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27 April

629 – Sasanian Empire – Coronation of King Shahrbaraz. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahrbaraz

1296 – Scotland – Battle of Dunbar (First War of Scottish Independence). http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/dunbar-i-summ.pdf

1521 – Philippines – Battle of Mactan. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mactan

1522 – Italy – Battle of Bicocca (Italian War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bicocca

1570 – England – Elizabeth I excommunicated by Pope Pius V. http://tudorhistory.org/primary/papalbull.html

1578 – France – Duel of the Mignons. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Mignons#The_Duel_of_the_Mignons

1605 – Rome – Pope Leo XI died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_XI

1650 – Scotland – Battle of Carbisdale (Scottish Civil War). http://bcw-project.org/military/third-civil-war/carbisdale

1777 – USA – Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ridgefield

1805 – Libya – Battle of Derne began (First Barbary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Derne

1813 – Canada – Battle of York (War of 1812). http://www.fortyork.ca/history-of-fort-york.html

1856 – Crimean Peninsula – Crimean War ended. https://youtu.be/BS37xW-SuJc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.victorianweb.org/history/crimea/chron.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimean_War


1865 – USA – Steamboat SS Sultana exploded and sank in Mississippi river, 1700 killed. https://youtu.be/Z-ureLMb1wA http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/05/0501_river5.html


1908 – UK – IV Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in London. https://youtu.be/es5LLX1uSmk http://www.olympic.org/london-1908-summer-olympics

1909 – Ottoman Empire – Sultan Abdul Hamid II overthrown and succedded by Mehmed V. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Hamid_II http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehmed_V

1927 – Chile – Carabineros de Chile created. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carabineros_de_Chile

1941 – Greece – Axis Occupation began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_occupation_of_Greece

1941 – Slovinia – Liberation Front of the Slovenian People established (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_Front_of_the_Slovene_Nation

1942 – UK – Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Norwich (1st time) (WWII).   http://www.eafa.org.uk/catalogue/1292

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Rostock (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – New Caledonia – US Navy plane crashed at Tontouta Bay, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430427-0

1945 – Italy – Battle of Collecchio ended (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=304

1945 – Burma – Battle of Pegu began (Operation Dracula – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dracula#Battle_for_Pegu

1945 – USA – Page Airways plane crashed at Washington- National Airport, DC, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450427-0

1945 – France – USAAF plane crashed near Hesdin, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450427-1

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Claude, Tx, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450427-2

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Emison Auxiliary Airfield, IN, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450427-3

1950 – South Africa – Group Areas Act passed, formally segregated races. http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/south-african-government-passes-group-areas-act

1953 – Korea – Operation Moolah (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Moolah

1960 – Togo – Independence from France. http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ad42


1961 – Sierra Leone – Independence from UK, Milton Margai became Prime Minister. https://youtu.be/VYR4QO5NLlg http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/27/newsid_2502000/2502411.stm


1967 – Canada – Expo 67 officially opened. https://youtu.be/DEly-bm5eU0  http://expo67.ncf.ca/

1976 – Virgin Islands – American Airlines Flight 625, crashed near St Thomas-Harry S Truman Airport, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19760427-1

1980 – Thailand – Thai Airways Flight 231 crashed near Don Mueang International Airport, Bangkok, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19800427-0

1982 – South Korea – Gunman in Gyeongsangnam-do, 57 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bum-kon-woo.htm

1992 – UK – Betty Boothroyd became first female speaker in House of Commons. http://www.parliament.uk/biographies/lords/baroness-boothroyd/679

1993 – Gabon – Zambian Air Force plane crashed near Libreville Airport, 30 killed incl. Zambian National Football team. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19930427-2

1994 – South Africa – Black citizens allowed to vote for first time in a democratic general election.

1996 – Lebanon/Israel – Operation Grapes of Wrath ended (South Lebanon Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Grapes_of_Wrath

2005 – France – First flight of Airbus A380 from Toulouse. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4488361.stm

2006 – USA – Construction began on Freedom Tower, New York. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/28/nyregion/28rebuild.html?_r=0

2011 – USA – 305 tornadoes hit southeastern states, 315 killed. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/tornadoes/2011/4#0426

2012 – Ukraine – Dnipropetrovsk explosions. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-ukraine-blasts-idUSBRE83Q0MX20120427 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Dnipropetrovsk_explosions

2014 – Rome – Pope John XXIII & Pope John Paul II declared saints. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XXIII  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_Paul_II