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3 February

6 – China – Emperor Ping Di died aged 14; Wang Mang succeeds him, aged 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Ping_of_Han https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Mang

1014 – England – Sweyn Forkbeard died, aged about 54. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweyn_Forkbeard

1377 – Italy – Cesena Bloodbath (War of the Eight Saints). https://patriciahysell.wordpress.com/tag/cesena-bloodbath/

1451 – Ottoman Empire – Mehmed II became Sultan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehmed_the_Conqueror

1509 – India – Battle of Diu (Portuguese-Mamluk War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Diu_(1509)

1534 – England – Silken Thomas executed in London, by order of Henry VIII. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_FitzGerald,_10th_Earl_of_Kildare

1605 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.1, epicentre in Hiro, followed by tsunami. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1605_Nankai_earthquake

1690 – America – Massachusetts issued first paper money. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/02/the-first-paper-money-in-america-was-issued-on-this-day-in-1690/70718/


1706 – Poland – Battle of Fraudstadt (Great Northern War). https://youtu.be/w37zcYbQs9s https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fraustadt

1781 – USA – Capture of Sint Eustatius (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_Sint_Eustatius

1783 – USA – Spain recognizes US independence (American Revolutionary War).

1794 – England – 16 crushed to death, trying to enter the Haymarket Theatre, London. http://www.theatrehistory.com/british/haymarket001.html

1813 – Argentina – Battle of Lorenzo (Argentine War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Lorenzo

1830 – UK – London Protocol signed. http://www.kingscollections.org/exhibitions/specialcollections/greece/british-involvement-in-the-war/london-protocol

1852 – Argentina – Battle of Caseros (Argentine Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Caseros

1852 – Uruguay – Platine War ended (Uruguay Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platine_War

1870 – USA – 15th Amendment approved. https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/15thamendment.html

1913 – USA – 16th Amendment approved. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

1916 – Canada – Parliament building in Ottawa burned down. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/parliament-hill-fire-100-years-ago-1.3428235

1917 – USA – Broke off diplomatic relations with Germany (WWI).


1918 – USA – Twin Peaks Tunnel, San Francisco opened. https://youtu.be/aFjap6Fva_E https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twin_Peaks_Tunnel

1931 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Napier, 258 killed. https://youtu.be/hut7O3xwnHo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-6

1942 – South East Asia – Battle of Ambon ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ambon


1943 – North Atlantic Ocean – SS Dorchester torpedoed and sank (WWII). https://youtu.be/8ewJp8HhYzA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Dorchester


1944 – Marshall Islands – Battle of Kwajalein ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/Qfue3L0p7DU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kwajalein


1945 – Philippines – Battle of Manila began (WWII). https://youtu.be/UdfxZrqvq1c WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_(1945)

1945 – Philippines – Santo Tomas Internment Camp liberated (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santo_Tomas_Internment_Camp

1946 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Carlisle, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460203-0

1951 – Cameroon – Air France plane crashed near Buéa, 29 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510203-0

1953 – São Tomé Island – Batepá Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batep%C3%A1_massacre


1959 – USA – Plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, 4 killed including Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper and Roger Peterson. https://youtu.be/r9M6u7-9yNE  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Day_the_Music_Died

1961 – USA – Operation Looking Glass began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Looking_Glass

1967 – Australia – Ronald Ryan last person to be executed in Australia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Ryan

1972 – Iran – Blizzard started, 4,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Iran_blizzard

1972 – Japan – XI Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Sapporo. http://www.olympic.org/sapporo-1972-winter-Olympics

1984 – USA – Space Shuttle Challenger launched. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-41B.html

1995 – USA – Eileen Collins first female to pilot Space Shuttle. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-63.html


1998 – Italy – Cavalese Cable Car disaster, 20 killed. https://youtu.be/12_qeyofOd8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/3/newsid_2527000/2527521.stm

2002 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Afyon, 44 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1798496.stm

2007 – Iraq – Bomb exploded in Baghdad market, 135 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3_February_2007_Baghdad_market_bombing

2008 – Congo – Earthquake measuring 5.9Mw, epicentre in Lake Kivu region, 39 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Lake_Kivu_earthquake

2014 – Russia – Moscow School Shooting, 2 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-26014836 http://murderpedia.org/male.G/g/gordeyev-sergey.htm

2015 – USA – Valhalla train crash. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/04/new-york-train-crash-kills-six-reports