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25 August

357 – Roman Empire – Battle of Strasbourg. http://www.theartofbattle.com/battle-of-strasbourg-357.htm

383 – Roman Empire – Emperor Gratian murdered. http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/gratian.html

608 – Rome – Boniface IV became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boniface_IV

1499 – Ionian Sea – Battle of Zonchio, Day 4 (Ottoman-Venetian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zonchio

1537 – England – The Honourable Artillery Company established.  http://www.hac.org.uk/home/about-the-hac/history/south-african-war/

1580 – Portugal – Battle of Alcântara (War of the Portuguese Succession). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alc%C3%A2ntara_(1580)

1609 – Italy – Galileo Galilei demonstrated his first telescope. http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventors/a/Galileo_Galilei_2.htm

1630 – Sri Lanka – Battle of Randeniwela (Sinhalese-Portuguese War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Randeniwela

1758 – Poland – Battle of Zorndorf (Seven Years’ War). http://www.britishbattles.com/frederick/battle-zorndorf.htm

1768 – GB – James Cook departed Plymouth on his first voyage on HMS Endeavour. http://www.captaincooksociety.com/home/detail/the-first-voyage-1768-1771 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_voyage_of_James_Cook

1825 – Uruguay – Declared independence from Brazil. http://www.mapsofworld.com/uruguay/independence-day.html

1830 – Belgium – Belgian Revolution began. http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/773/opera-fuels-belgian-revolution

1835 – USA – The Great Moon Hoax began by New York Sun newspaper. http://hoaxes.org/archive/permalink/the_great_moon_hoax/

1875 – UK – Captain Matthew Webb became first person to swim English Channel. http://www.bbc.co.uk/shropshire/features/2003/12/captain_webb.shtml

1883 – France/Vietnam – Treaty of Hué signed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Hu%E1%BA%BF_(1883)

1914 – Belgium – Library of the Catholic University of Leuven destroyed by German Army (WWI). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_University_of_Leuven_(1834%E2%80%931968)

1914 – Belgium/Germany – Battle of Lorraine ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lorraine

1920 – Poland – Battle of Warsaw ended (Polish-Soviet War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Warsaw_(1920)

1921 – USA – Battle of Blair Mountain began (West Virginia Coal Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blair_Mountain

1928 – USA – British Columbia Airways plane crashed off Port Townsend, WA, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19280825-0

1933 – China – Earthquake, epicentre Mao County, Sichuan, 9000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1933_Diexi_earthquake

1939 – UK/Poland – Form alliance. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=163 http://avalon.law.yale.edu/wwii/blbk19.asp

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers hit Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Dunbeath, Scotland 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420825-1

1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Eastern Solomons ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Eastern_Solomons


1942 – Papua New Guinea – Battle of Milne Bay began (WWII). https://youtu.be/YXmbhkcpfqA https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Milne_Bay

1943 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Calcutta, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430825-0

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Pensacola, Florida, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430825-2

1944 – France – Paris liberated by Allies (WWII). http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/25/newsid_3520000/3520894.stm

1946 – USA – American Airlines Flight 26 crashed near Ashland, MS, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460825-0

1950 – Malaysia – RAF plane crashed near Kampong Jenera, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500825-0


1960 – Italy – XVII Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Rome. https://youtu.be/4PB7VjMD-W4 http://www.olympic.org/rome-1960-summer-olympics

1961 – Brazil – President Jânio Quadros resigned. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%A2nio_Quadros

1980 – Zimbabwe – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1988 – Portugal – Fire in Chiado, Lisbon. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/09/19/world/lisbon-journal-a-city-s-heart-in-ruins-now-to-put-it-together.html

1991 – Croatia – Battle of Vukovar began (Croatian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vukovar

2013 – Mexico – Train derailed in Huimanguillo, Tabasco, 6 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/08/26/world/americas/mexico-train-derails/

York

1625 – Richard Ridley and Amos Armstrong were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1755 – Grandstand at racecourse, designed by John Carr, opened.

1789 – Prince of Wales presented with Freedom of the City.

1791 – Right Hon.Charles James Fox given Freedom of the City, whilst visiting York.

1804 – Alicia Meynell rode against Captain William Flint over a 4 mile race at racecourse. http://nineteenteen.blogspot.co.uk/2010/03/nineteenth-century-heroines-first-place.html