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8 December

395 – China – Battle of Canhe Slope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Canhe_Slope


1660 – England – Either Margaret Hughes or Anne Marshall became first female to play Desdemona on a public stage. https://youtu.be/aI2R4USQcak https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Hughes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Marshall

1812 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Wrightwood, California, 42 killed. http://www.wrightwoodcalif.com/ww1812quake.html


1813 – Austria – Premier of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7 in Vienna. https://youtu.be/ahvrHrPGi1k  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._7_(Beethoven)

1861 – Mexico – French Intervention in Mexico began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_intervention_in_Mexico

1907 – Sweden – Gustaf V became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustaf_V_of_Sweden


1914 – Falkland Islands – Battle of the Falkland Islands (WWI). http://youtu.be/GZrO1GgFyps http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/falkland.html


1922 – Ireland – Partition of Ireland began. https://youtu.be/dCJMQgfHXNI  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_of_Ireland

1937 – France – Air France plane crashed at Valance, Drôme, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19371208-0

1941 – Philippines – Philippines Campaign began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines_Campaign_(1941%E2%80%9342)

1941 – British Malaya – Malayan Campaign began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayan_Campaign


1941 – Hong Kong – Battle of Hong Kong began (WWII). https://youtu.be/6CJJhqSXSuQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong


1941 – Wake Island – Battle of Wake Island began (WWII). https://youtu.be/Os3PmiXl3DU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wake_Island

1941 – Egypt – RAF plane shot down, 1 killed (WWII).  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411208-2

1941 – Papua New Guinea – RAAF plane crashed near Port Moresby, 8 killed (WWII). . http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411208-6

1945 – USA – Northwest Airlines plane crashed near Billing Municipal Airport, MT, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451208-1

1950 – Central African Republic – TAI plane crashed near Bangui Airport, 46 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501208-0

1950 – France – Air Atlas plane crashed near Col de l’Ouillat, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501208-1

1951 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Ashiya Air Base, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511208-0

1954 – Greece – Royal Hellenic Air Force plane crashed at Elefsis Air Base, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541208-1

1955 – Europe – Flag of Europe adopted by the Council of Europe. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Europe


1956 – Australia – XVI Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Melbourne. https://youtu.be/EDA5BvvtDsM http://www.olympic.org/melbourne-stockholm-1956-summer-Olympics

1963 – USA – Pan Am Flight 214 crashed near Elkton, Maryland, 81 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19631208-0

1966 – Aegean Sea – SS Heraklion sank, 200+ killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Heraklion

1969 – Greece – Olympic Airways Flight 954 crashed into Mount Parnes, 90 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19691208-0

1971 – Arabian Sea – Operation Python began (Indo-Pakistani War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Python

1972 – USA – United Airlines Flight 553 crashed near Chicago Midway International Airport, 45 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19721208-1

1972 – Pakistan – Pakistan International Airlines Flight 631 crashed near Jalkot, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19721208-2


1980 – USA – Former Beatle, John Lennon murdered. https://youtu.be/EjU7VMj94ss WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_John_Lennon

1987 – USA – Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermediate-Range_Nuclear_Forces_Treaty

1987 – Australia – Gunman at Australia Post, Melbourne, 8 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.V/v/vitkovic-frank.htm

1987 – Peru – Peruvian Navy plane crashed near Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport, 42 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19871208-1

1987 – Israel – First Intifada began (Israeli-Palestinian Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Intifada

1988 – West Germany – USAF plane crashed in Remscheid, 6 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_Remscheid_A-10_crash

1998 – Algeria – Tadjena Massacre began, 81 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadjena_massacre

2009 – Iraq – Car bombs exploded in Baghdad, 127 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/8400865.stm

2013 – Singapore – Little India Riot. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-25294918 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Little_India_riot

York

1659 – High winds damaged Minster and many houses.

1922 – Miss Doris Grisdale gave a dramatic recetital at the Assembly Rooms.