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3 August

430BC – Greece – Solar eclipse observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

70 – Judaea – Siege of Jerusalem ended (First Jewish-Roman War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_(AD_70)

881 – France – Battle of Saucourt-en-Vomeu. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Saucourt-en-Vimeu

908 – Germany – Battle of Eisenach (Hungarian Invasion of Europe). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Eisenach_(908)

1135 – England – Henry I (Beauclerc) became king. https://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry1

1342 – Spain – Battle of Algeciras began (Reconquista). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Algeciras_(1342%E2%80%9344)

1361 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw, epicentre in Nankaido, followed by tsunami.

1601 – Romania – Battle of Guruslău (Long War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gurusl%C4%83u

1645 – Germany – Second Battle of Nördlingen (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_N%C3%B6rdlingen_(1645)

1777 – USA – Siege of Fort Schuyler began (American Revolutionary War). http://www.nps.gov/fost/learn/historyculture/the-1777-siege-of-fort-schuyler.htm

1778 – Italy – Theatre La Scala opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Scala

1795 – USA – Treaty of Greenville signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Greenville

1796 – Italy – Second Battle of Lonato began (French Revolutionary Wars). http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/battles/c_lonato.html

1811 – Switzerland – First ascent of Jungfrau made by Johan Rudolf & Hieronymus Meyer. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jungfrau

1852 – USA – First Harvard-Yale Ragatta held. https://archive.org/details/storyofharvardya00well https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard%E2%80%93Yale_Regatta

1900 – USA – Firestone Tyre & Rubber Company founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firestone_Tire_and_Rubber_Company

1913 – USA – Wheatland Hop Riot, California. http://www.sacbee.com/2013/07/30/5606384/wheatland-hop-riots-100th-anniversary.html

1914 – Germany – Declared war on France. http://www.firstworldwar.com/timeline/1914.htm

1916 – Egypt – Battle of Romani began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Romani


1919 – USA – Chicago Race Riot ended. https://youtu.be/qr2Jbybdl6U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_race_riot_of_1919

1936 – Russia – Fire at Kursha-2, Meshchera Lowlands, Ryazan Oblaset, 1200 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kursha-2

1940 – British Somaliland – Italian Conquest began (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=249 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_conquest_of_British_Somaliland


1942 – Mediterranean Sea – Operation Pedestal ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/teTiIxRereg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Pedestal

1943 – Atlantic Ocean – RAF plane missing, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430803-1

1944 – Burma – Siege of Myitkyina ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Myitkyina

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Naper, NE, 28 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440803-1

1945 – Martinique – Pan Am Flight 216 crashed at Port of Spain-Piearco Airport, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450803-1


1946 – USA – Santa Claus Land opened. https://youtu.be/31AQT13o94I http://www.holidayworld.com/holiblog/2014/03/09/park-history-santa-claus-land-holiday-world/

1952 – Finland – XV Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Helsinki. http://www.olympic.org/helsinki-1952-summer-Olympics

1953 – Turkey – Air France Flight 152 crashed off Fethiye, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530803-0

1953 – United Arab Emirates – Orient Airways plane crashed near Sharjah Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530803-1

1955 – Canada – Pacific Western Airlines plane crashed near Kemano, BC, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550803-0

1959 – Portuguese Guinea – Pidjiguiti Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pidjiguiti_massacre

1960 – Niger – Independence from France. http://www.mapsofworld.com/niger/independence-day.html

1975 – El Salvador – Fuerza Aérea Nicaragua plane crasehed off Punta Amapala, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19750803-0

1975 – Morocco – Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines plane crashed near Agadir, 188 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19750803-1

1978 – Canada – XI Commonwealth Games in Edmonton began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_Commonwealth_Games

1980 – USSR – XXII Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Moscow. http://www.olympic.org/moscow-1980-summer-Olympics

1989 – Sri Lanka – Valvettituarai Massacre ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_Valvettiturai_massacre

1997 – Algeria – Oued El-Had & Mezouara Massacre, 76 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oued_El-Had_and_Mezouara_massacre

2001 – UK – IRA car bombs detonated in Ealing, London. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/3/newsid_2527000/2527065.stm

2005 – Iran – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Ahmadinejad

2010 – Pakistan – Riots in Karachi, 85 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/aug/03/karachi-riots-deaths-Pakistan

2014 – UK – XX Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Commonwealth_Games

2014 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre Ludian County, Yunnan, 617+ killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-28630110 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Ludian_earthquake

York

1585 – George de Kirwan and Thomas de Alasco were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1759 – Trial of Eugene Aram.

1784 – William Asquith alias Sparling and Thomas Knapton were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1789 – John Barker and Hannah Whiteley were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf