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1 February

772 – Rome – Pope Stephen III died. Adrian I became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_III http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Adrian_I

1119 – Rome – Guy de Vienne became Pope Calixtus II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Calixtus_II

1411 – Poland – First Peace of Thorn signed (Polish-Lithuanian-Teitonic War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Thorn_(1411)

1691 – Rome – Pope Alexander VIII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_VIII

1733 – Poland – King Frederick Augustus II died, aged 39. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Augustus_I,_Elector_of_Saxony

1790 – USA – Supreme Court of the United States held for first time in New York. http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/institution.aspx

1793 – France – Declared War on UK and Netherlands (French Revolutionary Wars).

1796 – Canada (Upper) – Capital moved from Newark to York. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York,_Upper_Canada

1809 – UK – Earthquake, epicentre in Strontian, Lochaber, Scotland.

1814 – Philippines – Mayon Volcano erupted, 1,200 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayon_Volcano#1814_eruption

1835 – Mauritius – Slavery abolished.

1861 – USA – Texas withdrew from the US (American Civil War).


1864 – Denmark – Second Schleswig War began. https://youtu.be/b7rFKbfnCJU https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Schleswig_War

1865 – USA – Abraham Lincoln signed the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/13thamendment.html

1884 – UK – First volume of Oxford English Dictionary published (A to Ant). http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/oxford-dictionary-debuts

1886 – UK – William Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-ewart-gladstone

1893 – USA – First motion picture studio the Black Maria, built by Thomas A Edison in West Orange, New Jersey. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edison%27s_Black_Maria

1897 – South Korea – The Shinhan Bank opened in Seoul. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shinhan_Bank

1908 – Portugal – King Carlos I and Prince Luis Filipe killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_I_of_Portugal

1918 – Russia – Adopted the Gregorian Calendar. http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/gregorian-calendar.html

1920 – Canada – Royal Mounted Police started. http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/hist/index-eng.htm


1942 – Micronesia – Marshall-Gilberts Raids (WWII). https://youtu.be/_GyId2PILY0  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshalls%E2%80%93Gilberts_raids

1944 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Gerede, Bolu, 3,959 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1944_Bolu%E2%80%93Gerede_earthquake

1944 – Finland – Lufwaffe plane crashed at Aekenustunturi, Lapland, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440201-1

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Kaneohe NAS, Oahu, HI, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450201-0

1946 – Hungary – Parliament abolished monarchy, proclaimed a republic.

1947 – Portugal – Air France plane crashed near Lisboa-Portela de Saccavém Airport, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470201-0

1951 – USSR – Soviet Air Force plane crashed at Khabarovsk Krai, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510201-0

1957 – USA – Northern Airlines Flight 823, crashed at Rikers Island, NY, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19570201-0

1960 – USA – First of the Greensboro sit-ins, North Carolina. http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/6-legacy/freedom-struggle-2.html

1965 – Canada – Hamilton River renamed Churhill River. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Churchill_River_(Atlantic)

1968 – Canada – Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force unified into Canadian Forces. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Armed_Forces

1972 – Malaysia – Kuala Lumpar became a city.


1974 – Brazil – Fire at Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, 189 killed. http://youtu.be/oumnaW0jmU0  http://seanmunger.com/2015/02/01/the-towering-inferno-for-real-the-story-of-the-joelma-building-disaster/

1979 – Iran – The Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran, after 15 years exile.

1989 – Australia – Kalgoorlie and Boulder merge to become City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.

1991 – Saudi Arabia – Battle of Khafji ended (Gulf War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Khafji


1991 – USA – US Air Flight 1493 & SkyWest MetroII Flight 5569 collided at Los Angeles International Airport, 34 killed. https://youtu.be/jNxGFszTnyQ   http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19910201-0

1998 – USA – Lillian E Fishburne became first female African American Rear Admiral. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lillian_E._Fishburne


2003 – USA – Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated on re-entry, 7 killed. https://youtu.be/8bGHkVVFoIY  http://www.history.com/topics/columbia-disaster

2004 – Saudi Arabia – Stampede at Haji Pilgrimage, 251 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incidents_during_the_Hajj#Failures_in_crowd_control


2013 – UK – The Shard, London, opened to the public. http://youtu.be/PIqTIB7R5zc http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Shard