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20 February

1339 – Italy – Battle of Parabiago began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Parabiago

1431 – Rome – Pope Martin V died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Martin_V

1472 – Orkney/Shetland – Pawned by Norway to Scotland in lieu of a dowry for Margaret of Denmark. http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/443/orkney-and-shetland-are-pawned-as-dowry

1547 – England – Coronation of Edward VI at West Westminster. http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=edward6

1792 – USA – Postal Service Act signed, established US Post Office Department. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/george-washington-signs-the-postal-service-act

1809 – Spain – Second Siege of Zaragoza ended (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Siege_of_Zaragoza

1813 – Argentina – Battle of Salta (Argentine War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Salta

1835 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 8Mw, followed by tsunami, destroyed Concepción, 50 killed. http://www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/RWA/research/current_research/chile-m-88-earthquake-page/darwins-description-of-the-.html

1846 – Poland – Kraków Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak%C3%B3w_Uprising

1858 – UK – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby became Prime Minister (Conservative). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/edward-smith-stanley-14th-earl-of-derby

1862 – USA – Battle of Valverde began (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Valverde

1864 – USA – Battle of Olustee, Florida (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/olustee.html

1865 – Uruguay – Uruguayan War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruguayan_War

1871 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Molokai, Hawaii. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1871_02_20.php

1872 – USA – Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York opened. http://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-museum/now-at-the-met/features/2012/this-weekend-in-met-history-february-20

1874 – UK – Benjamin Disraeli became Prime Minister (Conservative).  https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/benjamin-disraeli-the-earl-of-beaconsfield

1878 – Rome – Cardinal Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci became Pope Leo XIII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_XIII

1935 – Antarctica – Caroline Mikkelson, wife of a Norwegian whaling captain, first woman to set foot in Antarctica. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caroline_Mikkelsen

1942 – Australia – Qantas plane crashed near Brisbane-Archerfield Airport, QLD, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420220-1

1943 – Mexico – Parícutin volcano started to form. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/paricutin.html

1944 – Germany – Operation Argument began USAAF attacked Braunschweig, Hamburg & Leipzig, RAF attacked Stuttgart (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Week http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Paoshan, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440220-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Palmdale, CA, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440220-1

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Mangnung, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440220-2

1948 – Italy – Aerea Teseo plane crashed at Collesalvetti, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480220-0


1971 – USA – Emergency Broadcast System False Alarm. https://youtu.be/Yu4r79l8P8I  https://seanmunger.com/2014/02/20/we-interrupt-this-program-the-terrifying-ebs-false-alarm-of-1971/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_Broadcast_System

1987 – USA – Bomb exploded in a computer store, Salt Lake City.

1989 – UK – IRA bomb exploded at British Army barracks, Tern Hill. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/20/newsid_3417000/3417027.stm

2003 – USA – Fire at Station nightclub, West Warwick, Rhode Island, 100 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Station_nightclub_fire

2008 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Simeulue, 3 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/feb/20/indonesia

2009 – Sri Lanka – Two Tamil Tiger planes shot down. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/feb/21/sri-lanka-tamil-tigers-Colombo

2010 – Portugal – Floods and mudslides in Madeira Island, 43 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8526288.stm

2015 – Switzerland – Two trains crashed at Rafz Station, 49 killed.

York

1931 – Sellingtons (York) Ltd, printers, established.