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3 April

1043 – England – Coronation of Edward the Confessor at Winchester Cathedral. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edwardconfessor

1077 – Italy – Parliament created in Friuli.

1287 – Rome – Pope Honorius IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_IV

1559 – Italy/France – Italian War ended with signing of Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_War_of_1551%E2%80%9359#Peace_of_Cateau-Cambr.C3.A9sis_.281559.29

1860 – USA – First successful pony-express from St Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California began. http://ponyexpress.org/history/

1865 – USA – Fall of Richmond, Virginia (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/warfare/richmond.html

1881 – Alacati – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Chios, Cesme, 7,866 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1881_Chios_earthquake

1882 – USA – Jesse James killed by Robert Ford. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_James


1888 – UK – Whitechapel Murders began. https://youtu.be/QillRG1gZJA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitechapel_murders

1895 – UK – Oscar Wilde v Queensberry trial began. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/wilde/wildeaccount.html


1933 – Nepal – First flight over Mount Everest. https://youtu.be/9zK4WblHxkI https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2013/apr/04/everest-conquered-from-air-1933

1936 – USA – Bruno Richard Hauptmann executed for kidnapping and death of Charles Lindbergh Jr. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/hauptmann/bruno.html

1937 – USA – KLM Royal Dutch Airlinesplane crashed at McNary, AZ, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19370403-0

1945 – Germany – USAAF plane shot down near Ettinghausen, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450403-2

1946 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Stoney Cross RAF Station, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460403-0

1948 – South Korea – Jeju Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_Uprising

1954 – Turkey – DHY plane crashed at Adana, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540403-0

1955 – Brazil – Companhia Itaú de Transprtes Aéreos plane crashed near Vitória-Goiabeiras Airport, ES, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550403-0


1956 – USA – Tornado struck western half of Lower Peninsula of Michigan. https://youtu.be/saUr-j93RKQ  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_1956_tornado_outbreak


1963 – USA – Birmingham Campaign began. https://youtu.be/-0lD37bq8YI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birmingham_campaign


1968 – USA – Martin Luther King gave “I’ve been to the mountaintop” speech. https://youtu.be/TmZvkHpX_Q4  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I%27ve_Been_to_the_Mountaintop

1973 – USA – First hand-held mobile phone call made. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_mobile_phones#Handheld_mobile_phone


1974 – USA – 148 tornadoes over two days recorded, 319 killed. https://youtu.be/HBC7nI_AMq8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_Outbreak

1975 – Vietnam – Operation Babylift began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Babylift


1996 – Croatia – USAF airplane crashed near Dubrovnik Airport, 35 killed. https://youtu.be/tBJJpqq8wF4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960403-0

1997 – Algeria – Thalit massacre began, 52 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9704/06/algeria.massacre/

2003 – Iraq – Battle of Baghdad began (Invasion of Iraq). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Baghdad_(2003)


2007 – France – V150 high-speed train set official world speed record. https://youtu.be/EOdATLzRGHc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_V150_(High_Speed_Train)_-_France

2008 – USA – ATA Airlines filed for bankruptcy and ceased operations. http://avstop.com/history/historyofairlines/ata_airlines_formerly_known_as_american_trans_air.htm

2008 – Suriname – Blue Wings Airlines plane crashed at Lawa-Antino Airport, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20080403-0

2009 – USA – Binghamton Shootings, 14 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binghamton_shootings

2011 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw, epicentre in Java, 1 killed.

2013 – Argentina – Floods in La Plata & Buenos Aires, 50+ killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-22016255

York

1573 – George Rutby, Robert de Scheele, Edward de Lavoiffier, Thomas de Berthollet, William Diequemare, Robert de Rosier, Robert de Alcock, Robert Charles de Aleym, and George Richard de Allestry were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1607 – Stephen Dobson, Esq was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1674 – Amos Cropper was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1757 – George Trotter was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1769 – Valentine Bailey was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1813 – John Senior, Henry Sutcliffe, John Robinson, John James and Robert Turner were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1858 – Joseph Shepherd was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1938 – New island platforms 15 & 16 became partially operative at York Station.

1952 – Last of 42 houses at Gale Lane, Acomb, opened, built under York Master Builders’ Apprenticeship Training Scheme.