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19 February

197 – Roman Empire – Battle of Lugdunum. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lugdunum

607 – Rome – Boniface III became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boniface_III

1594 – Sweden – Coronation of Sigismund III. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigismund_III_Vasa

1600 – Peru – Huaynaputina erupted. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/huaynaputina.html

1649 – Brazil – Second Battle of Guararapes (Dutch-Portuguese War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Guararapes

1674 – England – Treaty of Westminster signed (Third Anglo-Dutch War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_(1674)

1807 – USA – Former President Aaron Burr arrested for treason, confined in Fort Stoddert. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/aaron-burr-arrested-for-treason

1819 – South Shetland Islands – Discovered by William Smith. http://media.lonelyplanet.com/shop/pdfs/2548-Antarctica_-_South_Shetland_Islands__Chapter_.pdf

1847 –USA – Donner Party found by rescuers. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/rescuers-reach-donner-party http://www.donnerpartydiary.com/jan47.htm

1853 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.9Mw, epicentre in Inverness, Scotland.

1861 – Russia – Serfdom abolished. http://www.historytoday.com/michael-lynch/emancipation-russian-serfs-1861-charter-freedom-or-act-betrayal http://academic.shu.edu/russianhistory/index.php/Alexander_II,_Emancipation_Manifesto,_1861

1876 – USA – National Amateur Press Association founded in Philidelphia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_Press_Association

1884 – USA – Enigma tornado outbreak. http://www.al.com/news/index.ssf/2015/04/the_mystery_of_alabamas_enigma.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enigma_tornado_outbreak

1915 – Otterman Empire – Dardanelles Campaign began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_operations_in_the_Dardanelles_Campaign

1928 – Switzerland – II Winter Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in St. Moritz. http://www.olympic.org/st-moritz-1928-winter-olympics

1936 – Ethiopia – Battle of Amba Aradam ended (Second Italo-Abyssinian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Amba_Aradam

1942 – Australia – Japanese warplane attack on Darwin, 243 killed. http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/japanese-bombing-of-darwin

1943 – Tunisia – Battle of Kaserine Pass began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kasserine_Pass

1944 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Leipzig (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Zeals RAF Station, 20 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450219-3


1945 – Japan – Battle of Iwo Jima began (WWII). https://youtu.be/JOy6yRAB6BY https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iwo_Jima

1949 – UK – BEA plane mid-air collision with RAF plane over Exhall, Warwickshire, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490219-0

1955 – USA – TWA Flight 260 crashed at Sadie Mountains, Albuquerque, NM, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550219-0

1960 – China – T-7 sounding rocket launched. http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/t7.htm

1972 – Japan – Asama-Sansō Incident began, 3 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asama-Sans%C5%8D_incident

1984 – Yugoslavia – XIV Winter Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Sarajevo. http://www.olympic.org/sarajevo-1984-winter-olympics

1985 – Spain – Iberia Flight 610 crashed at Mount Oiz, 148 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850219-1

1986 – Sri Lanka – Akkaraipattu Massacre, 80 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akkaraipattu_massacre


1986 – USSR – Mir Spacestation launched. https://youtu.be/UDtO1MYLbK4  https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4225/mir/mir.htm  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir

2003 – Iran – IRGCAF plane crashed near Kerman, 275 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/2782531.stm http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030219-0

2006 – Mexico – Methane explosion in coal mine near Nueva Rosita, 65 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pasta_de_Conchos_mine_disaster

2012 – Mexico – Prison riot in Apodaca, Nuevo León, 44 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apodaca_prison_riot