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2 August

338BCE – Greece – Battle of Chaeronea. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chaeronea_(338_BC)


216BCE – Roman Republic – Battle of Cannae (Second Punic War). http://youtu.be/CQNCGqfjaBc http://www.roman-empire.net/army/cannae.html

47BCE – Roman Republic – Battle of Zela. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zela

257 – Rome – Pope Stephen I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_I

640 – Rome – Pope Severinus died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Severinus

686 – Rome – Pope John V died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_V

1057 – Rome – Frèdèric de Lorraine became Pope Stephen IX. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_IX

1100 – England – William II Rufus died, aged about 40, killed by an arrow whilst hunting in the New Forest, Hampshire. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=william2

1377 – Russia – Battle of Pyana River. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_on_Pyana_River

1776 – America – Declaration of Independence signed by 56 delegates of the Continental Congress. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration_history.html

1790 – USA – First Census conducted. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-02.pdf

1798 – Egypt – Battle of the Nile ended (French Revolutionary Wars). http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/battle-nile.htm

1830 – France – Charles X abdicated. Henri became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_X_of_France https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri,_Count_of_Chambord


1864 – USA – Battle of Mobile Bay began (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/Ya5IHTbCWew  http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/mobile-bay.html

1870 – UK – Tower subway opened in London. http://www.theengineer.co.uk/archive/march-1869-the-tower-subway/1015823.article

1873 – USA – Clay Street Hill Railroad, San Francisco began operating. http://www.sfcityguides.org/public_guidelines.html?article=204&submitted=TRUE&srch_text=&submitted2=&topic=Transportation

1897 – India – Siege of Malakand ended (Anglo-Afghan Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Malakand

1903 – Ottoman Empire – Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilinden%E2%80%93Preobrazhenie_Uprising

1916 – Italy – Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci sank at Taranto (WWI). http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?166268  http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C01E3D8113BEE3ABC4F51DFB7668382609EDE

1918 – Canada – General Strike in Vancouver. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1918_Vancouver_general_strike

1919 – Italy – Caproni plane crashed a Verona, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19190802-0

1922 – Republic of China – Typhoon hit Shantou, 50,000 killed. http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/mwr/050/mwr-050-08-0435a.pdf

1923 – USA – Calvin Coolidge became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/calvincoolidge

1934 – Germany – Adolf Hitler became Führer. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hitler-becomes-fuhrer

1937 – USA – Marihuana Tax Act passed. http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Marihuana_Tax_Act_of_1937.html

1937 – Panama – Pan American Grace Airways plane crashed off Cristobal, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19370802-0

1941 – Gambia – US Treasury plane crashed at Bathurst, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410802-0

1942 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Wairarapa. http://info.geonet.org.nz/display/quake/M+7.0,+Wairarapa+II,+2+August+1942

1942 – New Zealand – USAAF plane crashed near Whenuapai Air Base, 14 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420802-0

1943 – Mayanmar – USAAF plane crashed near Lahe Nanyon, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430802-0

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Rock Falls, IA, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430802-2

1943 – China – USAAF plane missing near Yunnanyi, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430802-3

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Poland – Rebellion at Treblinka camp. http://www.ushmm.org/research/the-center-for-advanced-holocaust-studies/miles-lerman-center-for-the-study-of-jewish-resistance/medals-of-resistance-award/treblinka-death-camp-revolt


1943 – Solomon Islands – Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 sunk (WWII). https://youtu.be/J7aKfENhdNk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motor_Torpedo_Boat_PT-109

1947 – Argentina – BSAA plane named Star Dust, crashed at Tupungata Mountain, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470802-0 http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2000/vanished.shtml

1949 – Brazil – Varig plane crashed at Jaquirana, RS, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490802-0

1952 – Malaysia – RAF plane crashed near Kuala Lumpur, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520802-0

1964 – Vietnam/China – Gulf of Tonkin Incident (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_of_Tonkin_incident

1968 – Philippines – Earthquake, epicentre Casiguran, Aurora, 270 killed. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0000/000084/008495EB.pdf

1972 – West Germany – Paralympic IV Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Heidelberg. http://www.paralympic.org/heidelberg-1972


1973 – UK – Fire at Summerland, Douglas, Isle of Man, 51 killed. http://youtu.be/OFq0cu7lbcw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/witness/august/2/newsid_3117000/3117063.stm

1980 – Italy – Bomb exploded at Bologna Station, 85 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/2/newsid_4532000/4532091.stm


1985 – USA – Delta Air Lines Flight 191 crashed at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, 134 killed. https://youtu.be/pADVkfv1PDU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850802-0

1989 – Sri Lanka – Valvettituarai Massacre began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_Valvettiturai_massacre


1990 – Kuwait – Gulf War began. https://youtu.be/HMV_0iTk1qs  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

1998 – Democratic Republic of the Congo – Second Congo War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Congo_War

2007 – Russia – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Tatar Strait, 2 killed.

York

1623 – Joseph Hetherington was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1672 – Robert Driffield and Mark Edmund were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1686 – Mary Cotnam was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1753 – Thomas Downing and John Wentworth alias Thomlinson were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1830 – Joseph Slater was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1847 – Yorkshire Insurance Company opened at 1 St Helen’s Square. https://heritage.aviva.com/blog/post/following-the-flame-york-david-nivens-doubles/