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22 December

401 – Rome – Innocent I became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Innocent_I

856 – Iran – Earthquake epicentre in Damghan, estimated up to 200,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/856_Damghan_earthquake

1135 – England – Stephen (of Blois) became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=stephen

1216 – Rome – Papal Bull Religiosam Vitam issued. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religiosam_vitam

1522 – Greece – Siege of Rhodes ended (Ottoman Wars in Europe). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Rhodes_(1522)

1622 – Colombia – Bucaramanga founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bucaramanga

1698 – Japan – Tsunami struck Seikaido-Nankaido.

1769 – Burma – Sino-Burmese War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Burmese_War_(1765%E2%80%9369)

1790 – Ottoman Empire – Siege of Izmail (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Izmail

1807 – USA – Embargo Act signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embargo_Act_of_1807


1808 – Austria – Ludwig van Beethoven gave 4 hour concert to premier Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto & Choral Symphony. https://youtu.be/iQGm0H9l9I4?list=PLVt6in7qrfx4d5X1AwM1ztZLzMokaZPu8 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beethoven_concert_of_22_December_1808

1851 – India – First freight train operated in Roorkee.

1885 – Japan – Itō Hirobumi became Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/It%C5%8D_Hirobumi

1890 – Canada – Cornwallis Valley Railway opened, Nova Scotia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornwallis_Valley_Railway


1894 – France – Dreyfus Affair began. https://youtu.be/WcbkaqfPxfY  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dreyfus_affair

1914 – Russian Empire – Battle of Sarikamish began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sarikamish

1936 – China – First Chinese Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War


1937 – USA – Lincoln Tunnel opened to traffic in New York. https://youtu.be/mav9SgzAsfw    http://www.panynj.gov/bridges-tunnels/lincoln-tunnel-history.html

1940 – Albania – Battle of Himara ended (Greco-Italian War, WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Himara

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Frankfurt & Bonn (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Vietnam – People’s Army of Vietnam founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Army_of_Vietnam

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Nadens-Dawstore Farm, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441222-0

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Whitehill Copse, Ramsbury, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441222-1

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Jacksonville AAB, FL, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451222-0

1950 – Canada – CPAL Flight 4 crashed near Penticton, BC, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501222-0

1950 – Spain – Ejército del Aire plane crashed near Antequera, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501222-1

1951 – Malaya – Selangor Labour Party founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selangor_Labour_Party

1951 – Iran – Misrair plane crashed near Tehran, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511222-0

1952 – South Korea – Royal Hellenic Air Force plane crashed at Su Won Air Base, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521222-0

1954 – USA – Johnson Flying Service Flight 4844 crashed near Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541222-0

1955 – Germany – Manx Airlines plane crashed near Düsseldorf Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551222-0

1955 – UK – Spartan Air Services plane crashed of Kyleakin, Scotland, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551222-1


1963 – Portugal – Fire on cruise ship Lakonia, 128 killed. https://youtu.be/ZgACIrUo6Ok  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?37391

1965 – UK – 70mph speed limit applied on rural roads and Motorways.  http://www.information-britain.co.uk/famdates.php?id=280

1974 – Venezuela – AVENSA Flight 358 crashed near Maturin, 75 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19741222-1

1989 – Germany – Brandenburg Gate, Berlin re-opened. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/22/newsid_2539000/2539765.stm

1989 – Romania – President Nicolae Ceauşescu overthrown (Romanian Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolae_Ceau%C8%99escu

1990 – Poland – Lech Wałęsa became president. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lech_Wa%C5%82%C4%99sa

1991 – Georgia – Georgian Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_Civil_War

1997 – Mexico – Acteal Massacre, 45 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acteal_massacre


1999 – UK – Korean Air Flight 8509 crashed near Great Hallingbury, 4 killed. https://youtu.be/arzxN5k_fmk  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19991222-0

2003 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in San Simeon, California, 2 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3342185.stm

2008 – USA – Kingston Fossil Plant coal fly ash slurry spill. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingston_Fossil_Plant_coal_fly_ash_slurry_spill

2016 – Syria – Aleppo Offensive ended (Syrian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleppo_offensive_(November%E2%80%93December_2016)

2016 – Syria – Battle of Aleppo ended (Syrian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Aleppo_(2012%E2%80%932016)

 

York

1060 – Cynesige, Archbishop of York died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynesige

1896 – August Carlsen, last person to be executed in York. http://www.york-united-kingdom.co.uk/gallows/