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12 February

1049 – Rome – Bruno von Eguisheim-Dagsburg became Pope Leo IX. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_IX

1429 – France – Battle of the Herrings (Hundred Years’ War). http://burnpit.legion.org/2015/02/battle-herrings-english-convoy-guards-defeat-frenchscottish-attackers

1541 – Chile – Santiago founded by Pedro de Valdivia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_de_Valdivia

1554 – England – Lady Jane Grey executed for treason. http://www.theanneboleynfiles.com/lady-jane-greys-execution/

1593 – Korea – Siege of Haengju (Japanese Invasion of Korea). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haengju

1689 – England – The Conventional Parliament declared James II’s flight to France in 1688 an abdication. http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensoftheUnitedKingdom/TheStuarts/MaryIIWilliamIIIandTheActofSettlement/MaryIIWilliamIII.aspx http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/england.asp

1733 – America – Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/james-oglethorpe-1696-1785

1771 – Sweden – Gustav III became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_III_of_Sweden

1814 – France – Battle of Château-Thierry (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ch%C3%A2teau-Thierry_(1814)

1814 – Venezuela – Battle of Victoria (Venezuelan War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_La_Victoria_(1814)

1816 – Italy – Fire at Teatro di San Carlo Oper House, Naples. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teatro_di_San_Carlo

1817 – Chile – Battle of Chacabuco (Chilean War of Independence). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chacabuco

1818 – Chile – Declared independence from Spain.

1825 – USA – Treaty of Indian Springs signed. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1453

1832 – Galápagos Islands – Seized by Ecuador.

1851 – Australia – Gold found in Bathurst, New South Wales, start of Australian Gold Rush. http://atlas.nsw.gov.au/public/nsw/home/topic/article/goldrush.html

1855 – USA – Michigan State University established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_State_University http://www.cqql.net/mac.htm

1894 – France – Bomb thrown into Paris’s Cafe Terminus by anarchist Émile Henry, one killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/8263858.stm

1909 – New Zealand – Inter-island ferry SS Penguin sank and exploded at entrance to Wellington Harbour. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/ss-em-penguin-em-wrecked-in-cook-strait

1912 – China – Emperor Xuantong abdicated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puyi


1914 – USA – Lincoln Memorial begun in Washington DC. https://youtu.be/F3l7wvOxuME http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/presidents/lincoln_memorial.html

1934 – Austria – Civil War began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_Civil_War


1935 – USA – Helium filled Airship USS Macon, crashed off coast of California. https://youtu.be/BU3fS22ZI9M http://www.airships.net/blog/uss-macon-wreck

1941 – China – CNAC plane crashed at Taohsien, Hunan, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410212-0

1946 – Myanmar – RAF plane crashed at Victoria Point, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460212-1

1946 – UK – Operation Deadnight ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Deadlight


1947 – USSR – Meteor created impact crater in Sikhote-Alin. http://youtu.be/45losqysM3c  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikhote-Alin_meteorite

1948 – Germany – DDL plane crashed at Ulrichstein, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480212-0

1954 – Malta – RAF plane crashed off Gozo, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540212-0


1961 – USSR – Venera I launched for Venus. https://youtu.be/7tRmE-yfJn4 http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1961-003A


1963 – USA – Construction of Gateway Arch, St. Louis began. https://youtu.be/i5axtPj2GyU https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gateway_Arch

1963 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 705 crashed in the Everglades, 43 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19630212-0

1966 – South Vietnam – Bình An/Tây Vinh Massacre began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%ACnh_An/T%C3%A2y_Vinh_massacre

1968 – South Vietnam – Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat Massacre (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nh%E1%BB%8B_and_Phong_Nh%E1%BA%A5t_massacre

1979 – Zimbabwe – Air Rhodesia Flight 827 shot down, 59 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790212-1

1993 – UK – James Bulger abducted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_James_Bulger

1994 – Norway – XVII Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Lillehammer. http://www.olympic.org/lillehammer-1994-winter-olympics

2002 – Iran – Iran Air Tours Flight 956 crashed near Sarab-e Do Rah, 119 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20020212-0

2004 USA – San Francisco, California began issuing marriage certificates to same-sex couples.


2009 – USA – Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashed into a house in Clarence Centre, Buffalo, NY, 50 killed. https://youtu.be/rkUok5V-vN8  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20090212-0

2010 – Canada – XXI Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Vancouver. http://www.olympic.org/vancouver-2010-winter-olympics

2014 – USA – Snow & ice storm affected southern and eastern areas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_11%E2%80%9317,_2014_North_American_winter_storm

York

1687 – An Earthquake was felt in York, Gate-Fulford and Naburn.

1877 – Fire at St Oswald’s Church, Fulford.

2011 – Art in Yorkshire programme launched.