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23 August

1268 – Italy – Battle of Tagliacozzo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tagliacozzo

1305 – England – William Wallace executed for high treason at Smithfield, London. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wallace_william.shtml

1328 – France – Battle of Cassel (Peasant Revolt in Flanders). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cassel_(1328)

1382 – Russia – Siege of Russia began (Tatar Yoke). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Moscow_(1382)

1514 – Iran – Battle of Chaldiran ended (Ottoman-Persian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chaldiran

1572 – France – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre began (French Wars on Religion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Bartholomew%27s_Day_massacre

1595 – Romania – Battle of Călugăreni (Long War – Ottoman War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_C%C4%83lug%C4%83reni

1600 – Japan – Battle of Gifu Castle. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gifu_Castle

1650 – England – Monck’s Regiment of Foot formed. http://www.army.mod.uk/infantry/regiments/24362.aspx

1655 – Poland – Battle of Sabota (Deluge). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sobota

1750 – GB – Earthquake, epicentre in North Sea. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1765 – Siam – Burmese-Siamese War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burmese%E2%80%93Siamese_War_(1765%E2%80%9367)

1793 – French India – Siege of Pondicherry ended (French Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Pondicherry_(1793)

1813 – Prussia – Battle of Grossbeeren (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gro%C3%9Fbeeren


1831 – USA – Nat Turner’s Slave Rebellion ended. https://youtu.be/LqpTqRhyd1w WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newnation/4574

1858 – UK – Two trains crashed in Brierley Hill, 14 killed. http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/

1864 – USA – Battle of Mobile Bay ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/mobile-bay.html

1864 – USA – Siege of Fort Morgan ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_Morgan

1866 – Austrian Empire/Prussia – Austro-Prussian War ended with Treaty of Prague signing. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austro-Prussian_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Prague_(1866)

1873 – UK – Albert Bridge, Chelsea, London opened. http://thames.me.uk/s00180.htm

1914 – Japan – Declared War on Germany (WWI).

1914 – Belgium – Battle of Charleroi ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Charleroi

1914 – Belgium – Battle of Mons (WWI). http://www.britishbattles.com/firstww/battle-mons.htm

1921 – UK – Airship R38 crashed in Humber Estuary, 45 killed. http://www.airshipsonline.com/airships/r38/

1929 – Palestine – Palestine Riots began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1929_Palestine_riots


1929 – Palestine – Hebron Massacre began (Palestine Riots). https://youtu.be/E3tMvGgCEx0  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8219864.stm

1930 – Canada – British Empire Games I in Hamilton finished. http://www.thecgf.com/games/intro.asp

1937 – Argentina – Pan American Grace Airways plane crashed at near San Luis, SL, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19370823-0

1939 – Russia – Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molotov%E2%80%93Ribbentrop_Pact

1940 – Romania – LARES plane crashed near Risulita, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400823-0

1940 – Germany – RAF flew retaliation strike against Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – USSR – Battle of Stalingrad began (WWII). https://youtu.be/ZAsXB73TXSc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stalingrad

1942 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Dahlgren, VA, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420823-1

1942 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Moel-y-Gaer Mountain, Wales, 12 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420823-0

1943 – China – Bombing of Chongqing ended (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Chongqing http://ww2today.com/5th-june-1941-thousands-die-in-chungking-raid

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USSR – Battle of Kursk ended, Kharkov liberated (WWII). https://youtu.be/22xpNBJCS4U  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressinghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kursk


1944 – France – Marseille liberated (WWII). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eru4ABHahYQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dragoon#Liberation_of_Marseille_and_Toulon


1944 – UK – USSAF plane crashed into school at Freckleton, 66 killed (WWII). https://youtu.be/9DUFuhMP97M WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freckleton_Air_Disaster

1947 – Bahrain – BOAC plane crashed at Bahrain Marine Air Base, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470823-1

1947 – UK – UK Ministry of Supply plane crashed near Woodford Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470823-0

1952 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Chlya, Nizhneamurskaya region, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520823-0

1954 – Netherlands – KLM plane crashed off Dutch Coast, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540823-0

1955 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Charleston AFB, SC, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550823-0

1958 – China – Second Taiwan Strait Crisis started (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Taiwan_Strait_Crisis

1965 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Oaxaca, 6 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1965_Oaxaca_earthquake

1970 – USA – Salad Bowl Strike started. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salad_Bowl_strike

1973 – Sweden – Norrmalmstorg Robbery & Hostage Crisis. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norrmalmstorg_robbery

1987 – USA – Summer X Pan American Games ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_Pan_American_Games

1994 – USA – Eugene Bullard, the first black combat aviator (WWI), posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in US Air Force. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/eugene-bullard-1895-1961

2000 – Bahrain – Gulf Air Flight 72 crashed near Bahrain International Airport, 143 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salad_Bowl_strike


2005 – Peru – TANS Flight 204 crashed near Pucallpa-Cap, 40 killed. https://youtu.be/CZ4Dg8fwLpk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20050823-0

2011 – USA – Earthquake measuring 5.8Mw, epicentre in Louisa County, Virginia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Virginia_earthquake

2013 – Bolivia – Palmasola Prison Riot, 31 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Palmasola_prison_riot

York

1770 – Michael Naylor was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1783 – William Emmerson, William Field and John Riley were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1800 – Elizabeth Johnson was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf