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29 August

708 – Japan – Wado Kaishin copper coins first minted. http://www.imes.boj.or.jp/cm/english/history/7C/

1261 – Rome – Jacques Pantaléon became Pope Urban IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_IV

1315 – Italy – Battle of Montecatini. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Montecatini

1350 – England – Battle of Winchelsea. http://warfarehistorian.blogspot.co.uk/2013/08/today-in-history-battle-of-winchelsea.html

1475 – England/France – Treaty of Picquigny signed. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/pecquigny.htm

1484 – Rome – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Cybo became Pope Innocent VIII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_VIII

1526 – Hungary – Battle of Mohács. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Moh%C3%A1cs

1741 – Japan – Volcano eruption on Oshima Island caused tsunami which hit western side of Hokkaido. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/oshima-oshima.html

1758 – America – First “Indian Reservation” established at Indian Mills, New Jersey. http://www.accessible-archives.com/2013/08/colonies-first-new-jerseys-indian-reservation/

1778 – USA – Battle of Rhode Island (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rhode_Island

1799 – Rome – Pope Pius VI died in captivity in Valance, France. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_VI

1807 – Denmark – Battle of Køge (English Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C3%B8ge

1813 – Bohemia – Battle of Kulm began (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kulm

1833 – British Empire – Legislation of Abolition of Slavery.

1835 – Australia – City of Melbourne founded by John Pascoe Fawkner party (or see 8 June). http://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/ABOUTMELBOURNE/HISTORY/Pages/SettlementtoCity.aspx

1842 – China – Treaty of Nanking signed, ended First Opium War. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Nanking https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Opium_War

1861 – USA – Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hatteras_Inlet_Batteries

1862 – USA – Battle of Richmond began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/richmond.html


1869 – USA – Mount Washington Cog Railway opened. https://youtu.be/E9TJ5XFW-wY http://thecog.com/cog_history.php

1898 – USA – Goodyear Tyre company founded. http://www.goodyear.com/corporate/history/history_overview.html

1903 – Russia – Battle ship Slava launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_battleship_Slava


1907 – Canada – Quebec Bridge collapsed, 76 killed. http://youtu.be/FQUHZV7r8iI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quebec_Bridge

1914 – France – First Battle of Guise began (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/guise.htm

1916 – USA – Philippine Autonomy Act passed. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/306000/Jones-Act


1930 – Scotland – Last 36 inhabitants of St. Kilda voluntary evacuated. https://youtu.be/hR5RjwjeQe8 https://youtu.be/W-CpkFgxx2I http://www.theguardian.com/society/2009/aug/29/st-kilda-hebrides

1933 – USA – TWA plane crashed near Quay, NM, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19330829-0

1942 – Germany – Soviet bombers attacked Berlin and Königsberg (WWII).

1944 – Germany – Bombers attacked Helgoland (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Romania – Second Jassy-Kishinev Offensive ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jassy%E2%80%93Kishinev_Offensive

1944 – Sweden – BOAC plane crashed at Mount Kinnekulle, Lidköping, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440829-1

1944 – Slovakia – Slovakian National Uprising began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovak_National_Uprising

1948 – USA – Northwest Airlines Flight 421 crashed near Winona, WI, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480829-0

1949 – Kazakhstan – USSR tested first atomic bomb at Semipalatinsk. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviets-explode-atomic-bomb

1952 – Sudan – Phoenix Airlines plane crashed at Kosti Airport, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520829-0

1983 – Venezuela – Summer IX Pan American Games ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_Pan_American_Games

1996 – Spitnergen – Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801 crashed, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960829-0

1997 – Algeria – Rais Massacre, 98 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rais_massacre


2004 – Greece – XXVIII Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Athens. https://youtu.be/B7du2aicYks http://www.olympic.org/athens-2004-summer-olympics


2005 – USA – Hurricane Katrina hit Gulf Coast, 1836 + killed. https://youtu.be/sZNGj01UHEw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/americas/05/katrina/html/


2012 – UK – Paralympic XIV Summer Games Opening Ceremony in London. http://youtu.be/Kd4FgGSY5BY http://www.paralympics.org.uk/gb/athletes

2012 – China – Explosion at Xiaojiawan coal mine, Panzhihua, 45 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/aug/30/china-coal-mine-gas-explosion

York

1789 – Prince of Wales & Duke of York arranged for 2000 guineas to be handed to High Sheriff, Walter Fawkes, for dupport of debters in the castle.

1789 – Prince of Wales & Duke of York left the city for Castle Howard

1797 – Robert Dyson was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1801 – Edward Hughes was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

Rowntree's Chocolate Crisp (Wikipedia)

Rowntree’s Chocolate Crisp (Wikipedia)

1935 – ‘Rowntree’s Chocolate Crisp’ launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kit_Kat