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26 April

757 – Rome – Pope Stephen II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_II

1336 – France – Francesco Petrarca climbed Mount Ventoux. http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Petrarch.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petrarch

1564 – England – William Shakespeare baptised in Stratford upon Avon. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare

1607 – America – English Colonist reach Cape Henry, Virginia. http://bearingdrift.com/2012/04/26/on-the-405th-anniversary-of-the-landing-at-cape-henry/

1721 – Iran – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre in Tabriz, 80,000-250,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1721_Tabriz_earthquake

1777 – USA – Sybil Ludington rode 40 miles to alert of approaching British forces. https://youtu.be/4OmrMY-c9Ic https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sybil_Ludington

1794 – France – Battle of Beaumont (Flanders Campaign – French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Beaumont_(1794)

1803 – France – Meteor fragments hit L’Aigle. http://www.q-mag.org/whodunit-the-fall-of-a-meteorite-at-laigle-on-the-6th-of-floreal-of-the-year-11.html

1865 – USA – John Wilkes Booth killed by Union Cavalry Troopers. https://youtu.be/IYobpe0kGU0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wilkes_Booth

1903 – Spain – Atlético Madrid founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atl%C3%A9tico_Madrid

1918 – France – Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux ended (WWI).

1933 – Germany – The Gestapo is established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestapo

1937 – Spain – Guernica bombing (Spanish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Guernica

1942 – China – Explosion at Benxihu colliery, 1549 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benxihu_Colliery


1942 – UK – Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Bath (2nd time) (WWII). https://youtu.be/9iqq5vopMxM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://ww2today.com/25th-april-1942-baedeker-raiders-hit-historic-city-of-bath

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Rostock (WWII).

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Duisburg (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Papua New Guinea – RAAF plane crashed near Aita, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430426-1

1943 – Sweden – Easter Riots. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Riots

1945 – Italy – Battle of Collecchio began (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=304

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Leon Springs TX, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500426-1

1955 – France – RAF plane crashed at Onnaing, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550426-1

1956 – Germany – Aeroflot plane crashed at Berlin-Bohnsdorf, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560426-0

1960 – South Korea – President Syngman Rhee resigned. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syngman_Rhee

1961 – Algeria – Algiers Putsch ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algiers_putsch_of_1961

1964 – Tanzania – Formed by merging Tanganyika and Zanzibar. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14095776

1966 – USSR – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Tashkent, 200 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1966_Tashkent_earthquake

1975 – Vietnam – Operation Babylift ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Babylift

1982 – China – CAAC Flight 3303 crashed near Yangsuo, 112 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820426-0

1982 – South Korea – Uiryeong County Shooting, 56 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woo_Bum-kon


1986 – USSR (Ukraine) – Nuclear reactor accident at Chernobyl Power Plant. https://youtu.be/5WGUbfzr31s WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/28/newsid_2500000/2500975.stm

1989 – Bangledesh – Tornado hit central areas, 1300 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daulatpur%E2%80%93Saturia_tornado

1991 – USA – 55 tornadoes hit central and southern plains, 21 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_26,_1991_tornado_outbreak

1993 – India – Indian Airways Flight 491 crashed outside Aurangabad Airport, 55 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19930426-1

1994 – Japan – China Airlines Flight 140 crashed at Nagoya-Komaki, 264 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940426-0

2002 – Mariana Island – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw.

2002 – Germany – Gunman at Gutenberg Gymnasium, Erfurt, 16 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.S/s/steinhauser-robert.htm

2013 – Iraq – Hawija Clashes ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Hawija_clashes

York

1662 – Royal charter issued to Incorporation of the Company of Merchant Taylors of the City of York. http://www.merchant-taylors-york.org/history/

1828 – John Merton, Matthew Harrison and John Coates alias Wilkinson were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1834 – Charles Cooke, Thomas Rogers and Thomas Morris wer executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf