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18 January

336 – Rome – Mark became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Mark

474 – Roman Empire – Emperor Leo I died, Flavius Leo Junior Augustus became Roman Emperor (east). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_I_(emperor) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_II_(emperor)

749 – Levant Region – Earthquake measuring 7.0-7.5Mw.

1126 – China – Emperor Huizong abdicated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Huizong_of_Song

1486 – England – Henry VII married Elizabeth of York. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry7 http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=elizabeth_york

1535 – Peru – Lima Founded by Francisco Pizarro. http://www.limaeasy.com/lima-info/lima-history-and-cultures/foundation-and-colonization-1535-1821

1701 – Prussia – Frederick I became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_I_of_Prussia

1778 – Hawaiian Islands – James Cook discovered islands, named them “Sandwich Islands.” http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cook-discovers-hawaii

1788 – Australia – First ships of First Fleet of convicts from England arrived at Botany Bay. http://www.australianhistory.org/landing

1815 – USA – Battle of New Orleans ended (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_New_Orleans http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/battleofneworleans.htm

1822 – UK – Earthquake, epicentre Holme on Spalding Moor, Yorkshire. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51039

1844 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.9Mw, epicentre in Comrie, Scotland.

1866 – Australia – Wesley College, Melbourne established. http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/themes/2545/wesley-college-melbourne-victoria

1871 – German Empire – Wilhelm I became Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_I,_German_Emperor

1876 – USA – First “Molly Maguire” trial. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/maguires/maguireshome.html

1884 – UK – Dr. William Price attempted to cremate his infant son, setting legal precedent for cremation. http://webapps.rhondda-cynon-taff.gov.uk/heritagetrail/english/taf/drwilliamprice.html

1886 – UK – The Hockey Association established. http://www.englandhockey.co.uk/page.asp?section=1147

1913 – Greece – Battle of Lemnos (First Balkan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lemnos_(1913)

1916 – USA – Meteorite hit house near Baxter, Stone County Missouri. http://meteorites.asu.edu/meteorites/baxter


1919 – France – Paris Peace Conference began. https://youtu.be/7BLdjb6_AIM  https://youtu.be/7BLdjb6_AIM

1919 – Poland – Ignacy Jan Paderewski became Prime Minister. http://www.biography.com/people/ignacy-paderewski-9431615

1919 – UK – Bentley Motors Limited founded in Cricklewood, London. http://www.bentleymotors.com/en/world-of-bentley/our-story/history-and-heritage/w-o-bentley.html

1939 – Australia – Guinea Airways Pty Ltd plane crashed near Katherine-Tindal Airport, NT, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19390118-0

1941 – Hungary – Malert Magya Légiforgalmi Rt plane crashed near Nagyvárad, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410118-0

1943 – Brazil – USAAF plane missing off Natal, 26 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430118-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Oakland, CA, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440118-2

1945 – Hungary – Budapest ghetto liberated. http://www.greatsynagogue.hu/gallery_cemetery.html

1946 – USA – Eastern Air Lines Flight 105 crashed at Cheshire, CT, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460118-0

1948 – USA – USAF plane crashed at Camp Springs-Andrews AFB, MD, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480118-1

1949 – Germany – USAF plane crashed near Fassberg, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490118-0

1950 – Spain – Ejército del Aire plane crashed near Tobarra, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500118-1

1955 – China – Battle of Yijiangshan Islands began (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yijiangshan_Islands

1960 – USA – Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashed near Chareles City, VA, 50 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19600118-0

1967 – USA – Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life imprisonment. http://murderpedia.org/male.D/d/desalvo-albert.htm

1969 – USA – United Airlines Flight 266 crashed into Santa Monica Bay, 38 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690118-0

1976 – Lebanon – Karantina Massacre (Lebanese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karantina_massacre

1977 – Bosnia & Herzegovina – Yugoslav Government plane crashed near Sarajevo Airport, 8 killed (incl. Prime Minister Džemal Bijedić). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19770118-0  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C5%BEemal_Bijedi%C4%87


1977 – Australia – Train crash at Granville, Sydney, 83 killed. http://youtu.be/4W74uyEDSik  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granville_rail_disaster

1988 – China – China Southwest Airlines Flight 4146 crashed near Chongqing Airport, 108 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19880118-3

1996 – Russia – Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye Hostage Crisis ended (First Chechen War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye_hostage_crisis

1997 – Antartica – Boerge Ousland became first person to cross alone and unaided. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/01/18/world/norwegian-first-to-cross-antarctica-solo.html

2000 – Canada – Meteorite strike at Tagish Lake, British Columbia. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/news/features/2011/tagish-lake.html

2002 – Sierra Leone – Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sierra_Leone_Civil_War


2003 – Australia – Bush Fire in Canberra, 4 killed. https://youtu.be/qPpOXH0ADSg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Canberra_bushfires

2007 – UK, Germany, Netherlands – Storm Kyrill hit. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrill_(storm)

2009 – Gaza Strip – Gaza War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaza_War_(2008%E2%80%9309)

2011 – Pakistan – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Balochistan, 2 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12222081

2013 – UK – Earthquake measuring 2.9Mw, epicentre in Loughborough, Leicestershire. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jan/18/earthquake-strikes-east-midlands

York

1777 – A Press Gang was operating in York.