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19 December

401 – Rome – Pope Anastasius I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Anastasius_I

1154 – England – Coronation of Henry II at Westminster Abbey. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry2

1187 – Rome – Paulino Scolari became Pope Clement III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_III

1370 – Rome/Avignon – Pope Urban V died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_V

1562 – France – Battle of Dreux (French Wars of Religion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dreux

1675 – Rhode Island – Great Swamp Fight (King Philip’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Swamp_Fight

1783 – Britain – William Pitt the Younger became Prime Minister (Tory). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-pitt

1796 – Spain – Action of 19 December (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_19_December_1796


1843 – UK – Charles Dickens’ ‘A Christmas Carol’ first published. https://youtu.be/cLayRK0x6nk  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Christmas_Carol

1852 – UK – George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/george-hamilton-gordon-earl-of-aberdeen

1907 – USA – Darr mine explosion, Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania, 239 killed. http://patheoldminer.rootsweb.ancestry.com/darr2.html

1931 – USA – TWA plane crashed at Oklahoma City, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19311219-0

1932 – UK – The BBC World Service began broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/history/story/2007/02/070123_html_1930s.shtml

1941 – Egypt – HMS Valiant & HMS Queen Elizabeth ‘sunk’ in Alexandria Harbour (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Valiant_(1914) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Queen_Elizabeth_(1913)

1942 – Kenya – SAAF plane crashed near Kisumu Airport, 12 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421219-1

1943 – Australia – USAAF plane crashed near Canal Creek, Queensland, 31 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431219-0

1943 – Portugal – RAF plane missing off Coast, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431219-2

1944 – Ireland – RAF plane crashed at Beenoskee Mountain, Co. Kerry, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441219-3

1945 – Timor Sea – RAAF plane missing, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451219-0

1946 – French Indochina/North Vietnam – First Indochina War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Indochina_War

1949 – Brazil – Aerovias Brasil plane missing near Vitoria,ES, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491219-0

1950 – Philippines – USAF plane crashed at Mount Tbayoc, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501219-0

1953 – Switzerland – Sabena plane crashed near Zürich-Kloten Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531219-0


1956 – UK – Dr Bodkin Adams arrested for suspicious deaths of 160+ patients. https://youtu.be/5zqffYw1qjM  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://murderpedia.org/male.A/a/adams-john-bodkin.htm

1963 – Zanzibar – Independence from UK.

1997 – Indonesia – Silkair Flight 185 crashed near Palembang, 104 killed (WWII). https://youtu.be/-MmkLYDCXbc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19971219-0


1981 – UK – Penlee lifeboat disaster, 16 killed. https://youtu.be/yeIX0VnUMKo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penlee_lifeboat_disaster


2005 – USA – Chalk’s Ocean Airways Flight 101 crashed in Miami, FL, 20 Killed. https://youtu.be/B-HxaWiFH7k WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20051219-0

2007 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Andreanof Islands, Alaska. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007lcaq/

2013 – UK – Roof of Apollo Theatre, London collapsed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-25458009 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-26689705

2013 – French Guiana – Spacecraft Gaia launched. http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Gaia_overview  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaia_(spacecraft)

York

1730 – Joseph Askwith alias Sherling, Richard and John Freeman were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf