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15 August

423 – Roman Empire – Emperor Honorius died. http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/honorius.html

465 – Roman Empire – Emperor Libius Severus died. http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/libius.html

636 – Byzantine Empire – Battle of Yarmouk began (Arab-Byzantine Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yarmouk

717 – Byzantine Empire – Second Arab Siege of Constantinople began (Arab-Byzantine Wars).

718 – Byzantine Empire – Second Arab Siege of Constantinople ended (Arab-Byzantine Wars).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Constantinople_(717%E2%80%93718)

778 – Spain – Battle of Roncevaux Pass (Reconquista). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Roncevaux_Pass_(778) http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/basis/roland-ohag.asp

1057 – Scotland – Macbeth killed at Battle of Lumphanan, Lulach became King. http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=macbeth http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=lulach

1070 – England – Lanfranc became Archbishop of Canterbury. http://www.hereshistorykent.org.uk/displaytheme.cfm?pagetype=Themes&themeID=152&category=Architecture%20of%20Kent

1237 – Spain – Battle of Puig (Reconquista). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Puig

1248 – Germany – Foundation stone of Cologne Cathedral laid. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/292

1249 – Ireland – First Battle of Athenry. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Athenry

1261 – Byzantine Empire – Coronation of Michael VIII Palaiologos as Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_VIII_Palaiologos

1281 – Japan – Battle of Kōan (Mongol Invsion of Japan. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C5%8Dan  http://www.nichirenlibrary.org/en/wnd-2/PDF/en-wnd2-writ-3450.pdf

1464 – Rome – Pope Pius II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_II

1483 – Rome – Sistine Chapel consecrated by Pope Sixtus IV. http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/CSN/CSN_Storia.html

1519 – Panama – Panama City founded. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/440823/Panama-City

1537 – Paraguay – Asunción founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asunci%C3%B3n

1540 – Peru – Arequipa founded. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1016

1599 – Ireland – Battle of Curlew Pass (Nine Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Curlew_Pass

1760 – Poland – Battle of Liegnitz. http://www.britishbattles.com/frederick/battle-liegnitz.htm

1806 – Serbia – Battle of Mišar ended (First Serbian Uprising). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mi%C5%A1ar

1812 – USA – Battle of Fort Dearborn (War of 1812). http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/December-2009/The-True-Story-of-the-Deadly-Encounter-at-Fort-Dearborn/

1843 – Hawaii – Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, Honolulu, dedicated. http://www.cathedralofourladyofpeace.com/History.html

1843 – Denmark – Tivoli Gardens opened in Copenhagen. http://www.tivoli.dk/en/om/historie/

1863 – Japan – Anglo-Satsuma War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Kagoshima

1892 – UK – William Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-ewart-Gladstone


1914 – Serbia – Battle of Cer began (WWI). https://youtu.be/mqxze_aW94o https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cer


1935 – USA – Plane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska, 2 killed – Wiley Post & Will Rogers. http://youtu.be/DWFfMfs_VBI http://www.planecrashinfo.com/1935/1935-22.htm

1935 – USA – Aero Mayflower Transit Co plane crashed near Glendo, Wyoming, 3 killed. http://www.planecrashinfo.com/1935/1935-21.htm

1938 – Brazil – Syndicato Condor plane crashed at Rio de Janeiro, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380815-0

1939 – Denmark – British Airways plane crashed near Copenhagen, 6 killed. http://www.planecrashinfo.com/1939/1939-21.htm

1941 – UK – Corporal Josef Jakobs executed by firing squad became last person to be executed at Tower of London for treason. http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/josef_jakobs.htm

1941 – Austria – Fuerza Aérea Columbiana plane crashed at Palanquero Air Force Base, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410815-0

1942 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Garnett Peak, MA, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420815-0


1942 – Mediterranean Sea – Operation Pedestal ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/4Ytdbz4QItw https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Pedestal

1942 – Germany – British bombers attacked Düsseldorf, also hit Neuss (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1944 – France – Operation Dragoon began (WWII). https://youtu.be/gjF6oGr-Mjw https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dragoon

1945 – Japan – Surrendered to end war (WWII). http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/15/newsid_3581000/3581971.stm

1945 – South Korea – Independence from Japan.


1947 – India – Independence from British Government, UK. https://youtu.be/LXFc0biIhV4  http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/south_asia/2002/india_pakistan/timeline/1947.stm

1949 – Ireland – Transocean Air Lines plane crashed off Lurga Point, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490815-0

1950 – Tibet – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw, epicentre in Assam, 780+ killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1950_08_15.php


1952 – UK – Flash flood in Lynmouth, 34 killed. https://youtu.be/u6Urpw3AQDU  http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/16/newsid_2960000/2960180.stm

1960 – Republic of the Congo – Independence from France.

1963 – UK – Henry John Burnett became last man to be executed in Scotland. http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/burnett-henry-john.htm


1970 – USA – Patricia Palinkas became first woman to play professionally in American football. http://youtu.be/8N5Z36gB5ZQ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patricia_Palinkas

1971 – Bahrain – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14541322

1998 – Northen Ireland – Bomb exploded in Omagh, 27 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/15/newsid_2496000/2496009.stm

1999 – Algeria – Beni Ounif massacre, 29 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9ni_Ounif

2007 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre northwest of Chincha Alta., 519 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007gbcv/

2013 – Lebanon – Car bomb exploded in Beirut, 27 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-23716271

York

1114 – Thurstan appointed as Archbishop of York. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thurstan

1764 – Abraham Clayton was executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf