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12 January

475 – Byzantine Empire – Basiliscus became emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/constant/basiliscus.html

1777 – USA – Mission Santa Clara de Asís founded. http://www.scu.edu/visitors/mission/history.cfm

1805 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.0Mw, epicentre in Ruthin, Denbighshire, Wales.

1808 – UK – Wernerian Natural History Society founded in Scotland. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wernerian_Natural_History_Society  Memoirs of the Society (PDF) can be found at: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/51629#/summary

1848 – Kingdom of Naples – Sicilian Revolution of Independence began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicilian_revolution_of_1848

1865 – USA – Second Battle of Fort Fisher began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-fisher.html


1866 – UK – Royal Aeronautical Society formed in London. https://youtu.be/9O8e8EgPKkE http://aerosociety.com/About-Us/history

1872 – Ethiopia – Coronation of Emperor Yohannes IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yohannes_IV_of_Ethiopia


1895 – UK – The National Trust was founded. https://youtu.be/A7b8nW-Pw9M https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/lists/our-history-1884-1945

1918 – Finland – Mosaic Confessors Law made Jews full citizens. http://www.jewish-heritage-europe.eu/finland

1932 – USA – Hattie Caraway became first woman elected to US Senate. http://history.house.gov/People/Listing/C/CARAWAY,-Hattie-Wyatt-(C000138)/

1937 – USA – Western Air Express Flight 7 crashed near Newhall, California, 5 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Air_Express_Flight_7

1947 – USA – Eastern Air Lines plane crashed at Galaxy, VA, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470112-0

1949 – Germany – USAF plane crashed near Frankfurt Rhein-Main Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490112-0

1952 – USA – General Airways Flight 785 crashed at Mt Crillon, AK, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520112-0

1953 – Egypt – RAF plane crashed near Shallufa RAF Station, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530112-0

1954 – Czech Republic – CSA plane crashed near Praha-Ruzyne International Airport, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540112-0

1955 – USA – TWA Flight 694 collided with Castleton Inc plane near Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport KY, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550112-0

1959 – Spain – Caves of Nerja discovered. http://www.thenerjacaves.com/

1962 – South Vietnam – Operation Chopper (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Chopper_(Vietnam)

1964 – Zanzibar – Zanzibar Revolution. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zanzibar_Revolution

1967 – USA – Dr. James Bedford became first person to be cryonically preserved. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Bedford

1971 – USA – The “Harrisburg Seven” indicted for conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and blowing up tunnels of federal buildings in Washington DC. http://www.crimemagazine.com/harrisburg-seven-are-charged-conspiracy-1971

1972 – USA – Braniff Flight 38 hijacked after takeoff from William P Hobby Airport, Houston, Texas. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19720112-0

1986 – USA – Space Shuttle Columbia launched (STS-61-C). https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-61C.html

2004 – UK – RMS Queen Mary 2’s maiden Voyage. http://www.qm2.org.uk/history.html

2005 – USA – Deep Impact spacecraft launched. http://science.nasa.gov/missions/deep-impact/

2006 – Saudi Arabia – Stampede on last day of Hajj in Mina, 362 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4606002.stm

2010 – Haiti – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre 14 miles west of Port-au-Prince, 316,000 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8455629.stm

2012 – Romania – Protests (Phase 1) began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Romanian_protests

2015 – Cameroon – Kolofata Raid, 143 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-30794827

2015 – Armenia – Gyumri Massacre, 7 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Gyumri_massacre