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13 August

523 – Rome – John I became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_I

1099 – Rome – Monk Ranirtius became Pope Paschal II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paschal_II

1516 – France – Treaty of Noyon signed. http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/treaty_noyon_1516.html

1521 – Aztec Empire – Siege of Tenochtitlan ended (Spanish Conquest of Aztec Empire). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Tenochtitlan

1521 – Aztec Empire – Spanish Conquest ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_conquest_of_the_Aztec_Empire

1704 – Germany – Battle of Blenheim (War of the Spanish Succession). http://www.britishbattles.com/spanish-succession/battle-blenheim.htm

1762 – Cuba – Battle of Havana ended (Anglo-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Havana_(1762)

1792 – France – Louis XVI arrested by National Tibunal, declared enemy of the people. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/louis/louisxvilinks.html

1814 – UK – Anglo-Dutch Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Dutch_Treaty_of_1814

1868 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 9.0Mw, epicentre in Arica, followed by tsunami, 25,000 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1868_08_13.php

1898 – Philippines – (Mock) Battle of Manila (Philippine Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_(1898)

1898 – Puerto Rico – Puerto Rican Campaign ended (Spanish-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rican_Campaign


1898 – Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Guam – Spanish-American War ended. https://youtu.be/SshpBcUQGqE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish%E2%80%93American_War

1905 – Norway – Referendum vote to dissolve union with Sweden. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_union_dissolution_referendum,_1905


1906 – USA – Brownsville Affair. https://youtu.be/RNGvR5n8mMA http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_browns.html

1913 – UK – Stainless steel first produced in Sheffield by Harry Brearley. http://www.museums-sheffield.org.uk/project-archive/burngreave-voices/BrearleyH.html

1918 – USA – Opha Mae Johnson became first woman to enlist in US Marine Corps. http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Opha+Mae+Johnson

1920 – Poland – Battle of Radzymin began (Polish-Soviet War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Radzymin_(1920)

1937 – China – Battle of Shanghai began (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Shanghai

1938 – Germany – CSA plane crashed at Oberkirch, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380813-0

1942 – Algeria – Air France plane crashed near Algiers, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420813-0

1943 – Austria – US bombers attacked factory at Neustadt (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Pacific Ocean – US Navy plane missing, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440813-0

1944 – Crete – Razing of Anogia began (WWII). http://www.explorecrete.com/history/WW2_Anogia_Destruction.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Razing_of_Anogeia

1947 – Romania – TARS plane crashed at Bucharest-Baneasa Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470813-0

1949 – Colombia – SEATA plane crashed near Bojacá, 32 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490813-0

1951 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Kursunlu, Cankiri, 50 killed.

1960 – Central African Republic – Independence from France. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/car/l/bl-CAR-Timeline-1.htm

1961 – East Germany – Closed border between eastern and western sectors of Berlin. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/13/newsid_3054000/3054060.stm  http://www.berlin.de/mauer/geschichte/index.en.html

1964 – UK – Peter Allan and Gwynne Evans became last people to be executed in UK. http://murderpedia.org/male.E/e/evans-gwynne.htm

1966 – Jamaica – VIII British Empire & Commonwealth Games in Kingston ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1966_British_Empire_and_Commonwealth_Games

1977 – UK – Battle of Lewisham. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lewisham

1979 – USA – Roof of Rosemont Horizon, Rosemont, Illinois collapsed, 5 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/illinois/19347/chicago-il-rosemont-stadium-roof-collapse-aug-1979


2004 – Greece – XXVIII Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Athens. https://youtu.be/U6fU95w_zFs http://www.olympic.org/athens-2004-summer-olympics


2004 – USA – Hurricane Charley hit Punta Gorda, Florida. https://youtu.be/xPaIXQslKkg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/assessments/pdfs/Charley06.pdf

2004 – Burundi – Gatumba Camp Massacre, 156 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3564358.stm

2008 – Georgia – Occupation of Gori began (Russo-Georgian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupation_of_Gori

2014 – Switzerland – Tiefencastel Derailment. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-28775998

2015 – Iraq – Baghdad Bombing, 76 killed (Iraqi Civil War). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-33901796

York

1537 – Sir Robert Aske was executed in The Pavement (or 12 July). http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/aske.htm

1817 – Isaac Bradshaw was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1825 – Isaac Charlesworth was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf