***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

18 December

1352 – Rome/Avignon – Cardinal Étienne Aubert became Pope Innocent VI. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_VI

1622 – Angola – Battle of Mbumbi (Kongo-Portuguese War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mbumbi

1642 – New Zealand – Abel Tasman first European to land in NZ. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/european-discovery-of-new-zealand/page-2  http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/people/abel-tasman

1655 – England – Whitehall Conference ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitehall_Conference

1787 – USA – New Jersey became the 3rd State. http://www.50states.com/newjerse.htm

1812 – USA – Battle of the Mississinewa ended (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Mississinewa


1833 – Russian Empire – “God Save the Tsar” anthem first performed. https://youtu.be/3hAleep6uBI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God_Save_the_Tsar!


1878 – USA – John Kehoe (Molly Maguire) executed in Pennsylvania. https://youtu.be/P9YtMMAevG0 http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/12/18/1878-john-kehoe-king-and-last-of-the-molly-maguires/


1888 – USA – Cliff Palace, Mesa Verde discovered. https://youtu.be/Oom2PO5F30I http://www.nps.gov/meve/learn/historyculture/cd_cliff_palace_discovery.htm


1898 – France – Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat set first officially recognised land speed record. https://youtu.be/DL8elhD_jBc  http://www.gregwapling.com/hotrod/land-speed-racing-history/land-speed-racing-gaston-de-chasseloup-laubat.html

1900 – Australia – “Puffing Billy” Railway, Victoria opened. http://puffingbilly.com.au/en/about-puffing-billy/history-heritage/


1916 – France – Battle of Verdun ended (1916). https://youtu.be/8lfRR5CBX7E  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/verdun.htm

1939 – Germany – Battle of Heligoland Bight (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Heligoland_Bight_(1939)

1939 – Gibraltar – Iberia plane shot down off Europa Point, 10 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19391218-0

1942 – Austria – DNL plane crashed near Wien-Aspern Airport, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421218-1

1943 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Suifu, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431218-0

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Jacksonville, Florida, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431218-1

1945 – Uruguay – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1945 – Norway – RAF plane crashed at Voksenkollen, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451218-0

1949 – France – Sabena plane crashed at Aulnay-sous-Bois, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491218-0

1950 – Vietnam – Two L’Armée de L’Air plane crashed at Tourane, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501218-0

1954 – USA – LAI Flight 451 crashed near New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541218-0

1954 – Venezuela – LAV plane crashed near Ciudad Bolivar, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541218-1

1954 – USA – Sangamo Electric Company plane crashed near White Plains, NY, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541218-2

1956 – Japan – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1958 – USA – Project SCORE launched. http://youtu.be/KTOpjhL1430  http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1958-006A

1971 – USA – Capitol Reef National Park, Utah established. http://www.nps.gov/care/index.htm

1972 – North Vietnam – Operation Linebacker II began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Linebacker_II


1973 – USSR – Soyuz 13 launched. https://youtu.be/NKL2kNUk89Q http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_13

1977 – USA – United Airlines Flight 2860 crashed near Kaysville, Utah, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19771218-0

1977 – Portugal – SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730 crashed off Funchal Airport, 36 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19771218-1

1978 – Dominica – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

2005 – Chad – Civil War began with Battle of Adre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Adr%C3%A9 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chadian_Civil_War_(2005%E2%80%9310)

2006 – Southeast Asia – Flooding began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006%E2%80%9307_Southeast_Asian_floods

2006 – United Arab Emirates – First parliamentary election held. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emirati_parliamentary_election,_2006

2010 – Arab World – Arab spring began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_Spring


2015 – UK – Kellingley Colliery closed. https://youtu.be/lZSZXeCJqBo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kellingley_Colliery http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-york-north-yorkshire-35803048