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11 December

384 – Rome – Pope Damasus I died, Siricius became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Damasus_I http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Siricius

630 – Saudi Arabia – Conquest of Mecca (Muslim-Quraysh War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conquest_of_Mecca

969 – Byzantine Empire – Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas assassinated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikephoros_II_Phokas

1282 – Wales – Llywelyn ap Gruffudd killed at Battle of Orewin Bridge. http://www.castlewales.com/orewin.html

1792 – France – Trial of Louis XVI began (French Revolution) http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/louis/louisxvilinks.html

1816 – USA – Indiana became 19th State. http://www.50states.com/indiana.htm#.VmpVMtLnncs

1862 – USA – Battle of Fredericksburg began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fredericksburg.html?tab=facts

1868 – Paragua – Battle of Avay (Paraguayan War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Avay

1899 – South Africa – Battle of Magersfontein (Second Boer War). http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-magersfontein/

1907 – New Zealand – Fire at Parliament Buildings. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/media/sound/the-1907-fire-at-parliament

1913 – South Africa – Independence from UK.


1920 – Ireland – Burning of Cork began (Irish War of Independence). https://youtu.be/DDwOjdBdajQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burning_of_Cork

1922 – Poland – Gabriel Narutowicz became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel_Narutowicz

1927 – China – Guangzhou Uprising began (China Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhou_Uprising

1936 – UK – Edward VIII abdicated. George VI became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward8 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george6

1937 – Italy – Left League of Nations (Second Italo-Etheopian War).

1941 – Germany/Italy – Declared war of USA (WWII).

1941 – Poland – Declared war on Japan (WWII).

1943 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Emden, RAF attacked Duisburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Pacific Ocean – USAAF plane missing between Tachikawa & Okinawa, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451211-0

1947 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Memphis, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471211-0

1948 – Germany – US Navy plane crashed near Königstein im Taunus, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481211-0

1946 – USA – UNICEF established. http://www.unicef.org/about/history/index_milestones_46_55.html

1953 – UK – RAF plane crashed off Argyll, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531211-0

1954 – USA – US Coast Guard plane crashed at Haines Municipal Airport, AK, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541211-0

1962 – Canada – Arthur Lucas & Ronald Turpin became last persons to be executed. http://www.executedtoday.com/2007/12/11/1962-arthur-lucas-and-ronald-turpin/


1969 – Korea – Korean Air Lines YS 11 hijacked. http://youtu.be/k6NzSlLCsig WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Air_Lines_YS-11_hijacking


1978 – USA – Lufthansa Heist at JFK Airport, New York. https://youtu.be/AOrfw_AdCMs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nypost.com/2014/01/23/mobster-to-be-charged-in-goodfellas-jfk-lufthansa-heist/

1981 – El Salvador – El Monzote Massacre, 900 killed (Salvadoran Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Mozote_massacre


1993 – Malaysia – Highland Towers collapse, near Kuala Lumur, 48 killed. https://youtu.be/Ftdyu6_Fbj0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highland_Towers_collapse

1994 – Chechnya Russia – First Chechen War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Chechen_War


1994 – Japan – Bomb exploded on Philippians Air Lines Flight 434, 1 killed. https://youtu.be/CffpAFTHNQY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19941211-5

1998 – Thailand – Thai Airways International Flight 261 crashed near Surat Thani Airport, 101 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19981211-0


2005 – UK – Fire at Buncefield Oil Depot, Hemel Hampstead. https://youtu.be/N-M-z9JYX0Y WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.buncefieldinvestigation.gov.uk/

2005 – Australia – Cronulla riots began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Cronulla_riots

2007 – Algeria – Two car bombs exploded at the Constitutional Court building, Algiers, 60 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/dec/11/alqaida.terrorism

2011 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Guerrero. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc000753u/

2012 – Syria – Aqrab Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aqrab_massacre