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12 August

30BC – Egypt – Cleopatra VII committed suicide. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/cleopatra.shtml

875 – Italy & Holy Roman Empire – Louis II died, Charles II the Bald became King and Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_II_of_Italy  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Bald

1042 – Syria – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Palmyra, Baalbek, 50,000 killed.

1099 – Fatimid Caliphate – Battle of Ascalon (First Crusade). http://burnpit.legion.org/2011/08/battle-ascalon-crusaders-defeat-egyptian-relief-army

1099 – Levant, Anatolia – First Crusade ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Crusade

1121 – Georgia – Battle of Didgori (Georgian-Seljuk Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Didgori

1157 – Syria – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw.

1164 – Syria – Battle of Harim (Crusades). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Harim

1323 – Russia – Treaty of Nöteborg signed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_N%C3%B6teborg

1332 – Scotland – Battle of Dupplin Moor (Wars of Scottish Independence). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=73

1484 – Rome – Pope Sixtus IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sixtus_IV

1499 – Ionian Sea – Battle of Zonchio, Day 1 (Ottoman-Venetian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zonchio

1687 – Hungary – Second Battle of Mohács (Great Turkish War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Moh%C3%A1cs_(1687)

1689 – Rome – Pope Innocent XI died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_XI

1707 – America – First Siege of Pensacola began (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Pensacola_(1707)

1757 – GB – Earthquake, epicentre in Holyhead. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1758 – Poland – Battle of Kunersdorf (Seven Years’ War). https://www.britishbattles.com/frederick-the-great-wars/seven-years-war/battle-of-kunersdorf/

1765 – India – Treaty of Allahabad signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Allahabad

1806 – Serbia – Battle of Mišar began (First Serbian Uprising). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mi%C5%A1ar

1831 – Belgium – Battle of Leuvan began (Ten Days’ Campaign – Belgian Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Leuven_(1831)

1831 – Belgium – Ten Days’ Campaign ended (Belgian Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Days%27_Campaign

1851 – USA – Isaac Singer granted patent for sewing machine. http://www.biography.com/people/isaac-singer-9485021

1865 – Argentina – Battle of Paso de Cuevas (Paraguayan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Paso_de_Cuevas

1866 – Austrian Empire – Third Italian War of Independence ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Italian_War_of_Independence

1914 – UK – Declared war on Austria-Hungary (WWI). http://www.greatwar.co.uk/timeline/ww1-events-1914.htm

1914 – Belgium – Battle of Haelen (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/haelen.htm

1918 – France – Battle of Amiens ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Amiens_(1918)

1920 – Poland – Battle of Warsaw began (Polish-Soviet War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Warsaw_(1920)

1928 – Netherlands – IX Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Amsterdam. http://www.olympic.org/amsterdam-1928-summer-olympics

1936 – Germany – British Airways plane crashed near Altenkirchen, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19360812-0

1941 – Germany – British bombers hit Hanover, and power stations in Knapsack and Quadrath (WWII).

1942 – Germany – British bombers attacked Mainz, also hit Kempten and Gaulsheim (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Italy – Sant’ Anna di Stazzema massacre, 560 killed (WWII). http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Stazzema.html

1944 – Poland – Wola massacre ended, 40,000 killed (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wola_massacre

1944 – Ireland – RAF plane crashed near Corlea, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440812-2

1944 – France – Alençon liberated (WWII).

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Memphis Municipal Airport, TN, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440812-3

1948 – Pakistan – Babrra Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babrra_massacre

1950 – South Korea – Bloody Gulch massacre (Korean War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Gulch_massacre

1951 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed at Vilyuisk, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510812-1

1952 – Brazil – Transportes Aéreos Nacionales plane crashed at Palmeira de Goiás, GO, 24 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520812-0

1952 – USSR – ‘Night of the Murdered Poets’. 13 killed. http://www.executedtoday.com/2009/08/12/1952-night-of-the-murdered-poets/

1953 – USSR – Joe 4, nuclear weapons test. http://www.atomicarchive.com/History/hbomb/page_14.shtml

1953 – Greece – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, damage to Zakynthos and Kefalonia. http://www.greeka.com/ionian/kefalonia/kefalonia-history/kefalonia-earthquake.htm

1953 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Springfield-Westover AFB, MA, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530812-0

1954 – Vietnam – Autrex plane crashed, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540812-0

1960 – USA – Echo 1 communications satellite launched. http://www.nasa.gov/missions/science/f-satellites.html

1969 – Northern Ireland – Battle of Bogside began (The Troubles). http://news.bbc.co.uk/panorama/hi/front_page/newsid_7968000/7968707.stm

1976 – Lebanon – Tel-al-Zaatar massacre, up to 3,500 killed (Lebanese Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_al-Zaatar_massacre

1977 – Sri Lanka – Anti-Tamil Pogrom began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977_anti-Tamil_pogrom

1978 – Japan /China – Treaty of Peace and Friendship signed. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/China-Japan-Relations/2013-09/25/content_16992761.htm

1978 – Canada – XI Commonwealth Games in Edmonton ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_Commonwealth_Games

1984 – USA – XXIII Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Los Angeles. http://www.olympic.org/los-angeles-1984-summer-Olympics


1985 – Japan – Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashed into Osutaka ridge, 520 killed. https://youtu.be/lqvav-vKZkI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850812-1

1985 – Indonesia – Merpati Nusantara Airlines plane crashed near Mulia Airport, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850812-0

1985 – USA – Two planes crashed mid air at Quinlan, Texas, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850812-2

1990 – USA – Tyronnosaurus Rex skeleton found in South Dakota. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/skeleton-of-tyrannosaurus-rex-discovered


2000 – Barents Sea – K-141 Kursk submarine exploded. https://youtu.be/WonwH-4qekM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_submarine_K-141_Kursk

2007 – Gibraltar – Bulk carrier New Flame and oil tanker Torm Gertrud collided. http://www.cedre.fr/en/spill/new-flame/new-flame.php

2008 – Georgia – Russo-Georgian War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Georgian_War

2010 – Ecuador – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Pastaza. http://earthquake-report.com/2010/08/12/massive-deep-earthquake-of-m-7-2-hits-ecuador/

2012 – UK – XXX Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in London. https://youtu.be/ij3sgRG5sPY http://www.olympic.org/london-2012-summer-Olympics

2015 – China – Tianjin explosions, 173 killed. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-33844084 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Tianjin_explosions

York

1820 – Joseph Pickersgill, Charles Puncheon, William Kettlewell and Thomas Smith were  executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1825 – Robbery at The Clock Inn, Walmgate.

1837 – Thomas Williams was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf