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1 August

30BCE – Roman Republic – Octavian Caesar captures Alexandria, Egypt. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alexandria_(30_BC)

527 – Roman Empire – Emperor Justin I died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_I

527 – Roman Empire – Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus Augustus became Roman Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justinian_I

1203 – Byzantine Empire – Siege of Constantinople ended (Fourth Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Constantinople_(1203)

1664 – Kingdom of Hungary – Battle of Saint Gotthard (Austro-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Saint_Gotthard_(1664)

1714 – GB – Queen Anne died, aged 49. George I became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=anne http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george1

1759 – Prussia – Battle of Minden (Seven Years’ War). http://www.britishbattles.com/seven-years/minden.htm

1798 – Egypt – Battle of the Nile began (French Revolutionary Wars). http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/battle-nile.htm

1800 – GB/UK – Act of Union passed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/acts_of_union_01.shtml

1831 – UK – New London Bridge opened. http://www.engineering-timelines.com/scripts/engineeringItem.asp?id=664

1834 – British Empire – Slavery abolished (Slavery Abolition Act 1833). http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/slavery-abolished-throughout-british-empire

1838 – British Empire – Most non-labourer slaves emancipated. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/rights/emancipation.htm

1840 – British Empire – Most labourer slaves emancipated. http://scholar.library.miami.edu/emancipation/culture2.html

1842 – USA – Lombard Street Riot, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. https://buildnationblog.wordpress.com/2016/04/11/1842-lombard-street-riot/comment-page-1/

1876 – USA – Colorado became 38th State. http://www.50states.com/colorado.htm

1894 – China, Korea, and Taiwan – First Sino-Japanese War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sino-Japanese_War

1914 – Germany – Declared war on Russia (WWI). http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-world-war-erupts-in-europe http://www.firstworldwar.com/timeline/1914.htm

1927 – China – Nanchang Uprising (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanchang_Uprising


1936 – Germany – XI Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Berlin. https://youtu.be/_s_K3-FEwQA http://www.olympic.org/berlin-1936-summer-Olympics

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Krupp factory, Essen. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Poland – Warsaw Uprising began (WW2). http://www.warsawuprising.com/

1944 – China – CNAC plane crashed at Baldy Mountain, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440801-1

1948 – Pakistan – Onzeair plane crashed at Karachi-Mauripur RAF Station, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480801-0

1948 – Senagal – Air France plane missing off Dakar, 52 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480801-1

1964 – Belgian Congo – Renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo. https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo

1966 – USA – Gunman at University of Texas, Austin, 16 killed. http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/mass/whitman/index_1.html

1969 – Benin – Independence from France.

1976 – Canada – XXI Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Montreal. http://www.olympic.org/montreal-1976-summer-olympics

1980 – Republic of Ireland – Train crash at Buttevant Station, 18 killed. http://www.buttevant.ie/Buttevant-Rail-Disaster-(1980).html

1980 – Iceland – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir elected President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vigd%C3%ADs_Finnbogad%C3%B3ttir


1984 – UK – ‘Lindow Man’ discovered at Lindow Moss, Cheshire. https://youtu.be/aQwB9mdLzlc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindow_Man http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=808672&partId=1


1984 – UK – Paralympic VII Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Stoke Mandeville (Part II). https://youtu.be/Ni-Wp_a5LAw  http://www.paralympic.org/stoke-mandeville-new-york-1984

2003 – Dominican Republic – Summer XIV Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Pan_American_Games

2004 – Paraguay – Fire at supermarket, Asunción, 396 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/aug/02/3

2007 – Vanuatu – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007fmba/


2007 – USA – Mississippi River Bridge, Minneapolis, Minnesota collapsed. http://youtu.be/LUulELs-Bmw  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/summary/har0803.htm


2008 – Pakistan/China – 11 mountaineers died on K2. https://youtu.be/lichvstviKg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_K2_disaster

York

1639 – Robert Skelton was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1761 – Robert King was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1803 – Martha Chapel was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

2010 – Yorkshire Museum reopened after restructuring of interior. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/york/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_8870000/8870717.stm