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5 December

1484 – Rome – Pope Innocent VIII issued the Summis Desiderantes papal bull. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/witches1.html

1590 – Rome – Cardinal Niccolò Sfondrati became Pope Gregory XIV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_XIV

1757 – Prussian Selesia (Poland) – Battle of Leuthen (Seven Years’ War). http://www.britishbattles.com/frederick/battle-leuthen.htm

1766 – GB – Christies first sale in London. http://www.christies.com/about-us/company/overview/

1815 – Brazil – Maceió founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macei%C3%B3

1876 – USA – Fire at Brooklyn Theatre, 278 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brooklyn_Theatre_fire

1905 – UK – Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/henry-campbell-bannerman


1934 – Abyssinia – Walwal incident began (Abyssinia Crisis). https://youtu.be/FXutg9lguEE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abyssinia_Crisis#The_Walwal_incident

1937 – Italy – Imperial Airways plane crashed at Brindisi, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19371205-0

1941 – UK – Declared war on Finland, Hungary & Romania (WWII).

1943 – UK – RCAF plane crashed at Knocklayd Mountain, County Antrim, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431205-0

1944 – France – RAF plane crashed near Mijanés, 18 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441205-4

1944 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Zhinaxiang, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441205-5

1944 – Myanmar – USAAF plane crashed in Kuyung district, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441205-6

1945 – USA – US Navy plane “Flight 19” missing near Cape Canaveral, FL, 14 killed (WWII). http://youtu.be/EAF0SnsoLfU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451205-0

1948 – China – Central Air Transport plane crashed at Kiangwan, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481205-0

1948 – Germany – USAF plane crashed near Fassberg, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481205-1

1948 – USA – USAF plane crashed off Hawaii, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481205-2


1952 – UK – A cold fog combined with air pollution (smog) descended on London, 12,000 killed in following weeks and months. https://youtu.be/Vkx-2mT1-q4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/9/newsid_4506000/4506390.stm

1954 – Kazakhstan – Aeroflot plane crashed near Alma-Ata, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541205-0


1955 – USA – Montgomery Bus Boycott began. https://youtu.be/dRprVK7EY-c http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/


1958 – UK – Preston bypass opened, now part of M6 and M55 motorways. https://youtu.be/khZQ4xqQJCM   http://www.ciht.org.uk/motorway/stats.htm

1971 – Arabian Sea – Operation Trident ended (Indo-Pakistani War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Trident_(1971)

2004 – UK – Civil Partnership Act came into effect. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2004/33/contents

2005 – Tanzamia – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Lake Tanganyika, 6 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4499938.stm

2007 – USA – Gunman at Westroads Mall, Omaha, Nebraska, 8 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hawkins-robert.htm

2012 – Iran – Earthquake measuring 5.6Mw, epicentre in Zohan, 8 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20617496

2013 – Yemen – Car bomb exploded in Sana’a, 56 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/05/yemen-suicide-car-bomb-attack-hallmarks-al-Qaida


2014 – USA – Orion Spacecraft first launch. https://youtu.be/DlkjMnWNjic https://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/orion/index.html