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7 August

117 – Roman Empire – Emperor Trajan died of Stroke, aged 63. http://www.roman-empire.net/highpoint/trajan-index.html

461 – Roman Empire – Emperor Majorian beheaded. http://www.luc.edu/roman-emperors/major.htm

768 – Rome – Stephen III became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_III

936 – Germany – Coronation of Otto I. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1316 – Rome/Avignon – Jacques Duèz became Pope John XXII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XXII

1461 – China – Rebellion of Cao Qin. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebellion_of_Cao_Qin

1714 – Finland – Battle of Gangut (Great Northern War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gangut

1791 – USA – Battle of Kenapacomaque (Northwest Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kenapacomaqua

1819 – Colombia – Battle of Boyacá (Venezuelan War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Boyac%C3%A1

1858 – Australia – Australian Rules Football founded. http://www.australiaonnet.com/sports/football/history.html

1879 – UK – ‘Poor Man’s Palace’ opened in Manchester. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Openshaw_Citadel

1890 – Sweden – Anna Månsdotter, last woman to be executed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_M%C3%A5nsdotter

1909 – USA – Alice Huyler Ramsey became first woman, with three friends to complete transcontinental auto trip (59 days). http://www.smithsonianmag.com/specialsections/womens-history/The-Centennial-of-Alice-Ramseys-Drive.html

1914 – France – First Battle of Mulhouse began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mulhouse

1927 – USA & Canada – Peace Bridge opened. https://youtu.be/j_U1I0sZniQ http://www.peacebridge.com/index.php/about-us-sp-1874923374/peace-bridge-facts2

1930 – USA – Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, last known deaths by lynching. http://www.executedtoday.com/2011/08/07/1930-thomas-shipp-and-abram-smith-strange-fruit/

1933 – Iraq – Simele Massacre began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simele_massacre

1941 – Germany – British bombers hit Essen, Hamm, Dortmund, Kiel and Hamburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Solomom Islands – Guadalcanal Campaign started (WWII). https://youtu.be/LEZBNqg5Weg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=9

1943 – Australia – USAAF plane crashed near Townsville, Queensland, 27 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430807-2

1946 – Norway – BEA plane crashed near Oslo, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460807-0

1946 – USA – US Navy plane crashed off Point Arena, CA, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460807-1

1951 – Brazil – FAB plane crashed in Guaratiba, RJ, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510807-0


1959 – USA – Explorer 6 launched. https://youtu.be/0EUbmgMtO3Q http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1959-004A

1960 – Côte d’Ivoire – Independence from France. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13287585


1974 – USA – Philippe Petit performed high wire act at World Trade Centre. http://youtu.be/mAZppPSbxxs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippe_Petit

1979 – Canada – Woodstock, Ontario hit by tornadoes. http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/environment/extreme-weather/deadly-skies-canadas-most-destructive-tornadoes/1979-woodstock-tornado.html

1981 – USA – The Washington Star stopped publication. http://www.streetsofwashington.com/2011/11/evening-star-building-home-to-great.html#!/2011/11/evening-star-building-home-to-great.html

1985 – UK – White House Farm murders. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_House_Farm_murders


1987 – Bering Strait – Lynne Cox became first person to swim from USA to USSR. https://youtu.be/VK9iEk_7Hkw http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-19149829

1987 – USA – Summer X Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_Pan_American_Games

1988 – USA – Tompkins Square Park Riots ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tompkins_Square_Park_Riot_(1988)

1989 – Ethiopia – RRC Air Services plane crashed in Gambella, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890807-0

1995 – Croatia – Operation Storm ended (Croatian War of Independence/Bosnian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Storm


1998 – Tanzania & Kenya – Bombing of US embassy buildings in Dar es Salaam and Nairobi, 212 killed. https://youtu.be/-vpLkjlgzNg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/7/newsid_3131000/3131709.stm

2012 – Nigeria – Three gunmen attack church near Okene, 19 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19161082

2013 – Pakistan – Karachi Bombing, 11 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23586022

York

1411 – Archbishop Bowet granted special licence to Master of Merchant Adventurers’ Hospital to celebrate divine service in the new chapel.

1841 – John Burlinson, Charles Gill and Henry Nuttall were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1864 – Tolls no longer charged to cross Lendal Bridge, which had opened previous year.