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9 December

730 – Iran – Battle of Marj Ardabil (Second Arab-Khazar War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Marj_Ardabil

1565 – Rome – Pope Pius IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_IV

1669 – Rome – Pope Clement IX died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clement_IX

1775 – America – Battle of Great Bridge (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Great_Bridge

1793 – USA – The American Minerva newspaper established in New York City by Noah Webster. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/29/books/review/book-review-the-forgotten-founding-father-noah-websters-obsession-and-the-creation-of-an-american-culture-by-joshua-kendall.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

1824 – Peru – Battle of Ayacucho (Peruvian War of Independence). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ayacucho

1851 – Canada – YMCA established in Montreal, Quebec. http://www.ymca.ca/en/who-we-are/history.aspx

1897 – France – La Fronde newspaper first published. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Fronde_(newspaper)


1911 – USA – Explosion at Cross Mountain mine, Briceville, Tennessee, 84 killed. http://youtu.be/yMl9XItQ2IU  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_Mountain_Mine_disaster

1936 – UK – KLM Royal Dutch Airlines plane crashed near Croydon Airport, London, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19361209-0

1938 – Netherlands – KLM Royal Dutch Airlines plane crashed at Amsterdam-Schiphol Municipal Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19381209-0

1940 – Egypt/Libya – Operation Compass began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Compass

1941 – Republic of China, Cuba, Guatemala, Rebulic of Korea & Philippines Commonwealth – Declared war on Germany & Japan (WWII).

1942 – Atlantic Ocean – USAAF plane crashed near Ascension Island, 10 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421209-0

1944 – Myanmar – USAAF plane crashed near Warazup, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441209-1

1946 – Germany – Doctors’ Trial began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctors%27_trial

1949 – China – Civil Air Transport plane crashed near Lanzhou, 38 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491209-0

1949 – Serbia – TARS plane crashed at Beograd Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491209-1

1949 – Mexico – Fuerza Aérea Mexicana plane missing off Baja California, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491209-2

1953 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Newton Falls, OH, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531209-0

1955 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed at Tordoki Yani, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551209-0

1955 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed in Tyumen Region, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551209-1

1956 – Canada – Trans Canada Air Lines Flight 810-9 crashed at Mount Slesse, British Columbia, 62 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19561209-1

1960 – UK – First episode of Coronation Street broadcast. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronation_Street


1961 – Tanganyika – Independence from UK. https://youtu.be/gkgD9TmTOOo http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1961/1/pdfs/ukpga_19610001_en.pdf


1962 – USA – Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona established. https://youtu.be/068GcVD3VaE http://www.nps.gov/pefo/planyourvisit/brief-administrative-history.htm


1965 – USA – Kecksburg UFO incident. https://youtu.be/4LKHUKND1JQ  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kecksburg_UFO_incident

1966 – Barbados – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1970 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Ecuador. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970_Peru%E2%80%93Ecuador_earthquake

1971 – United Arab Emirates – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1973 – UK – Sunningdale Agreement signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunningdale_Agreement

1988 – Ireland – Michael Hughes Bridge, Sligo opened. http://www.sligotown.net/hughes-bridge.shtml

1998 – Algeria – Tadjena Massacre ended, 81 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadjena_massacre

2003 – Russia – Suicide bomber in Red Square, 6 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3302765.stm

2007 – Fiji Islands – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw, epicentre south of Fiji Islands. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007ksak/

2012 – Mexico – Learjet 25 plane crashed near Iturbide, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20121209-0

2013 – Indonesia – Train crash in Bintaro, 7 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-25263551

York

1934 – Dame Judi Dench born (actress). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judi_Dench