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16 August

963 – Byzantine Empire – Nikephoros II Phokas became Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikephoros_II_Phokas

1513 – France – Battle of Guinegate,  (War of the League of Cambrai). http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/battleofspurs.htm

1652 – English Channel – Battle of Plymouth (First Anglo-Dutch War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Plymouth

1745 – GB – Jacobite Rising of 45 began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacobite_rising_of_1745

1777 – USA – Battle of Bennington, Walloomsac, New York (American Revolutionary War). http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-bennington.htm

1780 – USA – Battle of Camden, South Carolina (American Revolutionary War). http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-camden.htm

1807 – Denmark – Second Battle of Copenhagen began (Gunboat Wars – Napoleonic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Copenhagen_(1807)

1808 – Spain – Second Siege of Gerona ended (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Siege_of_Gerona

1812 – USA – Siege of Detroit ended (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Detroit

1819 – UK – Cavalry charged at public meeting, St. Peter’s Field, Manchester, 17 killed. http://www.peterloomassacre.org/history.html

1863 – Dominican Republic – Domincan Restoration War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_Restoration_War

1869 – Paraguay – Battle of Acosta Ñu (Paraguayan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Acosta_%C3%91u

1870 – France – Battle of Mars-la-Tour (Franco-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mars-la-Tour

1891 – Philippines – Basilica of San Sebatian, Manila, inaugurated. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/518/

1896 – Canada – Gold discovered in tributary of Klondike River (Klondike Gold Rush). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klondike_Gold_Rush

1900 – South Africa – Battle of Elands River ended (Second Boer War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Elands_River_(1900)

1906 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 8.2Mw, epicentre in Valparaíso, 3886 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1906_Valpara%C3%ADso_earthquake

1913 – Japan – Tōhoku Imperial University first admitted female students. http://www.morihime.tohoku.ac.jp/100th/en/rekishi.html

1914 – Belgium – Battle of Liège ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Li%C3%A8ge

1916 – Canada (UK) & USA – Migratory Bird Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Migratory_Bird_Treaty

1918 – Serbia – Battle of Lake Baikal (Russian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Baikal

1920 – Poland – Battle of Radzymin ended (Polish-Soviet War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Radzymin_(1920)

1920 – Poland – Battle of Kock ended (Polish-Soviet War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kock_(1920)

1920 – Poland – Battle of Nasielsk ended (Polish-Soviet War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nasielsk


1927 – USA – Dole Air Race. https://youtu.be/4B9T9MCq_h8  http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist10/27dolerace.html


1930 – Canada – British Empire Games I in Hamilton started. https://youtu.be/hdWqu96OSdU http://www.thecgf.com/games/intro.asp

1933 – Canada – Christie Pits Riot. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christie_Pits_riot


1936 – Germany – XI Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Berlin. https://youtu.be/sgfVoU-CZrw http://www.olympic.org/berlin-1936-summer-Olympics

1944 – China – Battle of Guilin-Liuzhou began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guilin%E2%80%93Liuzhou

1946 – British India – Great Calcutta Killings began, 4,000+ killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_Action_Day

1954 – Laos – Air Vietnam plane crashed near Pakse, 47 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540816-0

1956 – Bahamas – USAF plane crashed near San Salvador Auxiliary AFB, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560816-0

1960 – Cyprus – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17219505

1960 – Cyprus – Archbishop Makarios III became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makarios_III

1972 – Morocco – Coup Attempt. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Moroccan_coup_attempt


1987 – USA – Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed at Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI, 156 killed. https://youtu.be/i7ijOOxARB8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19870816-2


2005 – Venezuela – West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashed near Machiques, 160 killed. https://youtu.be/Hck2MlIpGg8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20050816-0

2005 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre off east coast of Miyagi Prefecture. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4155026.stm

2013 – Philippines – MV St.Thomas Aquinas sank, 108 killed. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-23729996  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MV_St._Thomas_Aquinas

2015 – Syria – Douma Massacre, 96+ killed (Syrian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douma_massacre_(2015)

2017 – Honduras – Fuerza Aérea Hondureña plane crashed at Comayagua-Palmerola Air Base, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20170816-0

York

1642 – Charles I left York for Nottingham.

1806 – Thomas Richardson was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf