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20 December

69 – Roman Empire – Emperor Vitellius murdered. http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/vitellius.html

217 – Rome – Pope Zephyrinus died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Zephyrinus

860 – England – King Æthelbald died. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=aethelbald

1046 – Rome – Pope Gregory VI died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_VI

1192 – Austria – Richard the Lion Heart captured by Leopold V.

1334 – Rome/Avignon – Cardinal Jacques Fournier became Pope Benedict XII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_XII

1606 – England – The Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery departed with settlers of Jamestown, Virginia, America. http://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplistalpha.htm

1808 – Spain – Siege of Zaragoza began (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Siege_of_Zaragoza

1832 – Falkland Islands – Reassertion of British Sovereignty began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reassertion_of_British_sovereignty_over_the_Falkland_Islands_(1833)

1917 – Russia – The Cheka secret police founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheka

1934 – Iraq – KLM plane crashed near Rutbah Wells, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19341220-0

1942 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Erbaa, Tokat, 3000 killed.

1942 – India – Calcutta air raid by Japanese (WWII). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/50/a5756150.shtml

1942 – Canada – CPAL plane crashed near Vancouver, BC, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421220-2

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Frankfurt (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Italy – Battle of Ortona began (Italian Campaign, WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ortona

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Ironton, MO, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441220-2

1946 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw, epicentre in Wakayama Prefeture,1,330 killed.

1946 – Columbia – VIARCO plane crashed at Buenaventura, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461220-0

1950 – Libya – RAF plane crashed at Benghazi-Benina International Airport, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501220-0

1952 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Moses Lake-Larson AFB, WA, 87 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521220-0

1952 – Lebanon – MLD plane crashed at Daher el Abid Mountain, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521220-1

1953 – Northern Mariana Islands – US Navy plane crashed at Agrihan Island, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531220-1

1955 – Spain – Ejército del Aire plane crashed near La Granja, Segovia, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551220-0

1955 – Wales – Cardiff proclaimed capital city. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00gqqr2


1956 – USA – Montgomery Bus Boycott ended. https://youtu.be/dRprVK7EY-c http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/


1968 – USA – Betty Lou Jensen & David Faraday killed by Zodiac Killer. https://youtu.be/kxiJXka1CJI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zodiac_Killer#Lake_Herman_Road_attack

1971 – Pakistan – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zulfikar_Ali_Bhutto

1972 – USA – Delta Airlines Flight 954 and North Central Airlines Flight 575 collided at O’Hare International Airport, Chicago, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19721220-1

1973 – Spain – Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco assassinated in Madrid. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/20/newsid_2539000/2539129.stm


1984 – UK – Freight train derailed near Todmorden. https://youtu.be/w4Fcv_o96Ao WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/eventsummary.php?eventID=167


1987 – Philippines – Ferry Doña Paz collided with oil tanker Vector 1 in Tablas Strait, 1,749+ killed. https://youtu.be/8a7lDceHcc8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?59165


1995 – Colombia – American Airlines Flight 965 crashed at Buga, 159 killed. https://youtu.be/qUfnTf8EFfI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19951220-1

2004 – Northern Ireland – Northern Bank robbery, Donegall Square, Belfast. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/4117219.stm

2010 – Iran – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Sistan and Baluchestan. http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/12/20/iran.earthquake/

2013 – China/Bolivia – Túpac Katari 1 satellite launched. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%BApac_Katari_1