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22 August

564 – Scotland – A monster reported to have been seen in Loch Ness by Columba. http://www.lochnesswater.co.uk/st_columbas_scottish_pilgrimage.htm

851 – Brittany – Battle of Jengland. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jengland

1138 – England – Battle of the Standard (The Anarchy). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=32

1153 – Fatimid Caliphate – Siege of Ascalon ended (Crusades). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Ascalon

1241 – Rome – Pope Gregory IX died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_IX

1280 – Rome – Pope Nicholas III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Nicholas_III


1485 – England – Battle of Bosworth Field (War of the Roses). https://youtu.be/hAg1PchkG6s http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=8

1485 – England – Richard III killed, aged 32. Henry VII became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=richard3 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry7

1499 – Ionian Sea – Battle of Zonchio, Day 3 (Ottoman-Venetian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zonchio

1639 – India – Madras founded by the British India Company. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/356057/Chennai

1642 – England – First English Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_English_Civil_War

1654 – America – Jacob Barsimon became first known Jewish immigrant. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Barsimson

1770 – Australia – James Cook claimed New South Wales in the name of King George III. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_New_South_Wales#1770_James_Cook.27s_proclamation

1777 – USA – Siege of Fort Schuyler ended (American Revolutionary War). http://www.nps.gov/fost/learn/historyculture/the-1777-siege-of-fort-schuyler.htm

1827 – Peru – José de la Mar became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_de_la_Mar


1831 – USA – Nat Turner’s Slave Rebellion began. https://youtu.be/LqpTqRhyd1w WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newnation/4574

1849 – Italy – Austria launched pilotless balloons against Venice (First Air Raid). http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/rpav_home.html#Beginnings

1851 –UK – First America’s Cup won by the yacht America. https://www.rys.org.uk/about/the-yacht-america/

1864 – Switzerland – First Geneva Convention signed by 12 nations, Red Cross founded. http://www.icrc.org/ihl/52d68d14de6160e0c12563da005fdb1b/87a3bb58c1c44f0dc125641a005a06e0

1875 – Japan/Russia – Treaty of Saint Petersburg signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint_Petersburg_(1875)

1902 – USA – Cadillac Motor Company founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadillac

1910 – Japan/Korea – Japan-Korea Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan%E2%80%93Korea_Treaty_of_1910

1927 – UK – KLM Royal Dutch Airlines plane crashed at St. Julians, Sevenoaks, Kent, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19270822-0

1930 – Czech Republic – CSA plane crashed at Jihlava, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19300822-0

1936 – Greece – Imperial Airways plane crashed at Mirabella, Crete, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19360822-0

1942 – Gibraltar – RAF plane crashed near North Front RAF Station, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420822-0

1942 – Trinidad and Tobago – KLM West-Indisch Bedriff plane crashed near Port of Spain-Piarco Airport, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420822-1

1942 – Brazil – Declared war on Germany and Italy (WWII).

1943 – Ireland – RAF plane crashed at Mount Brandon, County Kerry, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430822-2

1944 – Romania – Captured by USSR (WWII).

1944 – Crete – Holocaust of Kedros (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocaust_of_Kedros

1946 – British India – Great Calcutta Killings ended, 4,000+ killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_Action_Day

1949 – Algeria – STAAP plane crashed near Laghouat, RS, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490822-0

1949 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw, epicentre in Queen Charlotte Island. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1949_Queen_Charlotte_Islands_earthquake

1950 – USA – American Airlines Flight 14 crashed near Eagle, CO, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500822-0

1951 – USA – USAF crashed at Summit, AK, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510822-0

1954 – USA – Braniff International Airways plane crashed near Mason City, IA, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540822-0

1961 – Germany – Ida Siekmann died attempting to cross Berlin Wall. http://berliner-mauer.mobi/ida-siekmann.html?&L=1


1971 – USA – Camden 28 raided a New Jersey draft board. https://youtu.be/EcdWk74LQdw https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Camden_28


1985 – UK – British Airtours Flight 328M crashed at Manchester International Airport, 55 killed. https://youtu.be/HwhGeDcYuXs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850822-0

1993 – Somalia – Operation Gothic Serpent began (Somali Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Gothic_Serpent

2006 – Ukraine – Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612 crashed near Donetsk, 170 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20060822-0

2008 – Georgia – Occupation of Gori ended (Russo-Georgian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupation_of_Gori

2012 – Kenya – Tana River District Clashes. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012%E2%80%9313_Tana_River_District_clashes#22_August_incident

2015 – UK – Display plane crashed at Shoreham Airshow, 11 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-sussex-39105085

York

1572 – Thomas Percy, Earl of Northumberland was beheaded at The Pavement, his head was placed over Micklegate Bar, his body buried at St. Crux Church. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/northumberland7.htm

1649 – Colonel John Morrice and Cornet Blackburn were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1753 – William Smith was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1830 – Pleasure boat sank near Acomb Landing, 6+ killed.

1926 – Architect, Walter Brierley died. http://archiseek.com/tag/walter-h-brierley/