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13 December

115 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Antioch, c. 260,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/115_Antioch_earthquake

1124 – Rome – Pope Callixtus II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Callixtus_II

1294 – Rome – Pope Celestine V abdicated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_V


1545 – Italy – Council of Trent began. https://youtu.be/qwT35DULwLg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_of_Trent


1577 – England – Sir Francis Drake started round-the-world voyage from Plymouth. https://youtu.be/WEnz8Tws4wo http://www.mapsofworld.com/on-this-day/december-13-1577-sir-francis-drake-begins-his-round-the-world-expedition


1636 – America – National Guard established. https://youtu.be/qJWyMdjD66c https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Guard_of_the_United_States

1642 – NZ – Abel Tasman’s First Pacific Voyage reached New Zealand. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/european-discovery-of-new-zealand/page-2  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abel_Tasman

1643 – England – Battle of Alton (English Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alton

1758 – North Atlantic – Transport ship Duke William sank, 360+ killed. http://www.acadian-home.org/acadians-duke-william.html  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_William_(ship)

1769 – America – Dartmouth College founded by Rev Eleazer Wheelock. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dartmouth_College

1867 – UK – Fenian Bomb exploded in Clerkenwell, London, 12 killed. http://www.crimemagazine.com/clerkenwell-jail-bombing-1867


1907 – UK – Thomas W Lawson schooner sank near Isles of Scilly, 16 killed. https://youtu.be/AeNH_JfVLyA http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?1776

1927 – China – Guangzhou Uprising ended (China Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhou_Uprising

1937 – China – Battle of Nanking ended (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanking

1937 – China – Nanking Massacre (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanking_Massacre

1938 – Germany – Neuengamme Concentration Camp opened in Hamburg. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005539

1939 – Argentina/Uruguay – Battle of the River Plate (WWII). https://youtu.be/Ja0fpJnWxhM  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_River_Plate

1942 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Mokapuu Point, HI, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421213-0

1943 – Greece – Kalavryta Massacre (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_Kalavryta

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Zelmo, MO, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441213-5

1950 – India – Air India plane crashed at Katagiri, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501213-1

1950 – Brazil – VASP plane crashed at Londrina, PR, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501213-2

1962 – USA – Satellite Relay 1 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1962-068A

1977 – USA – National Jet Services plane crashed at Evansville-Dress Regional Airport, IN, 29 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19771213-0

1982 – North Yemen – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Dhamar, over 2,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_North_Yemen_earthquake

1989 – Ireland – Attack on Derryard Checkpoint, 2 killed (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Derryard_checkpoint

2001 – India – Indian Parliament Attack, 14 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Indian_Parliament_attack

2003 – Iraq – Operation Red Dawn (Iraq War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Red_Dawn

2011 – Belgium – Gunman at Christmas Market, Liège, 6 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/dec/13/liege-gunman-attack-nordine-amrani

2013 – USA – Arapahoe High School Shooting, 2 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/12/14/us/colorado-school-shooting/