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18 August

440 – Rome – Pope Sixtus III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sixtus_III

684 – Syria – Battle of Marj Rahit (Secon Islamic Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Marj_Rahit_(684)

1276 – Rome – Pope Adrian V died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Adrian_V

1304 – France – Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle (Franco-Flemish War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mons-en-P%C3%A9v%C3%A8le

1487 – Spain – Siege of Málaga ended (Reconquista). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_M%C3%A1laga_(1487)

1503 – Rome – Pope Alexander VI died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_VI

1559 – Rome – Pope Paul IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paul_IV

1587 – America – Virginia Dare became first English child born in the Americas. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/151518/Virginia-Dare

1612 – England – Pendle Witch Trials began at Lancaster Assizes. http://www.pendlewitches.co.uk/

1634 – France – Urbain Grandier, executed at Loudun for sorcery. http://www.witchcraftandwitches.com/trials_loudun.html

1783 – GB – Fireball meteor observed. http://www.meteoritehistory.info/UKIRELAND/FBALL.HTM#l1783 http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu//full/1989JBAA…99..130B/0000130.000.html


1864 – USA – Battle of Globe Tavern began (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/75yGiUwqPQk  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Globe_Tavern

1870 – France – Battle of Gravelotte (Franco-Prussuian War). http://www.historynet.com/the-day-of-doom-the-battle-of-gravelotte-saint-privat.htm

1891 – France – Martinique hit by hurricane, 700 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1891_Martinique_hurricane


1903 – Germany – Karl Jatho flew first powered flight, at Hanover Air https://youtu.be/5I7H7Mkh64w  http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day–Karl-Jatho-Claimed-to-Take-the-First-Manned–Motorized-Flight-.html


1917 – Greece – Great Fire in Thessaloniki. http://youtu.be/ck0YzL8Y0Do

1926 – UK – Air Union plane crashed at College Farm, Hurst, Aldington, 4 killed http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19260818-0


1938 – USA/Canada – Thousand Island Bridge dedicated by US President Franklin D Roosevelt. http://youtu.be/4zeY7ClGYL0

1938 – Italy – Macchi plane crashed at Mornago, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380818-1

1941 – Brazil – Panair do Brasil plane crashed near São Paulo, SP, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410818-0

1942 – Denmark – British bombers attacked Flensburg, also hit Sønderborg and Abenra (WWII).

1943 – Germany – British bombers attacked rocket research site at Peenemünde (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – India – USAAF plane crashed at Mowting, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430818-0

1943 – Australia – RAAF plane crashed near Bowen, Queensland, 14 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430818-3

1944 – Nigeria – USAAF plane missing between Maiduguri & Geneina, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440818-2

1945 – Switzerland – USAAF plane crashed near Zürich-Dübendorf Airport, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450818-2

1965 – South Vietnam – Operation Starlite began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Starlite

1966 – South Vietnam – Battle of Long Tan (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Long_Tan

1983 – USA – Hurricane Alicia hit Texas coast, 22 killed. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/images/hgx/hurricanes/Committee_On_Natural_Disasters_Alicia.pdf

2005 – Indonesia – Power blackout on island of Java. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4162902.stm

2008 – Pakistan – President Pervez Musharraf resigned. http://www.biography.com/#!/people/pervez-musharraf-9419281

2012 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw, epicentre in Sulawesi, 6 killed. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/20/indonesia-earthquake-kill_n_1809824.html

York

1670 – William Vasey was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1759 – William and John Cockburn were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1766 – Edward, Duke of York, stayed at York.

1798 – William Larkin executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf