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19 August

14 – Roman Empire – Emperor Augustus died. http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/augustus-index.html

1458 – Rome – Bishop Enea Silvio Piccolomini became Pope Pius II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_II

1504 – Ireland – Battle of Knockdoe. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/25535786?uid=3738032&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102564698397

1561 – Scotland – Mary Queen of Scots returned from France. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary,_Queen_of_Scots#Return_to_Scotland

1612 – England – Samlesbury witch trial held. http://www.lancastercastle.com/the-samlesbury-witches

1666 – Netherlands – Holmes’s Bonfire began (Second Anglo-Dutch War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holmes%27s_Bonfire

1692 – America – 1 woman and 4 men executed for witchcraft (Salem Witch Trials). http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/brief-salem.html

1745 – Turkey – Battle of Kars ended (Ottoman-Persian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kars_(1745)

1759 – Portugal – Battle of Lagos ended (Seven Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lagos

1768 – Russia – St Isaac’s Cathedral founded in St Petersburg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Isaac%27s_Cathedral

1781 – Minorca – Siege of Fort St. Philip began (Anglo-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Minorca_(1781)

1782 – America – Battle of Blue Licks (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blue_Licks


1812 – Atlantic Ocean – USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere (War of 1812). https://youtu.be/y82IVaS646g  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Constitution_vs_HMS_Guerriere

1854 – USA – Grattan Massacre (First Sioux War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grattan_massacre

1862 – USA – First Battle of New Ulm (Dakota War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_New_Ulm#First_Battle_of_New_Ulm

1870 – France – Siege of Metz began (Franco-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Metz_(1870)

1895 – USA – John Wesley Hardin killed in El Paso, Texas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wesley_Hardin

1919 – Afghanistan – Independence from UK control.

1940 – British Somaliland – Italian Conquest ended (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=249 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_conquest_of_British_Somaliland


1942 – France – Operation Jubilee (WWII). https://youtu.be/2KDNfMe-Ffw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dieppe_Raid

1942 – Panama – US Navy plane crashed at Coco Solo, Manzanillo Bay, 13 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420819-0

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Hampstead, NH, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430819-0

1944 – USSR – Operation Bagration ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Bagration


1944 – France – Battle for Paris began (WWII). https://youtu.be/iauDlfd2Ww8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_of_Paris

1944 – Myanmar – USAAF plane crashed near Tingkawk Sakan, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440819-1

1946 – Slovenia – USAAF plane crashed near Bled, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460819-0

1948 – Malaysia – RAF plane crashed at Batu Melintang, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480819-0

1949 – UK – BEA plane crashed near Manchester-Ringway Airport, 24 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490819-0

1952 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Odiham RAF Station, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520819-0

1952 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Benson RAF Station, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520819-1

1953 – Iran – Iranian Coup D’état ended (Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

1955 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Hawthorne, NV, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550819-0


1960 – USSR – Korabl-Sputnik 2 launched. http://youtu.be/CZwmCnekxx8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korabl-Sputnik_2

1966 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw, epicentre in Varto, Mus, 2,396 killed. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0001/000126/012622EB.pdf

1978 – Iran – Cinema Rex Fire, 420 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_Rex_fire

1980 – Saudi Arabia – Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 163 crashed at Riyadh International Airport, 301 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19800819-1

1981 – Mediterranean Sea – Gulf of Sidra Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_of_Sidra_incident_(1981)


1987 – UK – Hungerford Massacre, 16 killed. https://youtu.be/h4NhJ6_pF08 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/19/newsid_2534000/2534669.stm

1989 – Hungary – Pan-European Picnic. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/hungary/articles/Sopron-Hungary-the-picnic-that-changed-the-world/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan-European_Picnic

1991 – USSR – August Coup began (Dissolution of Soviet Union). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_Soviet_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_attempt

1991 – USA – Crown Heights Riot, Brooklyn, New York City began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_Heights_riot

2002 – Fiji – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw.

2003 – Iraq – Car bomb outside United Nations building, 22 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canal_Hotel_bombing

2003 – Israel – Bus bomb in Jerusalem, 23 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/3165279.stm

2009 – Iraq – Car bombs in Baghdad, 101 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/8208976.stm

2012 – Sudan – Alfa Airlines plane crashed near Talodi, 32 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20120819-0

2013 – India – Bihar train accident, 37 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-23776408

York

1661 – Jeremiah Balderson and Richard Souly were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1761 – Edward, Duke of York stayed at Mansion House.

1775 – John Smith, Joseph Riddle and Francis Jefferson were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1786 – William Nicholson, John Charlesworth, James Braithwaite, William Sharp and William Bamford were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1886 – Rev. Henry Ward Beecher in York & lectured at York Festival Court Room.