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14 February

1014 – Holy Roman Empire – Henry of Bavaria, king of Germany and Italy, became Holy Roman Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1130 – Rome – Cardinal Gregorio Papareschi became Pope Innocent II; a group of cardinals elect antiPope Anacletus II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_II http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antipope_Anacletus_II

1349 – France – Many Jews burned to death in Strasbourg, remainder forcibly removed from city. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/14069-strasburg

1400 – England – Richard II died in Pontefract Castle, aged 33. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=richard2

1556 – England – Thomas Cramner declared a heretic. http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/cranmerbio.htm

1779 – USA – Battle of Kettle Creek, Georgia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kettle_Creek

1779 – Hawaii – Captain James Cook killed near Kealakekua. http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/voyages/resolution/death.shtml

1797 – Portugal – Battle of St. Vincent (French Revolutionary War). http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/cape-st-vincent.htm

1831 – Ethiopia – Battle of Debre Abbay. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Debre_Abbay

1835 – USA – Quorum of the Twelve Apostles established in Kirtland, Ohio. http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles

1852 – UK – Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children founded in London. http://www.gosh.nhs.uk/about-us/our-history/

1859 – USA – Oregon became 33rd State. http://www.50states.com/oregon.htm

1899 – USA – Voting machines approved by US Congress for federal elections. http://americanhistory.si.edu/vote/reform.html

1903 – USA – US Department of Commerce and Labour established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Department_of_Commerce

1912 – USA – Arizona became 48th State. http://www.50states.com/arizona.htm#.VsAZINLcvcs

1912 – USA – First diesel powered submarine commissioned, Groton, Connecticut. http://inventors.about.com/od/militaryhistoryinventions/a/Military_Subs.htm


1913 – UK – Memorial service for Captain Scott and comrades, held at St. Paul’s Cathedral, London. https://youtu.be/DLQTyiqTXk8

1918 – USSR – Adopted Gregorian calendar. http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/julian-gregorian-switch.html

1919 – Europe – Polish-Soviet War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish%E2%80%93Soviet_War

1920 – USA – League of Women Voters founded, Chicago, Illinois. http://www.lwv.org/history


1929 – USA – St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, Chicago Illinois, 7 killed. https://youtu.be/vpOggnTqMBA https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Valentine%27s_Day_Massacre

1942 – Singapore – Battle of Pasir Panjang ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pasir_Panjang

1942 – Australia – WR Carpenter plane crashed near Cairns Airport, 2 killed.http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420214-0

1943 – Tunisia – Battle of Sidi Bou Zid began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sidi_Bou_Zid

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at San Francisco Bay, California, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430214-0

1943 – USSR – Rostov-on-Don, liberated (WWII).

1944 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Santa Ana-El Toro MCAS, CA, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440214-3

1945 – Czechoslovakia – USAAF bombing of Prague (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1945_Bombing_of_Prague

1945 – Bosnia & Herzegovina – Mostar liberated (WWII).

1945 – USA – Diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia began.

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Oblong, IL, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450214-1

1946 – UK – Bank of England nationalized. http://www.dmo.gov.uk/index.aspx?page=About/BOE_history

1947 – USA – Slick Airways plane crashed at Denver, CO, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470214-0

1949 – Israel – Knesset (Parliament) convened for first time.

1949 – Canada – Asbestos Strike began. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/asbestos-strike/

1950 – China – Battle of Tianquan began (Chinese Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tianquan

1951 – Colombia – LANSA plane crashed near Yalí, Antioquia, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510214-0

1952 – Norway – VI Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Oslo. http://www.olympic.org/oslo-1952-winter-olympics

1966 – Australia – Currency decimalised.


1981 – Ireland – Fire at Stardust nightclub, Dublin, 48 killed. http://youtu.be/tImV1U8pYHI  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stardust_fire

1983 – USA – US Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapsed. http://www.knoxnews.com/news/local-news/carnival-and-collapse-1980s-brought-worlds-fair

1990 – India – Indian Airlines Flight 605 crashed near Bangalore-Hindustan Airport, 92 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19900214-2

1998 – Cameroon – Oil tanker train and freight train collided in Yaoundé. Oil scavenger dropped cigarette, caused explosion, 120 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/56758.stm

2004 – Russia – Transvaal Water Park roof, Moscow, collapsed, 25+ killed. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/2004-02-14-moscow-pool_x.htm

2004 – Pakistan – Earthquake measuring 5.5Mw, epicentre in Sirsanai, 24 killed. http://asc-india.org/lib/20040214-nwfp.htm

2005 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.3Mw, epicentre in Conwy, Snowdonia, Wales. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/4265859.stm

2008 – USA – Northern Illinois University shooting, 6 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.K/k/kazmierczak.htm

2008 – Armenia – Belavia Flight 1834 crashed at Yerevan-Zvartnots Airport, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20080214-0

2011 – Bahrain – Day of Rage (Bahraini Uprising). http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/feb/25/thousands-join-day-of-rage-across-middle-east

2011 – Honduras – Central American Airways Flight 731 crashed at El Espino, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110214-0

York

1777 – Press Gang left York.