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1 December

192 – Roman Empire – Emperor Commodus assassinated. http://www.roman-empire.net/highpoint/commodus.html

1521 – Rome – Pope Leo X died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_X

1768 – Norway – Slave ship Fredensborg sank off Tromøy. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3171928?uid=3738032&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103094152073

1822 – Brazil – Pedro I crowned Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_I_of_Brazil

1828 – Argentina – Decembrist Revolution began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decembrist_revolution_(Argentina)

1834 – South Africa – Slavery abolished in Cape Colony. http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/slavery-abolished-cape

1865 – USA – Shaw University founded in Raleigh, North Carolina. http://www.shawu.edu/Archives/history.htm

1885 – USA – Dr. Pepper first served in a drug store in Waco, Texas. http://www.drpeppermuseum.com/about-us/history-of-dr–pepper.aspx

1913 – Argentina – Buenos Aires Subway opened. http://www.urbanrail.net/am/buen/buenos-aires.htm

1918 – Iceland – Independence from Kingdom of Denmark.

1925 – UK – Locarno Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locarno_Treaties

1928 – Germany – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed at Letzlingen, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19281201-0

1928 – USA – Sunbeam Air Transport Co. plane crashed near Spur, Texas, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19281201-1

1937 – China – Battle of Nanking began (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanking

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Hyannis, NE, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431201-2

1944 – USA – TWA Flight 18 crashed near Hollywood-Lockheed Air Terminal, CA, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441201-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Keene, CA, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441201-2

1949 – Brazil – REAL plane crashed at Ribeirão Claro, PR, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491201-0

1950 – Iran – Iran Air plane crashed near Chamaran, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501201-0


1955 – USA – Rosa Parks arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to give up seat on bus to a white man. https://youtu.be/v8A9gvb5Fh0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_Parks

1955 – Brazil – Cruzeiro do Sul plane crashed near Belém, PA, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551201-0

1958 – USA – Fire at Our Lady of the Angels School, Chicago, Illinois, 95 killed. http://www.olafire.com/FireSummary.asp

1959 – USA – Antarctic Treaty signed (Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Treaty_System

1964 – Malawi, Malta & Zambia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1970 – North Yemen – North Yemen Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Yemen_Civil_War

1974 – USA – TWA Flight 514 crashed into Mount Weather, Bluemont, Virginia, 92 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19741201-0

1974 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231 crashed at Stony Point, NY, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19741201-1

1976 – Angola – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1981 – France – Inex Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308 crashed at Mont San-Pietro, 180 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19811201-1


2001 – Afghanistan – Battle of Qali-i-Jangi ended (War in Afghanistan). https://youtu.be/fMstzQQIgJw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Qala-i-Jangi

2003 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Kazakhstan-Xinjiang border region, 10 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Zhaosu_earthquake

York

1539 – Deed of surrender of St. Leonard’s Hospital signed.

1763 – A hurricane was experienced in York, the weather vane and part of the Minster’s battlement blown down, several houses were also damaged.