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9 August

48BCE – Roman Republic – Battle of Pharsalia, Greece (Caesar’s Civil War). http://www.livius.org/pha-phd/pharsalus/battle.html

378 – Roman Empire – Battle of Adrianople (Gothic War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Adrianople

1048 – Rome – Pope Damasus II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Damasus_II

1173 – Italy – Construction of Campanile of cathedral of Pisa began. http://www.towerofpisa.info/

1185 – Greece – Sack of Thessalonica began (Norman Invasion of the Balkans). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sack_of_Thessalonica_(1185)

1471 – Rome – Cardinal Francesco della Rovere became Pope Sixtus IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sixtus_IV

1610 – America – First Anglo-Powhatan War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Powhatan_Wars#First_Anglo-Powhatan_War

1814 – USA – Treaty of Fort Jackson signed (Indian Wars). http://www.nps.gov/articles/treaty-of-fort-jackson.htm

1842 – USA/Canada – Webster-Ashburton Treaty signed. https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/webster-treaty

1862 – USA – Battle of Cedar Mountain (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/cedar-mountain.html

1877 – USA – Battle of Big Hole began (Nez Perce War, Indian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Big_Hole

1902 – UK – Coronation of Edward VII and Alexandra. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward7

1912 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Mürefte, Tekirdağ, 216 killed. http://www.panaf.itu.edu.tr/icerik.aspx?sid=10457

1925 – India – Train robbery in Kakori. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kakori_train_robbery

1931 – USA – American Airways plane crashed at Cincinnati, Ohio, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19310809-0

1940 – Germany – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed near Lämershagen, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400809-0

1942 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Cape Korrishka, AK, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420809-0

1942 – India – Mahatma Ghandhi arrested in Bombay. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/gandhi_mohandas.shtml

1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Savo Island ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Savo_Island

1942 – Germany – British bombers attacked Osnabrück (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Donli, Arunachal Pradesh, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430809-0

1944 – USSR – Vyborg-Petrozavodsk Offensive ended (Continuation War – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vyborg%E2%80%93Petrozavodsk_Offensive


1945 – Japan – US dropped atomic bomb on Nagasaki, 39,000 killed (WWII). https://youtu.be/KihdZ1mteTs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/9/newsid_3580000/3580143.stm

1946 – USA – Atlantic Central Airlines plane crashed at Lakehurst, NJ, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460809-0

1947 – Sweden – AB Aerotransport plane crashed at Malmö-Bulltofta Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470809-0

1948 – New Zealand – NAC plane crashed at Rununder Point, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480809-0

1949 – Oman – RAF plane crashed near Salalah Airport, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490809-0

1954 – Portugal – Avianca plane crashed near Terceira-Lajes Airport, Azores, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540809-0

1971 – Northern Ireland – Operation Demetrius began (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Demetrius

1974 – USA – Gerald Ford became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/geraldford


1992 – Spain – XXV Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Barcelona. https://youtu.be/o_FENIKndEQ http://www.olympic.org/barcelona-1992-summer-Olympics


2007 – French Polynesia – Air Moorea Flight 1121 crashed near Moorea-Tamae Airport, 20 killed. https://youtu.be/pw_a_lfxwJI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20070809-0

2009 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Izu Islands. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/poster/2009/20090809.php

2013 – Pakistan – Quetta Shooting,10 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23628545

2014 – USA – Ferguson Unrest began. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-30193354

York

1793 – John Hoyland was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1804 – Jonathan Ellis was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1856 – William Dove was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf