***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

30 August

1181 – Rome – Pope Alexander III died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_III

1363 – China – Battle of Lake Poyang started (Red Turban Rebellion). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Poyang

1464 – Rome – Cardinal Pietro Barbo became Pope Paul II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paul_II

1791 – Australia – HMS Pandora sank, 35 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Pandora_(1779)#Wrecked http://archive.archaeology.org/online/features/pandora/

1799 – Netherlands – Vlieter Incident (War of the Second Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vlieter_Incident

1813 – Bohemia – Battle of Kulm ended (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kulm

1813 – USA – Fort Mims massacre, Mobile, Alabama, 500+ killed (Creek War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Mims_massacre

1836 – USA – Houston founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen. http://www.bizjournals.com/houston/print-edition/2012/10/26/john-and-augustus-allens-bold-venture.html?page=all

1841 – UK – Sir Robert Peel became Prime Minister (Conservative). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/robert-peel-2nd-baronet

1860 – UK – First tram service began in Birkenhead, Merseyside. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-merseyside-19983411

1862 – USA – Second Battle of Bull Run ended (American Civil War). http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-second-bull-run

1862 – USA – Battle of Richmond ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/richmond.html

1896 – Philippines – Battle of San Juan del Monte. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Juan_del_Monte


1914 – Prussia (Poland) – Battle of Tannenberg ended (WWI). https://youtu.be/UFGDZuepy_w WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tannenberg

1914 – France – First Battle of Guise ended (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/guise.htm

1917 – Vietnam – Thái Nguyên Uprising (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A1i_Nguy%C3%AAn_uprising


1920 – Poland – Battle of Komarów began (Polish-Bolshevik War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Komar%C3%B3w

1922 – Turkey – Battle of Dumlupinar ended (Greco-Turkish War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dumlup%C4%B1nar

1939 – Germany – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed at Hannover, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19390830-0

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers hit Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Egypt – Battle of Alam el Halfa began (WWII). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/timeline/factfiles/nonflash/a1125073.shtml https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alam_el_Halfa

1944 – Brazil – Panair do Brasil plane crashed near São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440830-1


1945 – Hong Kong – Liberated by British forces (WWII). http://youtu.be/LTS9zlicQIA

1947 – Morocco – Air Atlas plane crashed near El Ajeb, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470830-0

1950 – Indonesia – RAF plane crashed off Jemaja Island, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500830-0

1955 – Nepal – Kalinga Airlines plane crashed at Simra Airport, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550830-0


1956 – USA – Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened (Southbond). https://youtu.be/cwTugqUpmR0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Pontchartrain_Causeway

1964 – USA – Philadelphia race riots ended. http://northerncity.library.temple.edu/content/collections/columbia-avenue-riots/what-interpretative-essay

1974 – Republic of Croatia – Train derailed at Zagreb, 153 killed. http://danger-ahead.railfan.net/accidents/zagreb.htm

1974 – Japan – Mitsubishi Heavy Industries HQ Bombing, 8 killed. https://throwoutyourbooks.wordpress.com/2014/08/30/east-asia-anti-japan-armed-front-mitsubishi-bombing/

1981 – Iran – President Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar assassinated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad-Ali_Rajai http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad-Javad_Bahonar


1984 – USA – Space Shuttle Discovery launched on maiden voyage. https://youtu.be/41nLvEKP_Ko http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/flyout/discovery.html

1991 – Azerbaijan – Declared independence from USSR. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17043424

1995 – Bosnia & Herzegovina – Operation Deliberate Force began (NATO Intervention in Bosnia). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Deliberate_Force

1996 – USA – Paralympic X Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Atlanta. http://www.paralympic.org/atlanta-1996

2003 – Barents Sea – Soviet Submarine K-159 sank, 9 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_submarine_K-159

2008 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Sichuan-Yiunnan, 43 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Panzhihua_earthquake

York

1485 – Decided gates & posterns should be shut between 9.00pm & 4.00am, with watchmen at each gate.

1794 – Ann Scalbert and Thomas Kirk were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1821 – Ann Barber was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf