ended (Franco-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Buzenval_(1871)

1877 – Turkey – Constantinople Conference ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantinople_Conference

1885 – USA – L A Thompson patented the roller coaster structure. http://www.google.com/patents/US310966  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaMarcus_Adna_Thompson

1934 – Japan – Fujifilm founded. http://www.fujifilm.com/about/history/corporate_history/

1936 – UK – George V died, aged 70. Edward VIII became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george5 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward8

1941 – China – CNAC plane crashed in Jiangxi Province, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410120-0

1944 – Germany – RAF attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Argentina – LAN Chile plane crashed near Mendoza-El Plumerillo Airport, MD, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440120-0


1945 – Prussia – Evacuation of East Prussia began (WWII). https://youtu.be/bz7scck2bXI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evacuation_of_East_Prussia

1948 – China – CNAC plane crashed at Mukden Airport, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480120-0

1949 – USA – Alaska Airlines Flight 8 crashed near Homer, AK, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490120-0

1953 – USA – Dwight D Eisenhower became President (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/dwightdeisenhower

1954 – USA – Zantop Air Transport plane crashed at Kansas City, MO, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540120-1

1954 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Lyneham-RAF Station, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540120-2

1954 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Hullavington RAF Station, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540120-3

1955 – China – Battle of Yijiangshan Islands ended (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yijiangshan_Islands

1961 – USA – John F Kennedy became President (Democratic). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/johnfkennedy

1969 – USA – Richard Nixon became President (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/richardnixon

1974 – Paracel Islands – Battle of Paracel Islands ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Paracel_Islands

1977 – USA – Jimmy Carter became President (Democratic). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jimmycarter

1981 – USA – Ronald Reagan became President (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/ronaldreagan

1981 – Iran – Hostage Crisis ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran_hostage_crisis

1984 – Austria – Paralympic III Winter Games Closing Ceremony in Innsbruck. http://www.paralympic.org/innsbruck-1984

1989 – USA – George H W Bush became President (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/georgehwbush

1990 – Azerbaijan SSR – Black January ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_January


1992 – France – Air Inter Flight 148 crashed in Vosges Mountains, 87 killed. https://youtu.be/cvaHYef8K8o WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19920120-0

1993 – USA – Bill Clinton became President (Democratic). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/williamjclinton

2001 – USA – George W Bush became President (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/georgewbush

2001 – Philippines – Second EDSA Revolution ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_EDSA_Revolution

2001 – Philippines – President Joseph Estrada ousted, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Estrada  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloria_Macapagal_Arroyo

2003 – Solomon Islands – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw.

2006 – UK – Bottle-nosed whale seen in River Thames. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4631396.stm

2009 – USA – Barack Obama became President (Democratic). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/barackobama

2017 – USA – Donald Trump became president (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-trump

York

1844 – Joseph Dobson was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1910 – Electric Tram service started. http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/life-speeds-up/transport-moves-on