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23 December

484 – Vandal Kingdom – Huneric died Gunthamund became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huneric https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunthamund

558 – Francia – Coronation of Chlothar I. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlothar_I

583 – Palenque – Yohl Ik’nal became queen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yohl_Ik%27nal

619 – Rome – Boniface V became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boniface_V

679 – Austrasia – Dagabert II killed whilst hunting Theuderic III became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dagobert_II https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theuderic_III

1248 – England – Earthquake, epicentre in Somerset. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1572 – Germany – Johann Sylvan executed for heresy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sylvan

1688 – England – James II fled to Paris, France.

1793 – France – Battle of Savenay (War in the Vendee). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Savenay

1815 – UK – Emma by Jane Austin first published. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_(novel)

1876 – Turkey – Constantinople Conference began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantinople_Conference


1893 – Germany – Engelbert Humperdinck’s opera Hansel and Gretel first performed in Weimar, conducted by Richard Strauss. https://youtu.be/fyV80L9d0bk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hansel_and_Gretel_(opera)

1913 – USA – Federal Reserve System established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Reserve_System

1916 – Egypt – Battle of Magdhaba (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Magdhaba

1919 – UK – Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act became law. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Geo5/9-10/71/contents

1938 – Spain – Catalonia Offensive began (Spanish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catalonia_Offensive


1941 – Wake Island – Battle of Wake Island ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/Os3PmiXl3DU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wake_Island

1942 – USSR – Operation Winter Storm ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Winter_Storm

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Brown Willy, Bodmin Moor, Cornwall, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431223-0

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1946 – Brazil – FAMA plane crashed near Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461223-1

1948 – Spain – Iberia plane crashed near Gandesa, 27 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481223-0

1948 – Russia – Two Aeroflot planes crashed at Valuyevo, Moskovskaya Region, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481223-1


1958 – Japan – Tokyo Tower opened. http://youtu.be/X_n0tisiaqU  http://www.tokyotower.co.jp/eng/

1970 – USA – North Tower of World Trade Centre, Manhattan New York City topped out. http://www.panynj.gov/wtcprogress/history-twin-towers.html

1972 – Nicaragua – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Managua, 6,000 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/23/newsid_2540000/2540045.stm

1972 – Norway – Braathens SAFE Flight 239 crashed at Fornebu Airport, Oslo, 40 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19721223-0


1972 – Argentina – Survivors of FAU plane crash rescued. https://youtu.be/Ptyi89sNPq4  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruguayan_Air_Force_Flight_571#December_1972

1978 – Italy – Alitalia Flight 4128 crashed off coast, 108 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19781223-0

1979 – Turkey – THY plane crashed near Ankara-Esenboga Airport, 41 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19791223-1

1985 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Nahanni. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985_Nahanni_earthquakes

1997 – Algiers – Sid El-Antri Massacre began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sid_El-Antri_massacre

2003 – China – Natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, 234 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3347769.stm

2004 – Iraq – Second Battle of Fallujah ended (Iraq War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Fallujah

2004 – Macquarie Islands – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw, epicentre 495km north of Macquarie Island. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2004/ussjal/

2015 – Turkey – Sabiha Gökçen Airport Bombing. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Sabiha_G%C3%B6k%C3%A7en_Airport_bombing