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17 August

1186 – Austria – Georgenberg Pact signed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgenberg_Pact

1424 – France – Battle of Verneuil (Hundred Years’ War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Verneuil

1549 – England – Battle of Stampford Courtenay (The Prayer Book Rebellion). http://www.devonperspectives.co.uk/prayerbook_rebellion_5.html

1560 – Scotland – Protestantism established as national religion. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/subdivisions/churchofscotland_1.shtml


1585 – Belgium – Siege of Antwerp ended (Eighty Years’ War). https://youtu.be/NQAiU-yE_5I  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Antwerp

1668 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre in Anatolia, 8,000 killed.

1717 – Serbia – Siege of Belgrade ended (Austro-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Belgrade_(1717)

1740 – Rome – Pròspero Lorenzo Lambertini became Pope Benedict XIV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benedict_XIV

1771 – Scotland – First recorded ascent of Ben Nevis by James Robertson. http://ben-nevis.com/information/history/human_history/human-history.php

1862 – USA – Dakota War began (American Indian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_War_of_1862

1863 – Japan – Anglo-Satsuma War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Kagoshima

1864 – USA – Battle of Gainesville (American Civil War). http://www.civilwaralbum.com/misc5/gainesville1.htm

1896 – UK – Bridget Driscoll killed at Crystal Palace, London, first motoring fatality. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-10987606

1907 – USA – Pike Place Market, Seattle, Washington, opened. http://www.pikeplacemarket.org/history

1914 – Prussia – Battle of Stallupönen (WWI) http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/stalluponen.htm

1915 – USA – Leo Frank lynched in Marietta, Georgia. http://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/history/article/the-leo-frank-case/the-leo-frank-case http://www.aboutnorthgeorgia.com/ang/Little_Secrets

1915 – USA – Hurricane hit Galveston, Texas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1915_Galveston_hurricane

1941 – Germany – British bombers attacked rail station at Duisburg (WWII).

1942 – Germany – British bombers attacked Osnabrück (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Atlantic Ocean – RAF plane missing off Sierra Leon, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420817-2

1943 – Germany – US bombers attacked Regenburg and Schweinfurt (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Baltic Sea – Operation Hydra (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hydra_(1943)

1945 – Indonesia – Declaration of Independence from Netherland. http://www.mapsofworld.com/indonesia/independence-day.html

1947 – India/Pakistan – The Radcliffe Line revealed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radcliffe_Line

1949 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Karliova, Bingöl, 450 killed.

1950 – South Korea – Hill 303 massacre (Korean War). http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/KW-atrocities-Report.pdf

1958 – USA – Pioneer 0 launched. http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?Sort=Chron&StartYear=1950&EndYear=1959&MCode=Pioneer_00

1959 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre near Hebgen Lake, Montana, 28 killed. Quake Lake formed. http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view_print.php?book=41520 http://www.nature.nps.gov/geology/gip/web_products/YELL_2008_GIP_GrubbWheeler_hebgen.pdf

1960 – Gabon – Independence from France. http://www.mapsofworld.com/gabon/independence-day.html

1965 – USA – Watts Riots, Los Angeles, California ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watts_riots

1969 – USA – Hurricane Camille hit Gulf Coats, 256 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Camille

1970 – USSR – Venera 7 launched http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?MCode=Venera_07&Nation=USSR&Sort=Nation

1976 – Philippines – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Moro Gulf, Mindanao, followed by tsunami, 4,791 killed. http://earthquake.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/1976MoroGulfEQ/index-moro.html

1977 – North Pole – USSR icebreaker Arktika first surface ship to reach this point. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arktika_(icebreaker)

1978 – France – The Double Eagle II became first balloon to cross Atlantic Ocean, landing at Miserey. http://www.balloonsoverbritain.co.uk/atlantic-conquered

1982 – Germany – Compact Discs (CDs) first released to public. http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2012/08/the-history-of-the-compact-disc/

1988 – Pakistan – Pakistan Air Force plane crashed near Bahawalpur Airport, 30 killed, including President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19880817-0

1991 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Honeydew, California. http://www.consrv.ca.gov/cgs/geologic_hazards/earthquakes/pdfs/Documents/CG_MARAPR1992A.pdf

1999 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre in Īzmit, 45,000 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/year/1999/1999_08_17.php


2009 – Russia – Accident at Sayano-Sushenskaya Dam, Khakassia, 75 killed. http://youtu.be/bfW5MqT7CSA  http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/09/the_sayanoshushenskaya_dam_acc.html

York

1754 – Joseph Riddell and Francis Jefferson were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1807 – Roman Vault discovered by workmen near Micklegate Bar.

1850 – William Ross was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf