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21 December

860 – England – Ethelbert, 3rd son of Æthelwulf, became king of Wessex. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=aethelbert

1124 – Rome – Lamberto Scannabecchi, cardinal of Ostia, became Pope Honorius II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_II

1140 – Germany – Siege of Weinsberg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Weinsberg

1361 – Spain – Battle of Linuesa (Reconquista). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Linuesa

1598 – Chile – Battle of Curalaba Arauco War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Curalaba

1620 – America – Mayflower Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, Plymouth, Massachusetts. http://americanhistory.si.edu/press/fact-sheets/plymouth-rock

1812 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Santa Barbara Channel, California. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1812_12_21.php

1826 – USA – Fredonian Rebellion began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fredonian_Rebellion

1832 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Konya (Egyptian-Ottoman War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Konya

1844 – UK – Cooperative movement started business by Rochdale Pioneers. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/manchester/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_8838000/8838778.stm


1872 – UK – Challenger Expedition started from Plymouth. https://youtu.be/52r6GESJH_A   http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/science-of-natural-history/expeditions-collecting/hms-challenger-expedition/

1883 – Canada – Royal Canadian Dragoons & Royal Canadian Regiment founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Royal_Canadian_Dragoons https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Royal_Canadian_Regiment

1907 – Chile – Santa María School Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Mar%C3%ADa_School_massacre

1910 – UK – Explosion at Hulton Bank Colliery, Westhoughton, 344 killed http://www.boltonmuseums.org.uk/bolton-archives/pretoria-pit-disaster/

1919 – USA – Anarchist Emma Goldman deported to Russia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_Goldman#Deportation

1923 – Nepal – Nepal-Britain Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal%E2%80%93Britain_Treaty_of_1923

1932 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Cedar Mountain. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1932_12_21.php

1939 – Malta – BOAC plane crashed off shore, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19391221-0

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1941 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Mount Batten RAF Seaplane Station, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411221-0

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Mannesmann factory, Düsseldorf (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Ecuador & Iraq – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1946 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw, epicentre in Nankaidō followed by tsunami, 1300 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1946_Nankai_earthquake

1948 – Hong Kong – Civil Air Transport plane crashed at Basalt Island, 33 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481221-0

1948 – USSR – Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs plane crashed at Raiiz Mountain Range, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481221-1

1948 – Greece – CSA Flight 584 crashed near Pilos, 24 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481221-3

1952 – USA – RANSA plane missing off Miami, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521221-0

1952 – Syria – Syrian Airways plane crashed near En Nebk, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521221-1

1955 – USA – Eastern Air Lines Flight 642 crashed near Jacksonville-Thomas Cole Imeson Municipal Airport, FL, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551221-0

1955 – Kazakhstan – Aeroflot plane crashed near Balkhash Lake, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551221-1

1962 – Norway – Rondane National Park founded. http://www.visitnorway.com/uk/Where-to-go-uk/East/Rondane-National-Park/Key-facts-about-Rondane-National-Park/


1968 – USA – Apollo 8 launched. https://youtu.be/Vn00BvWwke0  http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/as08/a08.htm


1988 – Scotland – A bomb exploded on board Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, 270 killed. https://youtu.be/JUDE5Gf_Csc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/21/newsid_2539000/2539447.stm  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19881221-0

1992 – Portugal – Martinair Holland Flight 495 crashed at Faro Airport, 56 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19921221-0

1994 – Mexico – Popocatepetl erupted gases and ash. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/popocatepetl.html

2004 – Iraq – Suicide Bomber in Mosul, 22 killed (Iraq War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Forward_Operating_Base_Marez_bombing

2010 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Bonin Islands. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12055111

2012 – Predicted by Mayan calendar to be end of the world. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_phenomenon

York

1871 – George Hudson’s funeral courtage passed through York on way to Scrayingham.