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11 August

106 – Roman Empire – South eastern part of Dacia (Romania) became Roman province.

117 – Roman Empire – Caesar Publius Aelius Trajianus Hadrianus Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/highpoint/hadrian-index.html

490 – Roman Empire – Battle of Adda. http://skepticism.org/timeline/august-history/7741-theodoric-great-scores-massive-victory-odoacer-battle-adda.html

1473 – Turkey – Battle of Otlukbeli (Ottoman-Aq Quyunlu Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Otlukbeli

1492 – Rome – Cardinal Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia became Pope Alexander VI. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/14138/Alexander-VI

1675 – Germany – Battle of Konzer Brücke (Franco-Dutch War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Konzer_Br%C3%BCcke

1691 – New France – Battle of La Prairie (King William’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_La_Prairie

1786 – Malaysia – Captain Francis Light established British Colony at Penang. http://www.visitpenang.gov.my/portal3/about-penang/history.html

1786 – GB – Earthquake measuring 5.0Mw in Whitehaven. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1791 – Russia – Battle of Cape Kaliakra (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Kaliakra

1804 – Austria – Holy Roman EmperorFrancis II became first Emperor (Francis I). http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/216736/Francis-II

1812 – Spain – Battle of Majadahonda (Peninsular War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Majadahonda

1858 – Switzerland – Charles Barrington, Christian Almer and Peter Bohren, first to climb the Eiger. http://www.summitpost.org/first-ascent-of-the-eiger-1858/172575

1919 – Germany – German Revolution ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Revolution_of_1918%E2%80%9319

1920 – Latvia/USSR – Latvian-Soviet Peace Treaty signed ending Latvian War of Independence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvian%E2%80%93Soviet_Peace_Treaty https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvian_War_of_Independence

1933 – Iraq – Simele Massacre ended, up to 3,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simele_massacre

1934 – USA – First civilian prisoners arrived at Federal prison on Alcatraz Island. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/federal-prisoners-land-on-alcatraz

1934 – UK – II British Empire Games in London ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_British_Empire_Games

1938 – USSR – Battle of Lake Khasan ended (Soviet-Japanese Border Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Khasan


1942 – USA – Hedy Lamarr and George Antheil received patent for Frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system. https://youtu.be/k2ZuUG-eV0A  https://youtu.be/_rlXHNeQD-s https://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/201106/physicshistory.cfm

1942 – Germany – British bombers attacked Mainz (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Myanmar – CNAC plane crashed at Fort Hertz Valley, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430811-0

1943 – France – USAAF plane shot down at Pleuven, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430811-1

1945 – Mexico – Mexicana de Aviacíon plane crashed at Iztaccíhuatl Volcano, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450811-0

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Marietta, GA, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450811-2

1945 – Poland – Kraków Pogrom (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak%C3%B3w_pogrom

1951 – France – Air France plane crashed at Moisville, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510811-1

1952 – Jordan – Hussein bin Talal became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein_of_Jordan

1959 – USSR – Sheremetyevo International Airport opened. http://www.svo.aero/en/history/civil/

1960 – Chad – Independence from France. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13164690

1962 – USSR – Vostok 3 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1962-036A

1965 – USA – Watts Riots, Los Angeles, California began. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/watts-riot-begins


1968 – UK – The last steam hauled train ran between Liverpool and Carlisle. http://youtu.be/GTY0YPsLePg  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7418180.stm

1972 – West Germany – Paralympic IV Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Heidelberg. http://www.paralympic.org/heidelberg-1972

1976 – Canada – Paralympic V Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Toronto. http://www.paralympic.org/toronto-1976

1979 – Egypt – Bahri Aviation plane crashed near Katab, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790811-0

1979 – Ukraine – Aeroflot & Moldova planes mid-air crash near Dneprodzerzhinsk, 178 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790811-1

1982 – USA – Bomb exploded on Pan Am Flight 830, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820811-0


1999 – USA – Tornado hit Salt Lake City, 1 killed. http://youtu.be/80DnMx8ER3Y http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/slc/climate/tornado.php

2006 – Philippines – Oil tanker Solar 1 sank off coast, causing oil spill. http://www.cedre.fr/en/spill/solar/solar.php

2012 – Iran – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre Tabriz, 306 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19226500

2017 – Egypt – Alexandria train crash, 41 killed. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-40903723