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21 August

634 – Syria – Siege of Damascus began (Arab-Byzantine Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Damascus_(634)

1415 – Spain – Battle of Ceuta (Reconquista). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conquest_of_Ceuta

1573 – Netherlands – Siege of Alkmaar began (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Alkmaar

1673 – Netherlands – Battle of Texel (Franco-Dutch War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Texel

1680 – New Spain – Peublo Revolt ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pueblo_Revolt

1689 – Scotland – Battle of Dunkeld (Jacobite Rising). http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/history/union_and_jacobites/the_battle_of_dunkeld/

1770 – Australia – James Cook claimed eastern Australia for Great Britain, called it New South Wales. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/cook_captain_james.shtml

1778 – India – Siege of Pondicherry began (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Pondicherry_(1778)

1791 – Saint Dominque – Haitian Revolution began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Revolution

1808 – Portugal – Battle of Vineiro (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vimeiro

1821 – Jarvis Island – Discovered by crew of Eliza Frances. http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_pria_jar.htm

1863 – USA – Lawrence Massacre (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Massacre

1864 – USA – Battle of Globe Tavern ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Globe_Tavern


1883 – USA – Rochester hit by tornado, 37 killed. https://youtu.be/n-8J-BkayPk http://www.weather.gov/arx/aug211883


1897 – USA – Oldsmobile founded. https://youtu.be/ynfgCF8l8Yo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oldsmobile


1911 – France – Mona Lisa stolen from Louvre by Vincenzo Peruggia. https://youtu.be/DSTfwTfX72g http://content.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1894006,00.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincenzo_Peruggia

1914 – Belgium – Battle of Charleroi began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Charleroi

1915 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Sari Bair ended (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/saribair.htm


1940 – Mexico – Leon Trotsky killed. https://youtu.be/NCThqw_Jmek WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Trotsky#Assassination


1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Tenaru (WWII). https://youtu.be/MEqr1xXurek WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Tenaru

1944 – France – Operation Tractable ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tractable

1944 – Atlantic Ocean – USAAF plane missing between Gibraltar & Newquay, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440821-1


1945 – New Guinea – Bougainville Campaign ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/9l-Ie3mwmoo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bougainville_Campaign


1945 – New Guinea – New Britain Campaign ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/G4Yz70NPDKM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Britain_campaign

1945 – Solomon Islands – Solomon Islands Campaign ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solomon_Islands_campaign

1946 – USA – Trans Luxury Airlines plane crashed near Moline, IL, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460821-1

1947 – USA – Slick Airways plane crashed at Hanksville, UT, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470821-0

1949 – Vietnam – CATI plane crashed at Lao Kay, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490821-0

1949 – Canada – RCAF plane crashed at Bigstone Lake, MB, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490821-1

1951 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw.

1956 – USA – USAF plane crashed at Palm Beach AFB, FL, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560821-0

1959 – USA – Hawaii became 50th State. http://www.50states.com/hawaii.htm#.Vda-19KFPcs

1963 – South Vietnam – Xá Loi Pagoda Raids. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X%C3%A1_L%E1%BB%A3i_Pagoda_raids


1968 – Czechoslovakia – Warsaw Pact Invasion ended (Prague Spring). https://youtu.be/kBBuwRD0CRE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Pact_invasion_of_Czechoslovakia

1968 – Czechoslovakia – Prague Spring ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prague_Spring

1991 – USSR – August Coup ended (Dissolution of Soviet Union). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_Soviet_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_attempt

1991 – USA – Crown Heights Riot, Brooklyn, New York City ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_Heights_riot


1992 – USA – Ruby Ridge Standoff began. https://youtu.be/9yMEds30ya8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_Ridge


1995 – USA – Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 crashed near Carrollton, GA, 8 killed. https://youtu.be/lrrRydR-mpY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19950821-0

1996 – USA – Paralympic X Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Atlanta. http://www.paralympic.org/atlanta-1996

1997 – Algiers – Souhane Massacre ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Souhane_massacre

2001 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre east of North Island.

2003 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Fiordland. http://www.nzsee.org.nz/db/Bulletin/Archive/36(4)0233.pdf

2008 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Yunnan, 5 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Yingjiang_earthquakes

2013 – Syria – Ghouta Chemical Attacks. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-23927399 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghouta_chemical_attack

York

1730 – James Lambert was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1805 – Right Hon. John Earl St. Vincent given Freedom of the City whilst visiting York.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf