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7 April

451 – Gaul – Attilla the Hun sacked Metz. http://skepticism.org/timeline/april-history/4767-attila-the-hun-sacks-metz-headed-for-more-cities-in-gaul.html


1141 – England – Matilda proclaimed “Lady of the English”. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ELHjyJJsTUQ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Matilda

1348 – Holy Roman Empire – Charles University founded in Prague http://www.topuniversities.com/universities/charles-university/undergrad

1655 – Rome – Cardinal Fabio Chigi became Pope Alexander VII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_VII

1767 – Siam – Burmese-Siamese War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burmese%E2%80%93Siamese_War_(1765%E2%80%9367)

1788 – America – Pioneers established Marietta, Ohio. http://www.mariettaoh.net/government/mayor/history

1827 – UK – First Friction Match sold by inventor John Walker. http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blmatch.htm

1831 – Brazil/Portugal – Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil resigned to become King Pedro IV of Portugal. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_I_of_Brazil

1862 – USA – Battle of Shiloh ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/shiloh.html

1864 – Denmark – Battle of Dybbøl began (Second Schleswig War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dybb%C3%B8l

1890 – Japan – First Lake Biwa Canal completed. http://www.ndl.go.jp/scenery/kansai/e/column/kyoto_incline_and_lake_biwa_canal.html

1906 – Italy – Mount Vesuvius erupted, Naples hit. http://www.volcanolive.com/vesuvius.html

1908 – UK – Herbert Henry Asquith became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/herbert-henry-asquith

1918 – Belgium – Battle of the Lys began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Lys_(1918)

1922 – France – Two planes collided mid air near Picardie, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19220407-0

1936 – USA – TWA Flight 1 crashed near Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19360407-0

1938 – China – Battle of Taierzhuang ended (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taierzhuang

1939 – Albania – Italian Invasion began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_invasion_of_Albania

1941 – Yugoslavia – German bombing of Belgrade (Operation Retribution – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Retribution_(1941)

1943 – Ukraine – 1,100 Jews killed by Nazis soldiers in Terebovlia (WWII).

1943 – India – CNAC plane crashed near Minzong, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430407-0

1945 – Japan – Battleship Yamato sunk in Operation Ten-Go (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Yamato https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Ten-Go

1945 – Yugoslavia – Visoko liberated (WWII).

1945 – China – USAAF plane missing, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450407-0

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Lawrenceville-George AAF, IL, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450407-1

1948 – Switzerland – World Health Organization founded. http://www.who.int/about/history/en/

1948 – China – A Buddhist monastery burned in Shanghai, 20 killed.

1955 – UK – Sir Winston Churchill resigned Sir Anthony Eden became Prime Minister (Conservative). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/winston-churchill https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/anthony-eden

1958 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Huslia, Alaska. http://bssa.geoscienceworld.org/content/50/4/489.abstract

1989 – Norway – Soviet submarine Komsomolets sank off coast, 42 killed. http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/row/rus/si-montgomery.htm


1990 – Norway/Denmark – MS Scandinavian Star sank, 158 killed. https://youtu.be/czDPY_GIg3E  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS_Scandinavian_Star

1994 – Rwanda – Massacres of Tutsis began. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-26875506


1994 – USA – Federal Express Flight 705 hijacked, landed at Memphis International Airport. https://youtu.be/7KFplvedfCI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressinghttp://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940407-0

1995 – Chechnya – Samashki Massacre began (First Chechen War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samashki_massacre

1999 – Turkey – Turkish Airlines Flight 5904 crashed near Hamdilli, Ceyhan, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19990407-0


2001 – USA – Mars Odyssey launched. https://youtu.be/KEC6OLHQkII http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/mission/

2005 – Iraq – Jalal Talabani became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jalal_Talabani

York

1729 – William Bryant and Robert Wheat were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1739 – John Stead was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

 

 

 

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1739 – John Palmer alias Richard Turpin was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1753 – David Harkness was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1781 – Joseph Linwood was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1787 – Daniel Goldthorpe, William Bryan, Thomas West, John Thompson, John Morritt and Timothy O’Brien were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1798 – Peter Buck, Robert Hollingworth and George Ledger were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1810 – Edward Francis Spence, Robert King, Robert Vessey and Frances Thompson were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf