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9 April

193 – Roman Empire – Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/sept-severus.html

491 – Roman Empire – Emperor Zeno died. http://www.roman-empire.net/constant/zeno.html

715 – Rome – Pope Constantine died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Constantine

1024 – Rome – Pope Benedict VIII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_VIII

1241 – Poland – Battle of Legnica (Mongol Invasion of Poland). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Legnica

1388 – Switzerland – Battle of Näfels. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_N%C3%A4fels

1413 – England – Coronation of Henry V. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry5

1440 – Denmark – Christopher of Bavaria became King.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_of_Bavaria

1454 – Italy – Treaty of Lodi signed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lodi

1483 – England – Edward IV died, aged 40.  Edward V became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward4 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward5

1511 – England – St. John’s College, Cambridge founded. http://www.joh.cam.ac.uk/college-history

1555 – Rome – Cardinal Marcello Cervini became Pope Marcellus II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Marcellus_II

1605 – Finland – Oulu founded by Charles IX of Sweden. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oulu

1609 – Belgium – Treaty of Antwerp signed (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Antwerp_(1609)

1609 – Spain – Expulsion of the Moriscos decreed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expulsion_of_the_Moriscos

1682 – America – Louisiana discovered by Robert Cavelier de La Salle. http://www.louisiana.culture.fr/en/index.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9-Robert_Cavelier,_Sieur_de_La_Salle

1782 – America – Battle of the Saintes began (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Saintes


1865 – USA – American Civil War & Appomattox Campaign ended with Battle of Appomattox Courthouse, Robert E Lee surrendered. https://youtu.be/DlmCxg7TalE  http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/appomattox-courthouse/appomattox-court-house-history/surrender.html

1867 – Alsaka – US Senate vote to purchase from Russia. http://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/alaska-purchase

1914 – Mexico – Action of 9 April (Mexican Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_9_April_1914

1917 – France – Battle of Vimy Ridge began (WWI). https://youtu.be/xaywRnWrhzI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vimy_Ridge


1917 – France – Battle of Arras began (WWI). https://youtu.be/v95DXJ6ICCE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Arras_(1917)

1937 – UK – The Kamikaze arrived at Croydon Airport, London, first Japanese plane to fly to Europe. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamikaze_(aircraft)  http://ww2db.com/aircraft_spec.php?aircraft_model_id=323


1940 – Denmark/Norway – Operation Weserübung began (WWII). https://youtu.be/z809QvwdS6U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Weser%C3%BCbung

1940 – Norway – Battles of Narvik began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Narvik

1940 – Norway – Norwegian Campaign began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_Campaign

1942 – Philippines – Battle of Bataan ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bataan

1942 – Philippines – Bataan Death March began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataan_Death_March

1942 – Ceylon – Battle of Ceylon (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Sunday_Raid

1943 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Tezu, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430409-0

1945 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Kiaokie, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450409-2

1945 – Germany – Battle of Königsberg ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C3%B6nigsberg


1947 – USA – Tornadoes hit Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas, 181 killed. https://youtu.be/09EUfLDfG6Q  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.srh.noaa.gov/ama/?n=1947tornado

1947 – USA – Journey of Reconciliation (First Interracial Freedom Ride). http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/people/full_roster

1948 – Venezuela – SCOLTA plane missing, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480409-0

1948 – Colombia – El Bogotazo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogotazo

1948 – Palestine – Deir Yassin Massacre, 111 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deir_Yassin_massacre

1951 – Hong Kong – Siamese Airways plane crashed near Cape d’Arguilar, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510409-0

1952 – Japan – JAL plane crashed at Mihara Volcano, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520409-0

1952 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Camp Edwards, MA, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520409-2

1952 – Bolivia – Bolivian National Revolution began. http://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/bolivian-national-revolution/

1955 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Norfolk NAS Chambers, VA, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550409-0

1960 – South Africa – Attempted assassination of Prime Minister Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/apartheid/a/Hendrik-Frensch-Verwoerd.htm


1961 – USA – Pacific Electric Railway in Los Angeles ceased operations. https://youtu.be/Bk2xhRCoAEw  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Electric

1965 – USA – Astrodome opened. https://youtu.be/MCNfSjG3me0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrodome

1969 – UK – Maiden flight of Concorde 002 between Filton and RAF Fairford. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/bristol/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_7963000/7963821.stm

1989 – Georgia – Tbilisi Tragedy, 20 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_9_tragedy


1991 – Georgia – Independence from USSR. https://youtu.be/3Qoo2OYM9zo http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17303471

1999 – Kosovo – Battle of Košare began (Kosovo War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ko%C5%A1are

2005 – UK – Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles at Windsor’s Guildhall. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/prince_charles_and_camilla_parker_bowles_wedding

2008 – Loyalty Islands – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2008/us2008qqa2/

2009 – Georgia – Protest against government held in Tbilisi. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/apr/09/georgia-protests-mikheil-saakashvili

2013 – Iran – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw, epicentre in Bushehr, 850 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-22077834

2013 – Serbia – Velika Invanča Shooting, 13 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bogdanovic-ljubisa.htm

2014 – USA – Franklin Regional High School Stabbing. http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/09/justice/pennsylvania-school-stabbing/

York

1639 – Royal Press probably in York to print Charles I’s statement “For the Suppression of Various Monopolies”.

1759 – Benjamin Hoult was executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1769 – The York Theatre was opened as The Theatre Royal. http://www.theatrestrust.org.uk/resources/theatres/show/2196-theatre-royal-york#images

1791 – James Gould was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1809 – Jonathan Graham was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1842 – Jonathan Taylor and Robert Nall were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1853 – Henry Dobson was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf