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2 February

880 – Saxony – Battle of Lüneberg Heath. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Luneberg_Heath

962 – Holy Roman Empire – Otto I crowned Holy Roman Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1141 – England – Battle of Lincoln. http://burnpit.us/2013/02/battle-lincoln-rebellious-nobles-defeat-capture-king-stephen-during-anarchy

1428 – Spain – Earthquake measuring 7.0-9.0Mw.

1461 – England – Battle of Mortimer’s Cross, Hertfordshire (War of the Roses). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=25

1536 – Argentina – Buenos Aires founded by Pedro de Mendoza. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_de_Mendoza

1542 – Ethiopia – Battle of Baçente (Abyssinian-Adal War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ba%C3%A7ente

1626 – England – Coronation of Charles I at Westminster. http://westminster-abbey.org/our-history/royals/charles-i https://archive.org/details/mannerofcoronati02chur

1703 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw, epicentre in L’aquila, up to 5,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1703_Apennine_earthquakes

1769 – Rome – Pope Clement XIII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_XIII

1831 – Rome – Cardinal Bartolomeo Alberto Cappelari became Pope Gregory XVI. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_XVI

1848 – Mexico – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed ending Mexican-American War. http://www.history.com/topics/treaty-of-guadalupe-hidalgo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican%E2%80%93American_War

1848 – USA – First ship with Chinese immigrants arrived in San Francisco, California (California Gold Rush). http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/peopleevents/p_chinese.html

1868 – Japan – Fall of Osaka Castle. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Osaka_Castle

1887 – USA – First Groundhog Day observed in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/customer-support/education-resources/groundhog-day http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/02/150201-groundhog-day-punxsutawney-pennsylvania-phil-holiday-winter/


1901 – UK – Funeral of Queen Victoria. https://youtu.be/xVSqvq-A3SA  http://www.royal.gov.uk/The%20Royal%20Collection%20and%20other%20collections/TheRoyalArchives/QueenVictoriaeducationproject/QueenVictoriasFuneral.aspx

1913 – USA – Grand Central Terminal opened in New York. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/20/nyregion/the-birth-of-grand-central-terminal-100-years-later.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

1920 – Estonia/Russia – Tartu Peace Treaty signed (Estonia War of Independence). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Tartu_(Russian%E2%80%93Estonian)

1938 – USA – Two US Navy planes mid-air collision off San Clemente Island, California, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380202-0

1943 – USSR – Battle of Stalingrad ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/ZAsXB73TXSc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stalingrad

1943 – USSR – Battle of Voronzeh ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Voronezh_(1943)

1944 – Italy – Battle of Cisterna ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cisterna


1944 – Estonia – Battle of Narva began (WWII). https://youtu.be/MpyHojiW4yo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Narva_(1944)

1945 – USA – US Marine Corps plane crashed near Los Angeles, CA, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450202-2

1945 – Italy – USAAF plane crashed near Monteiri, 23 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450202-3

1946 – Myanmar – RAF plane crashed near Pegu, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460202-1

1946 – France – USAAF plane crashed near Aix-en-Provence, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460202-3

1950 – North Sea – KLM plane crashed off Dutch Coast, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500202-0

1953 – Canada – Skyways Avro York missing off Newfoundland, 39 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530202-0

1955 – India – Indian Airlines plane crashed at Nagpur, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550202-0


1959 – USSR – Daytlov Pass Incident. https://youtu.be/TmDsrFQwlEg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dyatlov_Pass_incident

1972 – Ireland – Bloody Sunday protest, Dublin, British Embassy destroyed.

1980 – Norway – Paralympic II Winter Games Opening Ceremony in Geilo. http://www.paralympic.org/geilo-1980

1982 – Syria – Hama Massacre. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_Hama_Massacre

2007 – Indonesia – Jakarta Flood began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Jakarta_flood

2012 – Vanuatu Region – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre off coast of Port Vila, Efate. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2012/usb0007uiv/

2016 – Somalia – Daallo Airlines Flight 3195 crashed near Mogadishu International Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20160202-0

York

1830 – Yorkshire Philosophical Society Museum opened. http://www.ypsyork.org/about-yps/yps-history/the-yorkshire-museum/