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20 August

636 – Syria/Jordan/Israel Border – Battle of Yarmouk ended (Arab-Byzantine Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yarmouk

917 – Bulgaria – Battle of Achelous (Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Achelous_(917)

984 – Rome – Pope John XIV died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XIV

1467 – Spain – Second Battle of Olmedo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Olmedo

1499 – Ionian Sea – Battle of Zonchio, Day 2 (Ottoman-Venetian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zonchio

1519 – China – Prince of Ning Rebellion ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Ning_rebellion

1666 – Netherlands – Holmes’s Bonfire ended (Second Anglo-Dutch War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holmes%27s_Bonfire

1707 – America – First Siege of Pensacola ended (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Pensacola_(1707)

1710 – Spain – Battle of Saragossa (War of the Spanish Succession). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Saragossa

1794 – America – Battle of Fallen Timbers (Northwest Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fallen_Timbers

1810 – Isle de France – Battle of Grand Port began (Napoleonic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Grand_Port

1823 – Rome – Pope Pius VII died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_VII

1852 – USA – Steamboat Atlantic sank on Lake Erie, 150 killed. http://www.norwayheritage.com/articles/templates/great-disasters.asp?articleid=33&zoneid=1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_(1848)


1882 – Russia – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture first performed in Moscow. https://youtu.be/ZrsYD46W1U0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1812_Overture


1910 – USA – Great fire in Washington, Idaho and Montana, 87 killed. https://youtu.be/uUj_KoGXruY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.idahoforests.org/fires.htm

1914 – Rome – Pope Pius X died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_X

1914 – Brussels – Occupied by German forces (WWI). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sponsored/travel/first-world-war-centenary/10942943/brussels-under-occupation.html

1914 – Belgium – Siege of Namur began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Namur_(1914)

1920 – USA – First commercial radio station 8MK started in Detroit, Michigan. http://www.historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=1539

1926 – Japan – Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK) public broadcasting company established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NHK


1940 – UK – Winston Churchill made “Never was so much owed by so many to so few” speech. https://youtu.be/oiISJ1Z40Y4 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Never_was_so_much_owed_by_so_many_to_so_few

1942 – Panama – US Navy plane crashed at Manzanillo Bay, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420820-0

1944 – Romania – Battle of Romania began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Romania

1944 – Romania – Second Jassy-Kishinev Offensive began (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420820-0

1946 – France – BOAC plane crashed at Rouen, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460820-0

1948 – Venezuela – AVENSA plane missing off northern coast, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480820-0

1951 – USSR – GUSMP plane crashed in Rena River near Yakutsk, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510820-1

1953 – Brazil – Companhia Itaú de Transportes Aéreos plane crashed at Corumbá International Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530820-0

1955 – Algeria – Battle of Philippeville (Algerian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Philippeville

1956 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Gizhigai, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560820-0


1962 – USA – Maiden voyage of NS Savannah (first nuclear powered merchant ship). https://youtu.be/pFXlJ0RCKpU https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NS_Savannah

1968 – Czechoslovakia – Warsaw Pact Invasion began (Prague Spring). https://youtu.be/kBBuwRD0CRE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Pact_invasion_of_Czechoslovakia

1975 – USA – Viking 1 planetary probe launched. http://www.nasa.gov/50th/favpic/viking1.html

1977 – USA – Voyager 2 spacecraft launched. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/voyager/voyager20120820.html

1986 – USA – US postal employee killed 14, Edmond, Oklahoma. http://murderpedia.org/male.S/s/sherrill-patrick-henry.htm


1988 – Iraq – Iran-Iraq War ended. https://youtu.be/bdO9h_5Nupk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War

1988 – Northern Ireland – Bus bombing by Provisional IRA in Ballygawley, 28 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ballygawley_bus_bombing

1989 – UK – Pleasure boat Marchioness sank on river Thames, London, 51 killed.

1989 – Australia – O-Bahn Busway (Stage 2) opened in Adelaide. http://youtu.be/TtkLmTCOcn0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O-Bahn_Busway

1991 – Estonia – Idependence re-declared from USSR.

1997 – Algiers – Souhane Massacre started. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Souhane_massacre

2006 – Scotia Sea – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw.


2008 – Spain – Spanair Flight 5022 crashed at Madris-Barajas Airport, 154 killed. https://youtu.be/JyATVPLjJUg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20080820-0

2011 – Vanuatu – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre near Port Vila. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc0005h9f/


2011 – Canada – First Air Flight 6560 crashed near Resolute Airport, NU, 12 killed. https://youtu.be/OF1myk3VmTI  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110820-0

2012 – Venezuela – Yare Prison riot, 20 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yare_prison_riot

2016 – Turkey – Gaziantep Bombing. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-37147717

YORK

1803 – John Mansfield was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1809 – David Anderson was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf