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13 February

1130 – Rome – Pope Honorius II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_II

1247 – England – Earthquake, epicentre in London.

1322 – England – Central tower of Ely Cathedral fell. http://www.engineering-timelines.com/scripts/engineeringItem.asp?id=491

1462 – England/Scotland – Treaty of Westminster finalised. http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/usbiography/mac/johnmacdonaldii.html

1503 – Italy – Disfida di Barletta tournament. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Challenge_of_Barletta

1542 – England – Catherine Howard, Henry VIII’s fifth wife, executed for adultery. http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=catherine_howard

1575 – France – Coronation of Henry III. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III_of_France

1633 – Italy – Galileo Galilei’s trial before the Inquisition began in Rome. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/galileo/galileoaccount.html

1660 – Sweden – Charles X Gustaf died, Charles XI became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_X_Gustav_of_Sweden   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_XI_of_Sweden

1689 – England – Mary II became queen. William III (of Orange) became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=william3


1692 – Scotland – Massacre of Glencoe (Jacobite Uprising). https://youtu.be/oMYTMMdFQi8  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_Glencoe

1755 – Java – Treaty of Giyanti signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Giyanti

1782 – Saint Kitts – Siege of Brimstone Hill ended (Anglo-French War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Brimstone_Hill

1817 – Argentina/Chile – Crossing of the Andes ended (Argentine & Chilean Wars of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crossing_of_the_Andes

1867 – Belgium – Start of covering the Zenne river, Brussels, to create central boulevards. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Covering_of_the_Senne

1881 – France – La Citoyenne newspaper first published by activist Hubertine Auclert. http://www.encyclopedia.com/article-1G2-2591300649/auclert-hubertine-18481914.html http://fhs.dukejournals.org/content/32/1/63.abstract

1914 – USA – The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASCAP


1920 – USA – Negro National League (Baseball) founded. https://youtu.be/0udcvoq662w http://www.negroleaguebaseball.com/history101.html

1931 – India – New Delhi became the capital. http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/13-february-1931-new-delhi-became-the-capital-of-india

1934 – Arctic Ocean – SS Chelyuskin sank. http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?173193


1935 – USA – Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnapping and murdering The Lindbergh baby, Flemington, New Jersey. https://youtu.be/8RvUcGC4sYk  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0213.html http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Hauptmann/AccountHauptmann.html

1938 – Italy – Ala Littoria plane crashed off Sardinia, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380213-0

1942 – Singapore – Battle of Pasir Panjang began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pasir_Panjang

1943 – Brazil – Aerovias Brasil plane crashed near Bom Jesus da Lapa, BA, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430213-0

1943 – USSR – Battle of Krasney Bor ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Krasny_Bor

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Grenada AAF, MS, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440213-0

1945 – Hungary – Siege of Budapest ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Budapest

1945 – Germany – Bombing of Dresden by Allied forces began (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Oakland NAS, CA, 24 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450213-3

1946 – UK – RCAF plane crashed near Warlingham, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460213-0

1946 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Lee-on-Solent, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460213-1

1947 – Czech Republic – CSA plane crashed near Kladno, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470213-0

1951 – South Korea – Battle of Chipyong-ni began (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chipyong-ni

1953 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Swinderby RAF Station, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530213-0

1953 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Moji, Hnshu Island, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530213-1

1955 – Italy – Sebena plane crashed at Monte Terminillo, 29 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550213-0

1955 – Israel – Obtained 4 of the 7 Dead Sea Scrolls. http://www.deadseascrolls.org.il/explore-the-archive/manuscript/1Q8-1?locale=en_US

1956 – Canada – Maritime Central Airways plane crashed near Frobisher Bay Airport, NU, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560213-0

1960 – France – Became the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons. http://www.ctbto.org/specials/testing-times/13-february-1960-the-first-french-nuclear-test/

1960 – USA – First of the Nashville sit-ins, staged by Black college students. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/nashville_sit_ins.htm


1961 – USA – Coso Artefact found near Olancha, California. http://youtu.be/ZR86JqKP8BQ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coso_artifact

1963 – Taiwan – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre offshore Sumao, 3 killed.

1972 – Japan – XI Winter Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Sapporo. http://www.olympic.org/sapporo-1972-winter-olympics


1975 – USA – Fire at World Trade Centre, New York. https://youtu.be/H6HoQ5f5frw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/wtc_1975_fire.html


1978 – Australia – Bomb exploded outside Hilton Hotel, Sydney, 3 killed. https://youtu.be/_OodValxoZs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Hilton_bombing

1979 – USA – Windstorm sank part of Hood Canal Bridge. http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=5501

1980 – USA – XIII Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Lake Placid. http://www.olympic.org/lake-placid-1980-winter-olympics

1981 – USA – Sewer explosions destroyed 2 miles of streets in Louiseville, Kentucky. http://kynghistory.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/585599D9-070A-4F23-8410-92995B1A8177/0/LouisvilleSewerExplosion13Feb1981.pdf

1982 – Guatemala – Rio Negro Massacre. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%ADo_Negro_massacre

1983 – Italy – Fire at Statuto Cinema, Turin, 74 killed. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cinema-burns-in-turin

1988 – Canada – XV Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Calgary. http://www.olympic.org/calgary-1988-winter-olympics

1996 – Nepal – Nepalese Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepalese_Civil_War

2001 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Southern Sumatra.

2002 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.0Mw, epicentre in South Wales.

2008 – Australia – Prime Minister Kevin Rudd made apology to Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations. http://www.nsdc.org.au/stolen-generations/history-of-the-stolen-generations/the-history-of-the-stolen-generations

2010 – India – Bomb exploded in Pune, Maharashtra, 17 killed.

2011 – USA – Umatilla tribe able to hunt and harvest bison outside Yellowstone National Park, restoring a tradition. http://www.npr.org/2011/02/26/134060177/back-to-tradition-bringing-home-the-bison

2012 – French Guiana – European Vega rocket launched from Kourou. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-16986043

2013 – Ukraine – South Airlines Flight 8971 crashed at Donetsk Airport, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20130213-0

2014 – Belgium – Legalised Euthanasia for children. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-26181615

York

1988 – Announced that York racecource to invest £2.5m in a new 5 storey stand.

2013 – Power cut affected 26,000 homes in Acomb, Holgate, Dringhouses, Woodthorpe, Bishophill and city centre.