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5 April

823 – Italy – Coronation of Lothair I. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lothair_I

1081 – Byzantine Empire – Coronation of Alexiss I Comnenos. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexios_I_Komnenos

1242 – Estonia – Battle on the Ice (Northern Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_on_the_Ice

1614 – America – Marriage of Pocahontas to John Rolfe. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pocahontas-marries-john-rolfe  http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/colonial/indians/marries.html

1710 – GB – Statute of Anne received Royal Assent. http://www.copyrighthistory.com/anne.html

1722 – Easter Island – Discovered by Jacob Roggeveen. http://www.easterislandtraveling.com/easter-island/history/ship-logs-and-journals/jacob-roggeveen-1722/

1795 – Switzerland – Peace of Basel signed (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Basel

1804 – UK – Meteorite fell in Possil, Scotland. http://web2.ges.gla.ac.uk/~mlee/high_possil/high_possil.html

1818 – Chile – Battle of Maipú (Chilean War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Maip%C3%BA

1847 – UK – First civic public park opened in Birkenhead. http://www.parksandgardens.org/places-and-people/site/415?preview=1

1862 – USA – Battle of Yorktown began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/yorktown.html

1879 – Peru/Bolivia – War of the Pacific began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Pacific

1897 – Greece – Greco-Turkish War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Turkish_War_(1897)

1900 – Crete – Clay tablet with Linear B script discovered at Knossos. http://sirarthurevans.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/collection/linearb/

1918 – France – Operation Michael ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Michael

1923 – USA – Firestone Tyre & Rubber Company began producing balloon tyres. http://www.firestonetire.com/about/heritage

1932 – Finland – Alcohol Prohibition ended. http://modernhistorian.blogspot.co.uk/2011/04/on-this-day-in-history-prohibition.html

1933 – USA – President Roosevelt issued executive orders forbidding hoarding of gold by US citizens. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/investing/gold/9968494/Roosevelts-gold-confiscation-could-it-happen-again.html

1936 – USA – Twelve tornadoes struck south eastern areas. https://youtu.be/CnK17-DjEgo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1936_Tupelo%E2%80%93Gainesville_tornado_outbreak

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Wilhelmshaven (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Germany – RAF attacked Kalk (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Makapu’u, HI, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420405-0

1942 – Ceylon – Easter Sunday Raid (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Sunday_Raid

1943 – Belgium – American bombers accidentally hit Mortsel, 900+ killed (WWII). http://ww2today.com/5th-april-1943-belgium-tragedy-in-usaaf-daylight-bombing-raid

1948 – Germany – British European Airways airplane and Soviet Air Force airplane collided near RAF Gatow, Berlin, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480405-0

1950 – India – Deccan Airways plane crashed near Calcutta–Dum Dum Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500405-0

1952 – USA – US Airlines Flight 4-2 crashed near New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520405-0

1952 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Magdagachi, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520405-1

1970 – USA – Newhall Massacre, 5 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newhall_massacre

1976 – China – Tiananmen Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_Incident

1976 – UK – James Callaghan became Prime Minister (Labour). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/james-callaghan

1986 – Germany – Bomb explosion of La Belle Discothèque, West Berlin, 3 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/5/newsid_4357000/4357255.stm


1991 – Georgia – Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311 crashed near Brunswick-Glynco Jetport, GA, 23 killed. https://youtu.be/BM0qv7VHu-I WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19910405-0

1992 – Bosnia and Herzegovina – Siege of Sarajevo began (Bosnian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Sarajevo

1998 – Japan – Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge opened. http://www.jb-honshi.co.jp/english/bridgeworld/bridge.html

2009 – North Korea – Satellite Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwangmy%C5%8Fngs%C5%8Fng-2

2010 – USA – Explosion at Upper Big Branch Mine, West Virginia, 29 killed. http://www.nttc.edu/programs&projects/minesafety/disasterinvestigations/upperbigbranch/toc.asp

2016 – Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh clashes ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2016_Nagorno-Karabakh_clashes

York

1557 – Hospital of Our Lady in the Horsefair formally granted to Dean & Chapter.

1764 – From this day fellies (width of wheels) on carts to be at least 6 inches.

1788 – Elijah and Joseph Pulleyn, Catherine Savage, Thomas Greenwood, David Lord, James Ashforth, John Easlewood and Joseph King were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1806 – George Ormond was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1807 – Thomas Jewett was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1830 – William Shaw was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf


2012 – Queen Elizabeth II distributed Maundy Money at a service held in York Minster. http://youtu.be/G-UdX4hqUbA  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-york-north-yorkshire-17611227